Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
A multistemmed scandent shrub up to 7–8 m., climbing chiefly by aid of its petiolar spines, but also twining.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, subopposite or alternate,sometimes on dwarf shoots in the axils of the petiolar spines; lamina obovate, up to 10 cm. long and 6 cm. wide, apex obtuse or slightly acuminate, base cuneate to almost subcordate, sparsely hairy, especially along the nerves; lateral nerves 5–7 pairs, rather prominent beneath; petiole up to 11 mm. long, later forming a slightly recurved spine.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence generally appearing before the leaves, usually with solitary secund spikes up to 7 cm. long in the axils of the old leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (fig. 6/35, p. 50) bright red, shortly pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 3–4 mm. long, pubescent; upper receptacle infundibuliform, slightly constricted about the middle, 7–8 mm. long, 3 mm. in diameter, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular-subulate, 1.5–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong-ovate, 3 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, glabrous or almost so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments ± 20 mm. long, biseriate; anthers ± 1 mm. long, bright red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk-margin not free, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 7/35, p. 51) 5-winged, oblong-ovate in outline, 2.5–3.5 cm. long, 2–2.5 cm. wide, glabrous; apical peg absent; stipe ± 1–2 mm. long.
Habitat
Common in deciduous woodland, bushland and wooded grassland, in seasonally inundated valleys and on hill slopes; 840–1800 m.
Distribution
T1 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 not known elsewhere

Native to:

Tanzania

Combretum purpureiflorum Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 1, 1993 Bullock, A.A. [3013], Tanzania K000226472 neotype
Tanner, R. [309], Tanzania 12251.000
Bullock, A.A. [3013], Tanzania K000226473

First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 292 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jongkind, C.C.H. (2014). Notes on African Combretum Loefl. Species (Combretaceae) Adansonia, sér. 3, 36: 315-327.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 90, t. 26/D (1899).
  • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 292 (1895).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 133 (1949).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0