Genus:
Blumea DC.

Blumea cafra (DC.) O.Hoffm.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, Madagascar.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herb 0.2–1 m, unbranched or with few branches; stems dark reddish, sparsely pubescent, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves aromatic, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, 2–9 cm long, 0.4–2 cm wide, base wide, rounded and auriculate, margins serrate with callose teeth, apex acute or apiculate, pilose especially on margins and midrib (the hairs with ?glandular bases).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula 7–14 mm long, subglobose, in few-headed terminal corymbs; stalks of individual capitula 0.5–5 cm long, pubescent and glandular; phyllaries green with purple tips, many, narrowly triangular, 3–7 mm long, with narrow scarious margins, attenuate, pubescent and glandular; receptacle flat, areolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets pink, mauve or purplish; outer florets many (up to several hundred), tube filiform, 2.5–3.3 mm long, minutely lobed distally, the lobes < 0.1 mm long and occasionally with a hair or two; style 3–3.6 mm long, with glabrous branches; inner florets 30–40 with tube 2.8–4 mm long, widening gradually, sparsely pilose, lobes 0.4–0.5 mm long, pilose and glandular; anthers 1.5–1.8 mm long and short-tailed, with short apical appendages; style 4.2–4.6 mm long, with hairy branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes cylindrical, 0.7–0.9 mm long, pubescent; pappus of 5–8 bristles, 3–5 mm long.
Habitat
Damp sites like streambanks, dam shores, near springs, in ditches, and usually on sandy soils; 150–1750 m
Distribution
K1 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Blumea cafra (DC.) O.Hoffm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2013 Baron, R. [5237], Madagascar Doellia cafra K000273922 Yes
Drege [s.n.], Ethiopia Doellia cafra K000415397 isotype Yes
Krauss [227], South Africa Doellia cafra K000415398 Yes
Krauss [227], South Africa Doellia cafra K000415399 Yes
Wood, J.M. [1957], South Africa Doellia cafra K000415400 Yes

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 274 (1888)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 208 (1994).
  • Humbert, Fl. Madag. 189: 364, fig. 69/12-15 (1962).
  • O. Hoffm. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 10: 274 (1889), as caffra.
  • Randeria in Blumea 10: 286 (1960).
  • Wild in Kirkia 7: 126 (1968).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0