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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
Combretum zeyheri

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree up to 10(12) m. high or rarely a shrub; crown rounded or flat-rounded; bark brown or grey-brown, smooth to scaly, generally fissured; branchlets usually tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or 3 -verticillate; lamina up to 14(22) x 9(11) cm., chartaceous, broadly to narrowly elliptic or obovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, usually tomentose (when young) or pubescent to almost glabrous (except for scales), lepidote but scales rather inconspicuous, apex usually rounded to obtuse, sometimes acute, base usually rounded, sometimes slightly cordate; lateral nerves 5–12 pairs, prominent below; petiole up to 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually unbranched axillary spikes up to 8 cm. long including the rather short tomentose peduncle; rhachis tomentose; bracts c. 2 mm. long, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 2–3 mm. long, tomentose; upper receptacle c. 3 x 2·5–3 mm., shortly infundibuliform, pubescent and lepidote.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1·5–2 x 1·5–2 mm., triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, 1·5–2·5 x 0·8–1·2 mm., obovate-spathulate to spathulate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 5–8 mm. long, often reflexed at about 1 mm, below the anthers; anthers orange, 1·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 1·8 mm. in diam. with pilose margin free for 1·5–2 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 5 mm. long, glabrous, with swollen apex (while functional), usually exserted and rather conspicuous before the stamens appear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit usually c. 5·5 x 5 cm. (rarely only 3–3·5 x 3–3·5 cm. and occasionally up to 10 x 8 cm.), subcircular in outline, usually glabrescent, sometimes conspicuously lepidote on the body, apical peg very short or absent, wings up to 3·5 cm. broad, stipe 1–3 cm. long, usually relatively slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Cotyledons
Cotyledons 3·5–4 x 6 cm., subcircular to transversely elliptic, with free petioles sometimes c. 2 mm. long (petioles united for the rest of their length) or the two cotyledons united completely to form a single peltate organ c. 6 cm. in diam., arising as for the section.
Morphology General Scales
Scales as for the section.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Small to medium-sized tree up to 10(–13) m. high or rarely a shrub; bark brown or grey-brown, tessellated; branchlets light brown, pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or 3-verticillate; lamina chartaceous, broadly to narrowly elliptic to obovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, up to 14(–16) cm. long and 8(–10) cm. wide, apex usually rounded to obtuse, sometimes acute, base usually rounded, sometimes slightly cordate, usually tomentose (when young) or pubescent to almost glabrous (except for the scales), lepidote, but scales small and rather inconspicuous; lateral nerves 5–12 pairs, somewhat prominent beneath; petiole up to 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually unbranched axillary spikes, up to 8 cm. long including the rather tomentose peduncle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (fig. 3/13, p. 14) greenish yellow; odour, if any, not recorded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle tomentose; upper receptacle shortly infundibuliform, ± 2.5–3 mm. long, 3 mm. in diameter, pubescent and lepidote.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate-spathulate to spathulate, 1.5–3 mm. long, 0.8–1.2 mm. wide, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 5–8 mm. long, often reflexed ± 1 mm. below the anthers; anthers buff to orange, 1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk with pilose margin free for 1.5–2 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style precocious, 2.5 mm. long, swollen at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 4/13, p. 15) subcircular or elliptic to transversely elliptic (not in E. Africa), usually 6.5 cm. long by 5.5–6 cm. wide (rarely only 3–5 cm. long, 3–4 cm. wide, exceptionally up to 10 cm. long, 8 cm. wide), straw coloured to light brown, usually glabrescent, sometimes conspicuously lepidote on the body; apical peg very short or absent; wings up to 4 cm. wide; stipe 1–3 cm. long, usually relatively slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Germination
Cotyledons and scales (fig. 2/13) as for the section.
Habitat
Brachystegia woodland, wooded grassland and Acacia, Commiphora bushland, usually on sandy soils, also on termite mounds; 10–1600 m.
Distribution
K4 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Combretum zeyheri Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1992 Miller, O.B. [58], Botswana K000489063
Jan 1, 1991 Brosig [s.n.], Tanzania K000226504 lectotype
Jan 1, 1961 Welwitsch [4373], Angola K000226527
Jan 1, 1961 Dekindt [48], Angola K000226528 isotype
Pickering, C.H.C. 6969.000
Bohm [87a], Tanzania K000226505
Zeyher [552], South Africa K000226636 Unknown type material
Rehmann, A. [4226], South Africa K000226637
Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000226638 Unknown type material
Brown, D.C. [10006], Botswana K000489061
McKay, A.D. [1977], Botswana K000489064
Brown, D.C. [10006], Botswana K000489058
Smith, P.A. [84], Botswana K000489062
Yalala, A.M. [154], Botswana K000489066
Smith, P.A. [2863], Botswana K000489060
Shantz, H.L. [429], Botswana K000489065
Smith, P.A. [2839], Botswana K000489059
Wulfhorst [14], Namibia Combretum calocarpum K000226639
Engler, A. [6297], Namibia Combretum calocarpum K000226640

First published in Linnaea 23: 46 (1850)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 147 (1961).
  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 59 (1899).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 185 (1970).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 285 (1962).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 140 (1949).
  • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 72 (1968).
  • Sond. in Linnaea 23: 46 (1850).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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