Capillipedium Stapf

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 169 (1917)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Eritrea to S. Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.

Descriptions

Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials; mostly rambling.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a delicate loose panicle bearing short, 1–5(8)-jointed racemes at the ends of capillary branches and branchlets; rhachis internodes and pedicels filiform, with a translucent longitudinal groove.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Sessile spikelet callus obtuse; inferior glume cartilaginous, broadly convex to slightly concave, acute or obtuse; superior lemma forming the hyaline base to its awn, entire; awn glabrous. Pedicelled spikelet male or neuter.
[FZ]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual (6), or perennial (11). Rhizomes absent (16), or elongated (1). Culms erect (7/14), or geniculately ascending (5/14), or decumbent (6/14), or rambling (1/14); slender (2/3), or weak (1/3); 15-75.77-300 cm long; firm (16), or woody (1); with prop roots (1/4), or rooting from lower nodes (4/4). Lateral branches lacking (2/8), or sparse (3/8), or ample (3/8), or suffrutescent (1/8). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (16), or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (1), or a ciliolate membrane (14), or a ciliate membrane (1), or a fringe of hairs (1). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (16), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath (1). Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (2); stiff (1), or firm (15), or flaccid (1). Leaf-blade midrib widened (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open (16), or contracted (1). Primary panicle branches not whorled (13), or whorled at lower nodes (3), or whorled at most nodes (1). Racemes bearing a triad of spikelets (5), or few fertile spikelets (14), or many spikelets (2); 1 fertile spikelets on each (6), or 2 fertile spikelets on each (9), or 3 fertile spikelets on each (12), or 4 fertile spikelets on each (8), or 5 fertile spikelets on each (5), or 6 fertile spikelets on each (3), or 7-8 fertile spikelets on each (1). Rhachis evident (16), or obsolete (4); tough (9), or fragile at the nodes (8); flattened (1/5), or subterete (4/5). Rhachis internodes indefinite (5/16), or filiform (1/16), or linear (9/16), or oblong (1/16). Spikelets in pairs (15), or in threes (6). Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster (15), or 2 in the cluster (6). Pedicels filiform (1), or linear (15), or narrowly elliptic (1); with a translucent median line (also present in internodes).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous (3/3). Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (2), or lanceolate (2), or elliptic (3), or oblong (11), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 1.66-3.641-8.4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent (5/14), or pilose (6/14), or bearded (3/14); base obtuse (15/15); attached transversely (14/14).
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous (3/3).
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (2), or lanceolate (2), or elliptic (3), or oblong (11), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 1.66-3.641-8.4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent (5/14), or pilose (6/14), or bearded (3/14); base obtuse (15/15); attached transversely (14/14).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear (1), or lanceolate (3), or elliptic (2), or oblong (11), or ovate (2); membranous (9), or chartaceous (7), or coriaceous (1); without keels (5), or 2-keeled (12); 5 -veined (1/11), or 7 -veined (4/11), or 8 -veined (1/11), or 9 -veined (5/11), or 10 -veined (1/11). Lower glume lateral veins obscure (1), or distinct (15), or prominent (1); intercarinal veins distinct (4/4). Lower glume surface flat (2), or concave (14), or with a longitudinal median groove (1); smooth (12), or asperulous (3), or scabrous (2); glabrous (11), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (4), or pilose (2), or villous (1). Lower glume apex entire (16), or erose (1); truncate (3/8), or obtuse (4/8), or acute (1/8). Upper glume lanceolate (10), or oblong (4), or ovate (7); chartaceous (6/6); with undifferentiated margins (16), or hyaline margins (1); 1-keeled; 3 -veined (12/12), or 4-5 -veined (1/12). Upper glume surface glabrous (15), or puberulous (1), or pilose (1). Upper glume apex acute (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren (16/16); without significant palea (16/16). Lemma of lower sterile floret linear (1/16), or lanceolate (1/16), or oblong (14/16); hyaline (16/16); 0 -veined (10/10); obtuse (1/1), or acute (1/1). Fertile lemma linear (16/16); hyaline (16/16); without keel (16/16); 0 -veined (1/14), or 1 -veined (13/14). Lemma apex acute (15/15); awned (16/16); 1 -awned (10/10). Principal lemma awn geniculate (15/16), or bigeniculate (1/16). Column of lemma awn glabrous (15/16), or pubescent (1/16). Palea present (1), or absent or minute (16); hyaline (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3 (16/16).
Distribution
Africa (1), or Temperate Asia (5), or Tropical Asia (16), or Australasia (2), or Pacific (2).
[GB]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades flat, sometimes aromatic; ligule membranous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a delicate panicle with elongated central axis and capillary branches bearing short racemes; racemes with 1–5(–8) sessile spikelets, without homogamous pairs at the base; internodes and pedicels linear, with a hyaline median line
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Sessile spikelet dorsally compressed; callus very short, rounded; lower glume broadly convex to slightly concave on the back, abruptly rounded on the flanks, without pits; lower floret reduced to a hyaline lemma; upper lemma entire, with a glabrous or puberulous awn Pedicelled spikelet usually well developed.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet dorsally compressed; callus very short, rounded; lower glume broadly convex to slightly concave on the back, abruptly rounded on the flanks, without pits; lower floret reduced to a hyaline lemma; upper lemma entire, with a glabrous or puberulous awn
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis oblong, slightly dorsally compressed
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelet usually well developed.
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0