Lumnitzera racemosa Willd.

First published in Neue Schriften Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 4: 187 (1803)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal, W. Indian Ocean, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific, Australia. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Comoros, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Seychelles, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Western Australia

Introduced into:

Florida

Accepted Infraspecifics

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-023-09756-w. epublication.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Chakrabarty, T., Lakra, G.S. & Chauhan, A.S. (2009). The family Combretaceae of Andaman and Nicobar islands. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 194-202.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2021). Flora of North America North of Mexico 10: 1-456. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Plunkett, G.M., Ranker, T.A., Sam, C. & Balick, M.J. (2022). Towards a checklist of the vascular flora of Vanuatu. Candollea 77: 105-118.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Singh, V., Singh, P. & Dash, S.S. (eds.) (2021). Flora of India 9: 1-482. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Turner, I.M. (2020). https://doi.org/10.36253/jopt-8891. epublication.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1990). Flora of Australia 18: 1-349. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Plunkett, G.M., Ranker, T.A., Sam, C. & Balick, M.J. (2022). Towards a checklist of the vascular flora of Vanuatu. Candollea 77: 105-118.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • USDA, NRCS ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1948-1954). Flora Malesiana 4: 1-631. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony ed. 2: 36 (1936).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 147, fig. 29 (1961).
  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 4: 34 (1900).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 288 (1895).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 245 (1970).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 142 (1949).
  • Laws. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 418 (1871).
  • Willd. in Neue Schrift. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin 4: 187 (1803).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Balslev, H.; Poopath, M.; Karaket, P.; Thaotawin, P.; Kladwong, P.; Rujichaipimon, W.; Brem Nøhr, N. [10216] Thailand K001767416 No
Rabarivola, M.L.; Rakatoarisoa, S.E.; Rajaonarison, R.; Pekering, T.E.; Nanjarisoa, O.P. [RML 555] Madagascar K001036119 Yes
Onjalalaina, G.E.; Ralimanana, H.; Vorontsoa, M.; Razanatsoa, J.; Randriantsara, F. [OLG 713] Madagascar K001036651 Yes
Simaga, J. M. [780] Papua New Guinea K001635756 No
Clarke, C.B. [647] K004515422 Yes
Fraser, M. [158] Indonesia K004515612 Yes
Sundaling, D. [SAN135384] Malaysia K004515616 Yes
Brass, L.J. [1544] Papua New Guinea K004515653 Yes
Kurata, S.; Nakaike, T. [768] K004515365 Yes
Furuse, M. [3367] K004515369 Yes
Wallace, G.B. [838] Tanzania K004334462 Yes
Cramer, L.H. [4332] Sri Lanka K004515404 Yes
van Borssum Waalkes, J. [821] Indonesia K004515598 Yes
Mueller-Dombois, D. [68042004] Sri Lanka K004515416 Yes
[D. Bourke] [s.n.] K004515472 Yes
Horne, J. [383] Seychelles K004334483 Yes
Robinson, B. [1832] Indonesia K004515608 Yes
Hoogland, R.D. [4183] Papua New Guinea K004515650 Yes
Jeffrey, C. [789] Seychelles K:SPC-24479.000 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [2581] Tanzania K004334443 Yes
Kuntze, C.E.O. [[7/494]] Tanzania K004334460 Yes
Robinson, H.C. [6459] K004515474 Yes
Larsen, K.; Larsen, S.S. [s.n.] K004515476 Yes
David, B.; Hul, S.; Cheng, S.K.; Leti, M. [CL893] K004515471 Yes
Bloembergen, S. [3286] Indonesia K004515599 Yes
Bernardi, L. [10393] New Caledonia K004334404 Yes
Larivita, G.; Katik, P. [LAE 70521] Papua New Guinea K000062313 Yes
Fosberg, F.R. [37418] K004515364 Yes
