Centaurea ammocyanus Boiss.

First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 109 (1849)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is E. Medit. to Iran and Arabian Peninsula. It is an annual and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. & Hind, D. J. N. (Eds). (2019). Flora of Iraq, Volume 6: Compositae.Kew Publishing

Morphology General Habit
Annual, slightly araneose-tomentose, primary stem usually very short, 1–3 cm long, several prostrate or ascending branches 10–30 cm long arising below the terminal capitulum, often further branched
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves spatulate to lanceolate in outline, undivided, pinnatilobed or sublyrate; median leaves lanceolate, entire or with few lobes or teeth; uppermost leaves linear- Ianceolate, inserted directly below capitulum and usually longer than involucre
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre ovoid, 10–12(–13) × 5–7(–8) mm; phyllaries in several series, green, inner often with a purple tinge in upper part, glabrous, only partly concealed by the appendages; appendages triangular, brown or blackish brown, decurrent, ciliate, cilia 5–7(–8) on each side, 1.5–2.5 mm long, appendage ending in a slender mucro 2–4 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Marginal florets slightly radiant; corollas rose-purple, Achenes 2.5 mm long, lateral hilum bearded; pappus 3–4 mm.
Ecology
Silty desert soils, sandy gravel and stony plains; alt. 200–650 m.
Distribution
Common in the Western Desert of Iraq, also quite common in the Southern Desert. Syria, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt (Sinai), Saudi Arabia, N Iran.
[FIQ]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images