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This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa, Russian Far East to Tropical Asia and Pacific.
Miscanthus sacchariflorus

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Inflorescence a panicle (but subdigitate in Asia), often large and plumose, bearing numerous racemes on its branches; raceme rhachis tough with slender internodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets alike, paired, both pedicelled, lanceolate to narrowly oblong, barbate from the callus.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Inferior glume thinly coriaceous, broadly convex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Inferior floret represented by a hyaline lemma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Superior lemma entire or bidentate, with or without a short awn; stamens 2–3.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Tall tufted or rhizomatous perennials with erect culms
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades linear, flat, sometimes falsely petiolate or the whole blade terete; ligule scarious, ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence large, plumose, the central axis elongated and bearing crowded racemes on the primary branches, or very short with racemes almost digitate; raceme-rhachis not fracturing at maturity, bearing paired similar spikelets each supported on a pedicel
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets narrowly oblong to lanceolate, surrounded by an involucre of hairs from the callus; callus very short, truncate; glumes equal, as long as the spikelet, thinly coriaceous, the lower ± flattened on the back; lower floret reduced to a narrowly oblong, hyaline lemma; upper floret hermaphrodite; lemma lanceolate, hyaline, entire or finely bidentate, with or without a straight or geniculate awn; stamens 2–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis oblong to lanceolate.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes absent (7), or short (7), or elongated (3). Culms erect (15), or geniculately ascending (2); reed-like (1/2), or robust (1/2); 30-174.3-700 cm long; without nodal roots (1/1), or with prop roots (1/1). Culm-internodes terete (1/1). Lateral branches lacking (1/2), or sparse (1/2), or ample (1/2). Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (1), or a ciliolate membrane (15). Leaf-blades stiff (2), or firm (14). Leaf-blade midrib widened (2/2). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme (6), or composed of racemes (10). Panicle open (4/6), or contracted (1/6), or spiciform (2/6). Racemes digitate (8/10), or borne along a central axis (3/10); erect (1/10), or ascending (10/10), or drooping (3/10); bearing few fertile spikelets (2), or many spikelets (14); bearing 2-5 fertile spikelets on each (2/2). Rhachis angular (3/13), or subterete (10/13). Rhachis internodes indefinite (4), or filiform (12). Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; tip cupuliform (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (14), or oblong (2), or ovate (1), or obovate (1); dorsally compressed; 2-4.811-8 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pilose (1), or bearded (15); base truncate.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (14), or oblong (2), or ovate (1), or obovate (1); dorsally compressed; 2-4.811-8 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pilose (1), or bearded (15); base truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (8), or elliptic (2), or oblong (6); chartaceous (12), or herbaceous (1), or coriaceous (3); without keels (15), or 2-keeled (1); 0-2 -veined (1/14), or 3 -veined (6/14), or 4 -veined (3/14), or 5 -veined (7/14). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or obscure (3), or distinct (12); without ribs (14/15), or ribbed (1/15). Lower glume surface flat; smooth (15), or scabrous (2); glabrous (8), or puberulous (1), or pilose (6), or hirsute (1), or villous (3). Lower glume apex entire (11), or dentate (7); 2 -fid (7/7); emarginate (3/10), or truncate (3/10), or obtuse (1/10), or acute (1/10), or acuminate (3/10), or attenuate (1/10). Upper glume lanceolate (13), or elliptic (3); chartaceous (12/12); with undifferentiated margins (15), or membranous margins (1); without keels (12/15), or 1-keeled (3/15); 1 -veined (2/13), or 2 -veined (1/13), or 3 -veined (7/13), or 4 -veined (1/13), or 5 -veined (6/13). Upper glume primary vein eciliate (15), or ciliate (1). Upper glume surface smooth, or scabrous (1); glabrous (11), or pilose (6), or villous (2). Upper glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (8), or acuminate (6), or attenuate (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male (1), or barren; with palea (1), or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (6), or oblong (9), or ovate (1); hyaline; 0 -veined (5/15), or 1 -veined (7/15), or 3 -veined (3/15); obtuse (2/15), or acute (12/15), or acuminate (1/15). Fertile lemma lanceolate; hyaline; without keel; 0 -veined (2/14), or 1 -veined (13/14), or 2-3 -veined (1/14). Lemma surface glabrous (15), or pilose (1). Lemma margins eciliate (9), or ciliolate (3), or ciliate (4). Lemma apex entire (8), or dentate (8), or lobed (2); 2 -fid (10/10); incised 0.25-0.29-0.33 of lemma length; acuminate (1/1); muticous (5), or mucronate (3), or awned (12); 1 -awned (12/12). Principal lemma awn apical (6/14), or from a sinus (9/14); straight (8/14), or geniculate (7/14). Palea present (12), or absent or minute (5); 0.2-0.4622-0.66 length of lemma; hyaline (2/12), or membranous (10/12); 0 -veined (2/2); without keels (1/12), or 2-keeled (11/12). Palea surface glabrous (11/12), or pubescent (1/12).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2 (1/1); truncate (1/1). Anthers 2 (2/15), or 3 (13/15).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (2/2); lanceolate (1/3), or obovoid (2/3).
Distribution
Africa (3), or Temperate Asia (11), or Tropical Asia (6), or Australasia (2), or Pacific (2), or North America (1), or South America (1).

Native to:

Amur, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Free State, Gilbert Is., Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Philippines, Primorye, Sakhalin, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Austria, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Chile Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Egypt, Florida, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Italy, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Marianas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Poland, Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uruguay, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Miscanthus Andersson appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 12: 165 (1855)

Accepted by

  • (2020). oi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.29.226753 epublication.
  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Öfvers. Förh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. 1855: 165 (1856).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in Oefvers. Kon. Vet.-Akad. Förh. 1855: 165 (1856)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0