Worthington, T.B. [2693] Sri Lanka K004515409 Yes
Gaerlan; Sagcal; Romero [PPI10617] Philippines K004515625 Yes
Merrill, E.D. [Species Blancoanae No. 303] Philippines K001129748 Isoneotype Yes
Parkinson, C.E. [512] K004515403 Yes
Graham, R.M. [1988] Kenya K004334428 Yes
Blake, S.T. [17336] Australia K004334330 Yes
McKee, H.S. (Dr.) [4458] New Caledonia K004334403 Yes
Faulkner, H. [4110] Tanzania K004334448 Yes
Tanner, R. [2603] Tanzania K004334455 Yes
Achmad [147] Indonesia K004515623 Yes
Kasim bin Rajab, M. [575] Malaysia K004515425 Yes
Put [1648] K004515475 Yes
Waas, S. [2144] Sri Lanka K004515419 Yes
Vaughan, J.H. [1103] Tanzania K004334464 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [3033] Tanzania K004334463 Yes
W.T.J. [s.n.] Australia K004334329 Yes
s.coll. [5576] K004515482 Yes
Philcox, D.; Wijesundara, D.S.A.; Weerasooriya, A. [10429] Sri Lanka K004515414 Yes
Polhill, R.; Paulo, S. [599] Kenya K004334427 Yes
Melegrito [3189] Malaysia K004515614 Yes
s.coll. [bb21304] Indonesia K004515621 Yes
Schlieben, H.J. [11753] Seychelles K004334485 Yes
Achmad [201454] K004515622 Yes
Waas, S. [243] Sri Lanka K004515410 Yes
Rabil [66] K004515473 Yes
Greenway, P.J. [4957] Tanzania K004334432 Yes
Faden, R.B.; Faden, A.J.; Gillett, J.B.; Gachathi, N. [77/470] Kenya K004334425 Yes
Worthington, T.B. [4578] Sri Lanka K004515418 Yes
Gomes e Sousa, A. [4624] Mozambique K004334477 Yes
Gomes e Sousa, A.F. [2097] Mozambique K004334476 Yes
[C. Promdej]; et al. [264] K004515478 Yes
Simaga, J. [676] Papua New Guinea K004515645 Yes
Kostermans, A. [17A] Indonesia K004515607 Yes
van Borssum Waalkes, J. [494] Indonesia K004515605 Yes
Volkens, G. [195] Tanzania K004334433 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [2134] K004515483 Yes
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [1355] Sri Lanka K004515413 Yes
Davidse, G.; Sumithraarachchi, D.B. [8979] Sri Lanka K004515417 Yes
Amin, Ag. [SAN115007] Malaysia K004515613 Yes
Martensz; Schodde [AE748] Australia K004334326 Yes
Groenendijk, E.M.C.; de Koning, J. [308] Mozambique K004334470 Yes
Griffith [s.n.] Malaysia K004515423 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Sri Lanka K000786921 Unknown Type Material Yes
Peter, G.A. [[45708]] Tanzania K004334437 Yes
Grandvaux Barbosa, L.A.; de Lemos, F. [8542] Mozambique K004334474 Yes
Vaughan, J.H. [980] Tanzania K004334466 Yes
Tirvengadum, D.D.; Cramer, L.H.; Waas, S. [490] Sri Lanka K004515421 Yes
Holst, C. [3056] Tanzania K004334434 Yes
Mogg, A.O.D. [[28777]] Mozambique K004334478 Yes
Kenneally, K.F. [6113] Australia K004334331 Yes
Lazarides, M. [6566] Australia K004334332 Yes
Greenway, P.J. [7895] Tanzania K004334431 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Sri Lanka K000786922 Unknown Type Material Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [1278] Tanzania K004334449 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [569] Tanzania K004334446 Yes
Vieillard, E. [2571] New Caledonia K001129747 Lectotype Yes
Peter, G.A. [22881] Tanzania K004334438 Yes
Gwynne-Vaughan, D.T. [353] K004515479 Yes
Tanner, R. [2444] Tanzania K004334442 Yes
Paiva, J.; Silveira, P. [M800] Mozambique K004334469 Yes
Fosberg, F.R.; Balakrishnan, N. [53575] Sri Lanka K004515415 Yes
Sands, M.J.S.; Pattison, G.A.; Wood, J.J. [3008] Papua New Guinea K004515651 Yes
Harris, B.J. [315] Tanzania K004334458 Yes
Buwalda, P. [6057] Indonesia K004515603 Yes
Faulkner, H. [1278] Tanzania K004334447 Yes
Darbyshire, P.J. [844] Papua New Guinea K004515655 Yes
Dewol Sundaling [SAN55983] Malaysia K004515611 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Philippines K004515627 Yes
Jemson, J.; Ubaldus, M.; Postar, J.M. [SAN149610] Malaysia K004515606 Yes
Kostermans; Wirawan [376a] Indonesia K004515600 Yes
Frazier, J. [1008] Kenya K004334426 Yes
[Stehlmenn I] [[534]] Tanzania K004334467 Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [3668] Tanzania K004334453 Yes
Ambri; Arifin; Arbainsyah [AA1301] Indonesia K004515615 Yes
