Oxalis barrelieri L.

First published in Sp. Pl. ed. 2.: 624 (1762)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical America. It is a subshrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as a poison and a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
doradilla, flor de mar
[UNAL]

Oxalidaceae, Christine H. S. Kabuye  (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Erect branched herb, often woody at the base, 15–60 cm. high, densely leafy from the base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or fasciculate, pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, narrowed at both ends, glabrous above and hairy beneath; terminal leaflet the largest, 13–55 mm. long and 9–31 mm. wide, with a stalk up to 10 mm. long, the lateral ones 12–35 mm. long and 5–24 mm. wide, subsessile; petiole about as long as the terminal leaflet, tomentose and not widening into a stipule at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cymose, determinate at first, becoming bifid and indeterminate with branches up to20 mm. long, but sometimes contracted and umbelliform; peduncles axillary near ends of stem and branches, 4–7 cm. long; bracts linear, 1–1.5 mm. long, acute, pubescent; pedicels 2–5 mm. long, jointed at 1 mm. from the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals linear-lanceolate, 3.5–5 mm. long, acute, membranous, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, pink or purplish, with 2 yellow spots at the base, spathulate, cuneate, 7–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-tube 1.5 mm. long; long filaments dentate in the middle, puberulous; short filaments not dentate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary oblong, glabrous; styles longer than both stamen whorls, or intermediate between them in length and hirsute, or shorter and glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid to oblong, ending bluntly at each end, up to 11 mm. long and 4.5 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3 per locule, 2.5 mm. long, flattened, ± 4-angled, acuminate, rugose.
Habitat
In forest clearings, also a weed of roadsides and cultivated ground; 900–1220 m.
Distribution
T3 U4 probably introduced from tropical America and the West Indies
[FTEA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 30–1500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Caquetá, Casanare, Magdalena, Meta, Norte de Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 1500 m.; Amazonia, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor
[CPLC]

Uses

Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0