Combretum racemosum P.Beauv.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda and Angola.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
A liane or sometimes a scandent shrub; branchlets lightly villous at first, becoming glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite, sometimes ternate; lamina oblong-ovate to ovate, up to 16 cm. long and 6 cm. wide, apex shortly acuminate, base rounded or subcordate, lightly pilose at first, becoming glabrescent; lateral nerves 6–10 pairs; midrib prominent beneath; petiole up to 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of terminal and axillary contracted racemes; rhachis rufous pubescent; floral leaves up to 6 cm. long and 2–5 cm. wide, similar to foliage leaves but whitish or pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (fig. 6/31, p. 50) crimson, 4-merous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 3–4.5 mm. long, somewhat constricted above and below the ovary, usually lightly pilose; upper receptacle campanu-late, 5–6 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, glabrous or nearly so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals shortly triangular, acuminate, 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong-elliptic, 2–3 mm. long, 0.1–2 mm. wide, densely fuscous pubescent externally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 12 mm. long; anthers 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk inconspicuous, pilose, without a free margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 7/31, p. 51) obtriangular to obovate in outline, 1.8–2.5 cm. long, 1.7–2.5 cm. wide; wings membranous, glabrous; apical peg absent or minute; stipe 3 mm. long.
Habitat
Margins of rain-forest, riverine forest and in secondary bushland; 1100–2200 m.
Distribution
western Africa from Senegal southwards to Angola and east to southern Sudan U2 U4

[FWTA]

Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Scandent shrub or forest liane
Morphology Leaves
Bracteate leaves white with green veins, or rarely pink
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals and stamens vivid dark red.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Combretum racemosum P.Beauv. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2010 Luke [10647Z], Congo K000566717 No
Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9922], Cameroon K000337908 No
Jan 1, 1994 Nguembock, F. [19], Cameroon K000436806 No
Jan 1, 1994 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1132], Cameroon K000437337 No
Jan 1, 1991 Manning, S.D. [1253], Cameroon K000050801 No
Jan 1, 1961 Welwitsch [4295], Angola K000226574 Yes
Jan 1, 1961 Welwitsch [4351], Angola K000226575 Unknown type material Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [2774] K000226437 Unknown type material Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [2774] K000226438 Unknown type material Yes
Maitland, T.D. [413], Cameroon K000050792 No
Tuley, P. [5010], Cameroon K000050797 No
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28328], Cameroon K000050800 No
Schweinfurth, G. [2774] K000226436 Unknown type material Yes
Mann, G. [2188], Cameroon K000050793 No
Brunt, M.A. [155], Cameroon K000050799 No
Maitland, T.D. [413], Cameroon K000050791 No
Maitland, T.D. [413], Cameroon K000050790 No
Hepper, F.N. [1911], Cameroon K000050798 No
Daramola, B. O. [FHI 40540], Cameroon K000050794 No

First published in Fl. Oware 1: 87 (1806)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 264.
  • Engl. & Diels Monogr. Afr. Combretac. 82
  • —F.T.A. 2: 424 (incl.var. flammeum Welw.ex Laws.)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bagshawe & Bak. f. in Journal of Botany 46: 6 (1908).
  • Burtt Davy, Check-lists Brit. Emp. 1, Uganda: 36 (1935).
  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 82, t. 23/C (1899), excl. syn. C. macrocarpum.
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 292 (1895).
  • Laws, in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 424 (1871), excl. syn. C. macrocarpum P. Beauv.
  • P. Beauv., Fl. Owar. 2: 90, t.118 (1820).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0