Family:
Vitaceae Juss.

Rhoicissus Planch.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Arabian Peninsula.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or woody climbers, usually with leaf-opposed tendrils
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple or 3(–5)-foliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in leaf-opposed ± dense cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx subentire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5–6
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary immersed in annular entire disk
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with inconspicuous stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds smooth or rugose, usually with a conspicuous dorsal furrow.
Distribution
About 11-12 species in tropical and southern Africa, extending to Arabia.

[FTEA]

Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, small trees, climbers or extensive lianes, usually with leaf-opposed tendrils; roots sometimes with tubers
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple or 3-foliolate, less often digitately 5-foliolate; leaf or leaflet margins entire, crenate, undulate or variously toothed; stipules usually present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in leaf-opposed ± condensed thyrsoid cymes; peduncles occasionally cirrhose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5–6 (very rarely 4), ± thickened or fleshy at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers curved over the ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary immersed in an entire disk; style simple, entire, with inconspicuous stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–2(–4), smooth or rugose, usually with a conspicuous longitudinal dorsal furrow and with or without basal projection.

[FZ]

Vitaceae, H. Wild & R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, often with scandent branches or ± woody climbers; tendrils usually present, leaf-opposed.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple or 3-foliolate, more rarely digitately 5-foliolate, leaflet-margins entire or variously toothed; stipules present or more rarely absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences in leaf-opposed ± condensed thyrsoid cymes; peduncles occasionally cirrhose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5 or 6 (very rarely 4), ± thickened or fleshy at their apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers bending over the gynoecium.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk entire with the ovary immersed in it.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style simple, entire; stigma not wider than the style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–2(4); testa rugose or smooth, usually with a ± prominent longitudinal furrow.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Mauritius, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan

Rhoicissus Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 463 (1887)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Suessenguth in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 20D: 329 (1953).
  • in DC. Monogr. Ampelid. 463 (1887)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in A. & C. DC., Mon. Phan. 5, 2: 463 (1887).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Jansen, P., Lemmens, R., Oyen, L., Siemonsma, J., Stavast, F. & Van Valkenburg, J. (1991) Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of species and commodity grouping. Final version. Pudoc, Wageningen.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 463 (1887)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0