Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC.

First published in Prodr. 3: 13 (1828)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tanzania to S. Africa. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/146209249/146209251

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Small spreading tree 3–16 m. high; bark grey-brown or pale cream, longitudinally fissured; branchlets with purplish black bark peeling off in strips to reveal a light brown newly exposed surface; young shoots sericeous-tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged; lamina narrowly obovate-elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 5.5–12.5 cm. long, 1.5–4.5 cm. wide, apex acute to rounded, base cuneate, sericeous-pubescent to densely silvery sericeous-tomentose beneath, becoming somewhat glabrescent when old; lateral nerves 5–8 pairs, usually inconspicuous; petiole 2–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of lateral spikes 5–7.5 cm. long; peduncle 2.5–3 cm. long, densely sericeous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish white, sericeous-tomentose outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 12/12, p. 79) pinkish to purplish brown, broadly elliptic, 3–4 cm. long, 1.7–2.5 cm. wide, apex obtuse to rounded and usually emarginate, base obtuse to subtruncate, finely tomentose; stipe 5–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Germination
Cotyledons 2, petioles 1.5–2 cm. long, arising below soil-level.
Habitat
Brachystegia woodland and wooded grassland; 450–1300 m.
Distribution
T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
[FTEA]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Small deciduous bushy tree 3–12(16) m. high or shrub; crown flat or rounded; bark grey-brown or pale-brown to grey-black, longitudinally fissured, fresh bark pale-rusty-red; branchlets with purplish-black bark peeling to reveal a light-brown newly exposed surface; young shoots sericeous-tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina 5·5–12·5 x 1·5–4·5 cm., chartaceous, narrowly obovate- elliptic to narrowly elliptic, densely silvery-sericeous-tomentose (somewhat glabrescent when old), apex acute to rounded, base cuneate; lateral nerves usually inconspicuous beneath; petiole 2–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of lateral spikes 5–7·5 cm. long; peduncle 2·5–3 cm. long, densely sericeous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle sericeous-tomentose; upper receptacle sericeous but less densely so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular-acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4 mm. long; anthers 0·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit pinkish or purplish-brown, 3–4 x 1·7–2·5 cm. broadly elliptic, apex obtuse to rounded and usually emarginate, base obtuse to subtruncate, finely tomentose, stipe 5–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Cotyledons
Cotyledons 2, c. 2 cm. in diam., irregularly subcircular with petioles 1·5–2 cm. long, arising below soil level.
[FZ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Common Names

English
Silver cluster-leaf, Silver terminalia

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/