Harungana Lam.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

[FTEA]

Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, entire, furnished with opaque glandular dots and stellate or dendroid indumentum
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal cymose panicle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, furnished with glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ± villous within, furnished with glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens in 5 bundles opposite the petals, few in each bundle, with the upper part of the filaments free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes fleshy, scale-like, alternating with the staminal bundles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 5-locular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 5, ± free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules 2 (3) per loculus, basal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe with 5 pyrenes adhering to form a spherical mass
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds cylindric, curved.

[FZ]

Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate, entire, with opaque glandular dots and stellate or dendroid indumentum.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal corymbose panicle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, glanduliferous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, ± villous within, glanduliferous, sometimes with swollen nectariferous tissue at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Androecium of 5 fascicles of stamens with few stamens in each fascicle, with the filaments fused for most of their length, and with 5 fleshy scale-like fasciclodes alternating with the fascicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 5-locular; styles 5, free or united at the base; ovules 2 (3) per loculus, basal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe with 5 pyrenes cohering to form a spherical mass.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds cylindric, curved.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Réunion

Harungana Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Tabl. Encycl. 2: t. 645 (1796)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Tab. Encyc. Méth. Bot. t. 645 (1797).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Tabl. Encycl. Méth. Bot.: t. 645 (1797).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bamps in B.J.B.B. 36: 453 (1966)
  • Encycl. Méth. Pl. de Bot., t. 645 (1797)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0