Holst, C. [2891] Tanzania K004334436 Yes
Smith, L.S. [4924] Australia K004334325 Yes
van Balgooy, M.; Mamesah, J. [6239] Indonesia K004515604 Yes
Osborne, J.; Beira, B.; Issufo, I.; Matimele, H.; Mucaleque, P. [JO1329] Mozambique K000569911 Yes
Tsang, W.T. [30631] K004515481 Yes
Buwalda, P. [5581] Indonesia K004515602 Yes
Perdue, R.E.; Kibuwa, S.P. [8479] Tanzania K004334450 Yes
Gaerlan, F.J.M.; Sagcal, E.C. [PPI10236] Philippines K004515626 Yes
Furuse, M. [3966] K004515368 Yes
Wilson, E.H. [9850] K004515370 Yes
McKee, H.S. (Dr.) [10097] New Caledonia K004334401 Yes
MacNaughtan, G. [193] Kenya K004334429 Yes
Kirk (Dr.) [s.n.] Mozambique K004334475 Yes
s.coll. [6935] K004515484 Yes
Stanley Gardiner, J. [s.n.] Seychelles K004334480 Yes
Playfair, G.M.H. [459] K004515371 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Sri Lanka K000786920 Unknown Type Material Yes
Yasuda, K. [0963] K004515367 Yes
Semsei, S.R. [1814] Tanzania K004334456 Yes
[R.V. Deyont] [10] Seychelles K004334482 Yes
Mgaza, C.D. [652] Tanzania K004334451 Yes
Walker (Mr) [s.n.] Sri Lanka K004515407 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [569] Tanzania K004334444 Yes
Corner, E.J.H. [38160] Singapore K004515424 Yes
Comanor, P.L. [992] Sri Lanka K004515405 Yes
Buwalda, P. [3070] Indonesia K004515601 Yes
Adams, C.D.; Shafeeg, A. [15000] Maldives K004515402 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [1553] Tanzania K004334452 Yes
Fosberg, F.R. [56434] Sri Lanka K004515412 Yes
Balsinhas, A. [122] Mozambique K004334472 Yes
Griffith [2175] Malaysia K004515426 Yes
Peter, G.A. [52474] Tanzania K004334440 Yes
Ridsdale, C.E. [NGF33679] Papua New Guinea K004515656 Yes
Sands, M.J.S.; Pattison, G.A.; Wood, J.J. [3008] Papua New Guinea K004515652 Yes
Groenendijk, E.M.C.; de Koning, J. [1452] Mozambique K004334468 Yes
Gillison, A.N. [NGF22086] Papua New Guinea K004515648 Yes
Specht, R.L. [946] Australia K004334328 Yes
Horsfield, T. [s.n.] Indonesia K004515609 Yes
Magogo, F.C.; Rose Innes, R. [RRI481] Tanzania K004334441 Yes
Rabevohitra, R. [2169] Madagascar K004334487 Yes
Greenway, P.J. [1323] Tanzania K004334465 Yes
Melegrito [3189] Malaysia K004515610 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [12672] K004515485 Yes
Haniff, M.; Md. Nur [7481] Malaysia K004515429 Yes
Tirvengadum, D.D.; Cramer, L.H.; Balasubramaniam, S. [243] Sri Lanka K004515411 Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [3668] Tanzania K004334454 Yes
Groenendijk, E.M.C.; Dungo, J. [1579] Mozambique K004334473 Yes
Corner, E.J.H. [25823] Malaysia K004515428 Yes
Greenway [1860] Tanzania K004334430 Yes
Mogg, A.O.D. [31684] Mozambique K004334471 Yes
Gardner, S.; Sidisunthorn, P. [ST2775] K004515477 Yes
Stanley Gardiner, J. [s.n.] Seychelles K004334481 Yes
Burkill, H.M. [HMB2792] Singapore K004515427 Yes
Barrabé, L.; Léopold, A.; Blanchard, E. [1196] New Caledonia K004334402 Yes
Thwaites [CP1594] Sri Lanka K004515408 Yes
Furuse, M. [3424] K004515366 Yes
[Dupont] [6] Seychelles K004334484 Yes
Conn, B.; et al. [LAE66142] Papua New Guinea K004515647 Yes
Jeffrey, C.; Zelia [789] Seychelles K004334479 Yes
Batty, M. [1238] Tanzania K004334457 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [569] Tanzania K004334445 Yes
Flgincolin, V.V. [28580] Philippines K004515628 Yes
Peter, G.A. [52486] Tanzania K004334439 Yes
Phillipson, P.B.; Labat, J.N.; Du Puy, D.; Du Puy, B.D. [3470] Madagascar K004334486 Yes
Specht, R.L. [440] Australia K004334327 Yes
Schlieben, H.J. [2593] Tanzania K004334461 Yes
Holst, C. [2116] Tanzania K004334435 Yes
Balansa, B. [1559] K004515480 Yes
Frodin, D.G.; & Student [UPNG4359] Papua New Guinea K004515649 Yes
Davidse, G. [7545] Sri Lanka K004515420 Yes
Waas, S. [1647] Sri Lanka K004515406 Yes
s.coll. [1454] K004515624 Yes
Brass, L.J. [6228] Papua New Guinea K004515646 Yes
Semsei, S.R. [S1838] Tanzania K004334459 Yes
s.coll. [12022] Philippines K004515629 Yes

Sources

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    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images