Calendula officinalis L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 921 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is W. Medit. It is an annual or biennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
botón de oro, caléndula, flor de muerto, maravilla, rosa amarilla común
[UNAL]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 1350 - 2800 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
[UPB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1350–2800 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 220 - 660 m.; Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Uses

Use Medicines Digestive System Disorders
Flowers - Used in liquid medicines for the treatment of gastritis (Cadena-González 2010).
Use Medicines Genitourinary System Disorders
Used in poultices as an emmenagogue (Lagos-López 2007, Cadena-González 2010). Stems and leaves - Used in liquid medicines or in baths to alleviate menstrual cramps (Cadena-González 2010).
Use Medicines Infections & Infestations
Stems and leaves - Used in liquid medicines or in baths in the treatment of skin infections (Cadena-González 2010).
Use Medicines Inflammation
Flowers - Used in liquid medicines and in topical medicacions to alleviate external and internal inflammation (Cadena-González 2010). Used in poultices as an anti-inflammatory (Cadena-González 2010, Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Injuries
Used in poultices as an antihemorrhagic agent (Lagos-López 2007). Used in poultices to promote healing (Lagos-López 2007, Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Muscular-Skeletal System Disorders
Used to alleviate muscle spasms (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Pain
Used in medicines to alleviate pain (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Poisonings
Used in liquid medicines (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Skin or Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue Disorders
Used as an antiseptic (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010). Used as an astringent (Lagos-López 2007, Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Common Marigold, Marigold, Pot Marigold
Spanish
Caléndula.

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/