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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to N. Mozambique.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; blade elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 4–12(–15) x 2–4.5(–7.5) cm, somewhat acuminate at the apex, glabrous above, sparsely pubescent and with inconspicuous silvery scales beneath; petiole 2–8(–10) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, yellow, in subglobose axillary spikes 1–1.5 cm in diam. Lower receptacle glabrous, sticky, upper 1.5 mm long and wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 1.3 mm long, subcircular, glabrous; filaments c. 4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit broadly 4-winged, up to 3.5 cm long, becoming subcircular in outline, sticky when young, with a 10–20 mm long stipe.
Distribution
S3; Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique
Ecology
Altitude range c. 30 m.
Note
First record for Somalia of C. schumannii. The only collection seen is the type of C. copaliferum, a specimen in young fruit.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree up to 18 m. high.
Morphology General Bark
Bark buff-brown, spongy, scaling off in large longitudinal flakes; wood purplish black.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; lamina papyraceous to chartaceous, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 6–12(–15) cm. long, 2–4.5(–7.5) cm. wide, apex rather blunt and somewhat acuminate, base cuneate to rounded, verrucose above, otherwise glabrous and shiny, inconspicuously silvery lepidote beneath, sparsely pubescent on midrib and with hairs in axils of lateral nerves, otherwise glabrous; lateral nerves 3–8 pairs, alternate or subopposite; petiole up to 8(–10) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence subglobose-fasciculate axillary spikes 1–1.5 cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow, scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle glutinous, glabrous; upper receptacle 1.5 mm. long and wide, with 4 pouch-like swellings alternating with the position ofthe petals, not conspicuously lepidote.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals shallowly triangular, little developed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals suborbicular, 1.3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 4 mm. long; anthers 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk glabrous, margin scarcely produced.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5.5 mm. long, expanded near apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 4/7, p. 15) yellowish green, subcircular in outline, up to 3.5 cm. in diameter, glutinous when young; stipe 1–2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Germination
Cotyledons 2, borne above ground, sessile, obreniform, shortly and broadly acuminate.
Morphology General Scales
Scales (fig. 1/7, p. 12) 45–75 μ in diameter.
Habitat
A wide range of habitats from lowland rain-forest, riverine forest and Brachystegia woodland to valley grassland; 0–1150 m.
Distribution
K4 K7 T2 T3 T5 T6 T8

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous shrub or small tree up to 18 m. high (occasionally described as scandent); bark grey, scaly; branchlets slender, usually pale, glabrous or slightly pubescent and soon glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; lamina 2–9(10) x 0·7—4·5 cm., papyraceous to chartaceous, narrowly elliptic to ovate or obovate, rather inconspicuously lepidote and verruculose above otherwise nearly glabrous except for tufts of hairs in the axils of the lateral nerves beneath, somewhat shiny above, apex rather blunt to rounded sometimes somewhat acuminate, base cuneate to rounded; lateral nerves 3–5 pairs; petiole 2–8(10) mm. long, slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of short almost sessile glutinous lateral spikes, sometimes branched or fasciculate, often appearing in the axils of fallen leaves with very young leaves of the current season; rhachis sometimes up to 3–4 cm. long in fruit; bracts minute, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pale-yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 1–1·5 mm. long, glutinous, glabrous; upper receptacle 2–2·5 x 2·5–3 mm., broadly infundibuliform, glutinous, rather inconspicuously lepidote otherwise glabrous, crenulated to form 4 pouch-like swellings alternating with the petals and in the position of the sepals which are otherwise scarcely developed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·6–2 x 1·8 mm., broadly ovate to subcircular, glabrous, shortly unguiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 3—4·5 mm. long; anthers 0·6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk glabrous, margin scarcely produced.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5 mm. long, slightly expanded at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit green, up to 3·5 cm. in diam., subcircular in outline, glutinous when young, rather inconspicuously lepidote otherwise glabrous, apical peg absent or very short, wings up to 1·2 cm. broad and rather thin, stipe up to 1·8 cm. long, slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Cotyledons
Cotyledons 2, arising above soil level; petioles 4–5 mm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales whitish- to reddish-translucent, 45–75µ in diam., rather sparse to frequent, circular; cells delimited by 8(12) radial walls and also by tangential and extra radial walls; marginal cells (8)10–16.

Native to:

Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania

Combretum schumannii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 1990 Long, D.G. [597], Botswana K000282883
Mar 1, 1893 Holst, C. [2375], Tanzania K000226419
Blair, A. [10], Botswana K000282880
Wild, H. [6986], Botswana K000282881
Story, R. [5093], Botswana K000282882
Smith, P.A. [322], Botswana K000282886
Muller [2299], Botswana K000282887
Muller [2322], Botswana K000282888
Robertson, S.A. [7636], Kenya K000823782
Smith, P.A. [2864], Botswana K000282884
Miller, O.B. [B1163], Botswana K000282885

First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 34 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony ed. 2: 32 (1936).
  • Battiscombe, A Descriptive Catalogue of Some of the Common Trees and Woody Plants of Kenya Colony p. 22 (1926)
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 146 (1961).
  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 24, t. 6/C (1899).
  • Engl. [in Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1894: 34 (1894), nomen. ]
  • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 289 (1895)
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 177 (1970).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 138 (1949).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0