Genus:
Perilla L.

Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Russian Far East to Pakistan.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Note
A native of the Himalaya, China and Indo-China, widely cultivated as an ornamental (purple form) and as a culinary and medicinal herb No specimens seen.
Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, green or purple, 0.3–1.5 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, broadly ovate to rotund, 50–130 × 30–100 mm, deeply toothed, laciniate or crisped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of lax one-sided raceme-like thyrses with verticils 2-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 3 mm long in flower, accrescent to 11 mm long in fruit, 2-lipped with posterior lip 3-toothed, anterior 2-toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 3–4 mm long, very weakly 2-lipped with 5 equal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, divergent.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Japan, Jawa, Khabarovsk, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Primorye, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Cambodia, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Romania, South Carolina, South European Russi, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Ukraine, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2012 Chanet [s.n.], China K000735943 No
Bretschneider, E.V. [577] K000929616 Yes
Forrest, G. [7871], China K000929612 Unknown type material Yes
Komarov, V.L. [1363], China K000929613 Yes
Carles, W.R. [733], China K000929617 Unknown type material Yes
Furuse, M. [9808], Japan K000509315 Yes
Bourne, F.S.A. [2], China K000929615 Unknown type material Yes
Terao, H. [1212], Japan K000509314 Yes
Ce-ming, T. [95859], China K000509316 Yes
Bohnhof, M.H. [207], Manchuria K000929614 Yes

First published in Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 277 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1995). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 7: 1-394. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae. Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Urziceanu, M. & al. (2020). Updated list of non-native ornamental plants in Romania. Contributii Botanice Universitatea "Babes-Bolyai" din Cluj-Napoca 55: 59-82.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1995). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 7: 1-394. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae. Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 14. Taxon 61: 1336-1345.
  • Urziceanu, M. & al. (2020). Updated list of non-native ornamental plants in Romania. Contributii Botanice Universitatea "Babes-Bolyai" din Cluj-Napoca 55: 59-82.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Jex-Blake, Gard. E. Afr., ed. 4: 267 (1957)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images