Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth

First published in Tent. Fl. Germ. 3(1): 79 (1799)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, NW. Africa, Europe to Xinjiang. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sardegna, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & Parris, B.S. (2020). Pteridophytes of Turkey - A revised check-list and their relationship to Europe and the West Himalaya. Indian Journal of Forestry 43: 263-284.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2018). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 2: 1-573. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Gonggrijp, S. & al. (2021). Nova Flora Neerlandica, Lycopodiopsida & Polypodiopsida: 1-275. KNVV uitgeverij.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. & Armemov, I.A. (2012). Opredelitel' Rasteniĭ Respublika Altaĭ: 1-640. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN.
  • Merryweather, J. (2020). Britain's Ferns. A field guide to the clubmosses, quillworts, horsetails and ferns of Great Britain and Ireland: 1-280. Princeton University Press.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Prelli, R. & Boudrie, M. (2021). Les Fougères et plantes alliées d'Europe: 1-528. BIOTOPE.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2018). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 2: 1-573. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. & Armemov, I.A. (2012). Opredelitel' Rasteniĭ Respublika Altaĭ: 1-640. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN.
  • Merryweather, J. (2020). Britain's Ferns. A field guide to the clubmosses, quillworts, horsetails and ferns of Great Britain and Ireland: 1-280. Princeton University Press.
  • Prelli, R. & Boudrie, M. (2021). Les Fougères et plantes alliées d'Europe: 1-528. BIOTOPE.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 16, 1980 Woodhams, J.R. [145], Papua New Guinea K000665276 No
Moritz [296], Colombia K000512988 Unknown type material No
Croft, J.R. [1913], Papua New Guinea K000665266 No
Croft, J.R. [1913], Papua New Guinea K000665267 No
Croft, J.R. [1913], Papua New Guinea K000665268 No
Croft, J.R. [2039], Papua New Guinea K000665271 No
Croft, J.R. [314], Papua New Guinea K000665270 No
Moritz [s.n.], Colombia K000512992 Unknown type material Yes
Croft, J.R. [2039], Papua New Guinea K000665274 No
Moritz [294], Colombia K000512991 Unknown type material Yes
Croft, J.R. [2039], Papua New Guinea K000665273 No
Croft, J.R. [314], Papua New Guinea K000665269 No
Moritz [294], Colombia K000512990 Unknown type material Yes
Dörfler, J. [s.n.], Romania K001040007 Yes
Moritz [296], Colombia K000512989 Unknown type material Yes
Stevens, P.F. [LAE54386], Papua New Guinea K000665277 No
Croft, J.R. [2039], Papua New Guinea K000665272 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [2355], Brazil Aspidium aculeatum K000590409 Yes

Sources

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images