Adenostemma viscosum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as a medicine and for food.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia

[UPFC]
Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Erect to semi-procumbent herb to 1.3 m; stem fleshy, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, sometimes rooting from lower nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, petiole 0.7–4 cm, blade ovate to rhomboid, 2–15(–22) cm long, 1–7(–12.5) cm wide, base attenuate to cuneate, sometimes forming narrow wings along petiole, margins crenulate to serrate, apex obtuse to acute, glabrous or sub-glabrous, 3-veined from base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence bracts 0.6–5 cm long at nodes of inflorescence branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula few to numerous, ± 3–5 mm long, 4–5 mm diameter when mature; stalks of individual capitula 1.2–2.5 cm, glandular-pubescent; phyllaries 2–3 mm long, 0.5–0.75 mm wide, flat, apex obtuse to acute, margins entire or ciliate, basally pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets ± 30–42; corolla white, 1–1.5 mm long, basally wider, then narrowing into tube before expanding again into campanulate limb with 3–4(–5) (variable within capitulum) short, broadly triangular lobes; anthers free, 3–4(–5), ± 0.2 mm long; style ± 2 mm, bifid for 1/3 of its length, arms swollen.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 2.2–3 mm long, immature or aborted achenes purplish, generally smooth with small glands, becoming brown, tuberculate and glandular with maturity; pappus of 3 pegs, less than 1 mm long.
Habitat
Wet ground, often near streams, and in shade, sometimes actually growing in water; 1–2000 m
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A weak-stemmed annual weed of damp shady places, 1-3 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets white or pale mauve.

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., South China Sea, Sudan, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Colombia, Ecuador, Galápagos, Nicaragua

Adenostemma viscosum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2010 Tadjouteu, F. [604], Cameroon K000199829
Jan 1, 2008 Lowry [6169], Madagascar K000191284
Jan 1, 2008 Argent, G. et al. [1059], Sarawak K000575479
Jan 1, 2008 Beaman [11315], Sabah K000575480
Jan 1, 2008 Luke et al. [10397], Tanzania K000450223
Nov 1, 2000 Onana, J.-M. [610], Cameroon K000746937
Strachey, R. [3], India K000009770
Forster, J.R. [s.n.] K000009771 Unknown type material
Forster, J.R. [s.n.] K000009772 Unknown type material
Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000009773 Unknown type material
Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000009774 Unknown type material
Wright C. [1401], India K000009775 Unknown type material
Wright C. [1401], India K000009776 Unknown type material
Wright C. [1401], India K000009777 Unknown type material
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000273392
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000273393
Maitland, T.D. [225], Cameroon K000051819
Meurillon, A. [CNAD 574], Cameroon K000051818
Wight R. [3218], India K001079959
Randriamampionona, B. [714], Madagascar K000662257
s.coll. [3220], India K001079958
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3220], Myanmar Lavenia alba K001118845
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3220], Myanmar Lavenia alba K001118843
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3220] Lavenia alba K001118844
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3220] Lavenia alba K001118842
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3222], India Lavenia viscida K001118846
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3222] Lavenia viscida K001118847
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3219], Nepal Lavenia carnosa K001118841
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3219], Nepal Lavenia carnosa K001118840
Wrigley, T.C. [210] Adenostemma perrottetii K000764124

First published in Char. Gen. Pl., ed. 2: 90 (1776)

Accepted by

  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Gardner, R. (2021). The native vascular plants of Niue, SW Pacific Journal, Auckland Botanical Society 76: 82-87.
  • Mao, A.A., Odyuo, N., Verma, D. & Singh, P. (2017). Checklist of Flora of Nagaland: 1-196. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Gardner, R. (2021). The native vascular plants of Niue, SW Pacific Journal, Auckland Botanical Society 76: 82-87.
  • Mao, A.A., Odyuo, N., Verma, D. & Singh, P. (2017). Checklist of Flora of Nagaland: 1-196. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Mascar. 109: 231 (1993).
  • DC., Prodr. 5: 112 (1836).
  • J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl.: 90, t. 45 (1776).
  • O. Hoffm. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C.: 406 (1895).
  • Oliv. & Hiern, Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 299 (1877).
  • Retief & Herman, Pl. Northern Provs of S.A.: 290 (1997).

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0