Araceae Juss.

Philodendron maximum K.Krause

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador to Brazil (Acre, Mato Grosso) and Bolivia.


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Ranges from Colombia (Vaupes) to Ecuador (Sucumbios, Orellana, Napo), Peru (Loreto, Pasco, Puno, San Martín, Ucayali), Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Pará) and Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz).
General Description
Hemiepiphyte, at 3–3.5 m high; JUVENILE PLANTS with stems yellow-green, moderately glossy, sheath broadly spreading; blades weakly glossy, slightly bicolorous; ADULT PLANTS with internodes semi-glossy, short, 2–4 cm long, (2–)6–9 cm diam., olive-green, flattened-ridged on one side; cataphylls persisting semi-intact, 35–49 cm diam., D-shaped with 2 raised marginal ribs (ribs acute), semiglossy, medium green, pink or tinged red at base, one side 1.3 cm wide, the other side 7 cm wide, persisting intact, dark brown, deciduous. LEAVES with petioles sharply D-or U-shaped with erect edges, medium to dark green and semiglossy, smooth, purple-spotted near base with faint purple ring at apex, somewhat spongy, (42–)85–134 cm long, terete, medium green, semiglossy, weakly dark short-lineate; 2.5–2.7 cm d. in middle, 1.5–1.7 cm diam. at apex; subterete in cross-section; blades narrowly ovate-sagittate to ovate-triangular-sagittate, (67–)109-165 cm long, 30-82(100) cm wide, 1.8 times longer than wide, the widest part at or somewhat above petiole attachment, subcoriaceous, abruptly acuminate at apex, deeply lobed at base, dark green and moderately glossy above, moderately paler and matte below; margin markedly undulate and weakly sinuate; posterior lobes directed toward the base and often turned inward, sometimes overlapping, 18–44(–56) cm long, 21–38 cm wide; sinus narrowly obovate to mitered or closed (17–)24–32(–40) cm deep; midrib flattened and slightly paler at base, obtusely flat-raised toward apex above, narrowly rounded and moderately paler, sparsely short dark green-lineate below; the major veins drying darker than surface on both sides; primary lateral veins (4–)5–8(–9) pair, arising from midrib at 65° angle, broadly convex and slightly paler above, convex and moderately paler, sometimes tinged purplish below; minor veins fine, moderately distinct, densely, darker than surface (but drying usually paler than surface), arising from midrib as well as from the primary lateral veins; basal veins 6–7 pair, 2–3 acroscopic, 4–5 basioscopic, 1st pair free or almost free to the base, 2nd pair sometimes free, 3rd and 4th(5th) fused, 12-16(–20) cm, the posterior rib naked, (2.0–)3.5-5 cm. INFLORESCENCES erect, 2(–6) per axil; peduncle 27-37 cm long, 1.5–2 cm diam. midway, medium to dark green, semiglossy, obscurely dark short-lineate, spreading-pendent with spathe semi-erect; spathe 17–25 cm long, 2.5–4 cm diam., matte, medium to dark green, slightly paler on blade outside, heavily reddish in tube and changing abruptly to white on blade, opening to slightly below middle at anthesis; the resin canals dark and conspicuous in tube; spadix 16–23.5 cm long; female portion creamy white with stigmas turning dark brown, 4.5–9 cm long in front, 2.7–6.0 cm in rear, 2.5–2.7 cm diam. midway, 1.9–2.2 cm at apex; male part 11–14 cm long; the sterile portion 7 mm long, 1.8–2.0 cm diam., middle of fertile part 1.6–1.8 cm diam. INFRUCTESCENCE with berries with pungent scent, yellowish brown to yellow.
Tropical moist forest and Tropical wet forest life zones. The species frequently grows in the old leaf bases on palms, especially Attalea phalerata (“palmera de motocú”)

Native to:

Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Ecuador, Peru

Philodendron maximum K.Krause appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Ule, E. [9229], Brazil K000434544 Unknown type material Yes
Ule, E. [9229], Brazil K000434545 Unknown type material Yes

First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 23Db: 49 (1913)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


CATE Araceae

  • Croat, T.B. & Dodson, T. 2007.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.