Avena L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 79 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Macaronesia, Temp. Eurasia to Indian Subcontinent, N. Africa to Kenya. It grows primarily in the temperate biome.


Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Russia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Burundi, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Falkland Is., Fiji, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Great Britain, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Mali, Manitoba, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Society Is., South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yukon, Zimbabwe

Recorded in error in:



Heterotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 34 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 79 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 36 (1754)
  • Malzev in Bull. Appl. Bot. Gen. Pl. Br., Suppl. 38 (1930)
  • Sp. Pl.: 83 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1973 HDR. [s.n.] K000345084 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Bourgeau, E. [1038] Spain K000345083 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1973 de la Perraudière, H.R.L.T. [41] Spain K000345085 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1970 Balansa, B. [557] Algeria K000345124 Isotype Yes
Harrison, R. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002796973 Yes
Balansa, B. [89] Algeria K000345125 Unknown Type Material Yes
Balansa, B. [89] Algeria K000345126 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002796972 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3793] Nepal K001117225 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gerard, P. [Cat. no. 3793] India K001117226 Unknown Type Material Yes


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0