Trichocladus Pers.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Hamamelidaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, mostly with conspicuous stellate indumentum
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or opposite, simple, usually entire but ± toothed in one species; stipules small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in dense terminal or axillary round heads, hermaphrodite or sometimes only ♀
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube shallow or campanulate, sometimes adnate to the ovary, lobes (3–)4–5, broadly triangular, valvate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5 or often absent in ♀ flowers, linear-spathulate, much longer than the calyx, often free at base, valvate or slightly imbricate, at first sometimes rolled up or folded in the bud, later sometimes with revolute margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as many as the petals; filaments usually shorter than the anthers, turbinate or obpyramidal; anthers opening by valves, mostly beaked; staminodes absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary inferior to almost superior, 2-locular; ovules pendulous, solitary in each cell
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, (l–)2-locular, 2-valved, but appearing 4-valved at apex after dehiscence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid or ovoid-oblong, the hilum divided into 2 areas extending from proximal end of the seed on each side; embryo large, the cotyledons well developed.

[FZ]

Hamamelidaceae, E. J. Mendes & M. P. Vidigal. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen trees or shrubs, mostly with conspicuous stellate indumentum.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or alternate, ovate-cordate to oblong, usually entire, sometimes peltate at the base, petiolate; stipules linear or subulate, inconspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in small dense terminal or axillary capitula or spikes, bisexual or sometimes female only.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube adnate to the base of the gynoecium; calyx-lobes 4–5, valvate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5, linear-spathulate, greatly exceeding the calyx, with margins revolute, usually valvate, stated to be absent from female flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as many as and alternating with the petals; filaments short and thick; anthers basifixed, usually mucronate or beaked, opening by lateral valves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary inferior to almost superior; styles 2, free, often recurved, persistent; ovules 1 in each loculus, apical, pendulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a woody loculicidally 2-valved capsule, with bony and elastic endocarp which in dehiscence separates from the epicarp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid to oblong-ovoid, with a large apical hilar area; cotyledons large; endosperm scanty.

Native to:

Angola, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Trichocladus Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Syn. Pl. 2: 597 (1807)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Syn. Pl. 2: 597 (1807).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Breitenbach, Indig. Trees S. Afr.: 240 (1965)
  • Hutch. in K.B. 1933: 427–430 (1933)
  • Syn. 2: 597 (1807)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0