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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa to NE. Namibia.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 17 m. high or large bush; bark grey, deeply rectangularly fissured or fairly smooth; branchlets usually tomentose when young, with the bark peeling off in large dark grey or purple-black strips or cylindrical or hemicylindrical pieces, leaving a newly exposed cinnamon-red surface.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; lamina coriaceous, elliptic or oblong-elliptic or ovate-elliptic or ovate-oblong, 5–15(–24) cm. long, 3–10(–16) cm. wide, apex usually rounded or retuse and often mucronate or apiculate, base rounded or subcordate, densely ferruginous tomentose when young (except in subsp. psilophyllum where the young leaves are markedly glutinous), eventually white pubescent to pilose or tomentose on the reticulation beneath and glabrous on the areoles (subsp. psidioides) or ferruginous pubescent along the sides of the midrib and laterals (subsp. psilophyllum) or glabrous except for the scales (subsp. glabrum); scales reddish, widely scattered, inconspicuous; lateral nerves 8–16 pairs, reticulation rather prominent beneath; petiole 3–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of rather dense usually tomentose axillary spikes up to 10 cm. long usually appearing with the young leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (fig. 3/17, p. 14) yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle usually tomentose; upper receptacle broadly campanulate or cupuliform, 2.5 mm. long, 3.5 mm. in diameter, usually tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obcuneate, 1.1 mm. long, 0.6 mm. wide, ciliate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 6 mm. long; anthers 1.1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk with pilose free margin 0.5–0.75 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2–3 mm. long, slightly expanded at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 5/17, p. 16) subcircular or elliptic in outline, up to 3 cm. long, 3 cm. wide, usually crimson or pink, sometimes red-brown or tan, glutinous, nearly glabrous except for rather inconspicuous scales; apical peg absent; wings up to 13 mm. wide; stipe 2–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Germination
Cotyledons 2, arising below soil-level; petioles 4–4.5 cm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales (fig. 2/17, p. 13) glistening, whitish or yellowish or reddish, often obscured by the indumentum, ± 40–50(–70) μ in diameter, circular, with 8 primary radial walls only, cell walls very thin and obscured by glutinous secretions.

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Semideciduous understorey tree up to 9 m. high or large bush; crown open, flattened to rounded; bark grey to black, deeply fissured or fairly smooth; branchlets usually tomentose when young with the bark peeling off in large strips or cylindrical or hemicylindrical pieces leaving a newly-exposed cinnamon-red surface.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; lamina 5–15(26) x 3–10(16) cm., elliptic or oblong-elliptic or oblong or ovate-elliptic or ovate-oblong, densely tomentose when young (except in subsp. glabrum), eventually pubescent to pilose or tomentose on the reticulation beneath and glabrous on the areolae (subsp. psidioides) or tomentose both on the reticulation and on the areolae (subsp. dinteri) or glabrous (subsp. glabrum) apart from scales, rather inconspicuously lepidote, apex usually rounded or retuse, often mucronate or apiculate, base rounded or subcordate; lateral nerves 8–16 pairs; reticulation rather prominent beneath; petiole 3–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of rather dense usually tomentose axillary spikes up to 10 cm. long, usually appearing with the young leaves; rhachis usually tomentose; bracts 1–2 mm. long, subulate, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 1·2–1·3 mm. long, usually tomentose; upper receptacle 2·5 x 3·5 mm., broadly campanulate or cupuliform, usually tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1 x 1·5 mm., deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·1 x 0·6 mm., obcuneate, ciliate at the apex (except in subsp. glabrum).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 6 mm. long; anthers 1·1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2 mm. in diam. with a very short free pilose margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 6·5 mm. long, slightly expanded at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit usually crimson or pink, sometimes red-brown or tan, up to 3x3 cm., glutinous, subcircular or elliptic in outline, nearly glabrous except for rather inconspicuous scales, apical peg absent, wings up to 13 mm. broad, flexible and rather tenuous, stipe up to 10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Cotyledons
Cotyledons 2, 2–2·5 x 3–4 cm., transversely elliptic, arising below soil level; petioles 4–4·5 cm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales glistening, whitish or yellowish or reddish, often obscured by the indumentum, c. 40–50(70)µ in diam., circular, with 8 primary radial walls only, cell-walls very thin and obscured by glutinous secretions; cuticular membrane greatly raised from the cell-plate forming a ± spherical cavity.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Caprivi Strip, Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Combretum psidioides Welw. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Bol. Ann. Conselho Ultram. Lisb. May 1856, 24: 249 (1856)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 51 (1899).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 196 (1970).
  • Exell in Mitt. Bot. Staats. Münch. 4: 3 (1961).
  • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 66 (1968).
  • Welw. in Ann. Cons. Ultram. parte não off., sér. 1, 1856: 249 (1856).
  • Wickens in Kew Bulletin 26: 37 (1971).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0