Cosmos sulphureus Cav.

First published in Icon. 1: 56 (1791)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Central America. It is an annual and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is has environmental uses, as a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cadillo, correo
[UNAL]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 0.3–1.2 m high; stem 4-gonous, pubescent to glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate in outline, deeply dissected, 5–15 cm long and 4–8 cm wide, the segments 2–5 mm wide, glabrous; petiole absent or to 3 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary and terminal; peduncle 2–22 cm long; involucre with phyllaries 5–12 mm long; paleae 9–10 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray florets 7–10, rich orange or sulphur yellow, 18–30 mm long; disc florets orange-yellow, 7–9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes blackish, 16–28 mm long, the beak 6–9 mm long; pappus of 2(–3) retrorsely barbed aristae 4–7 mm long.
Figures
Fig. 173 (page 809).
Habitat
oadsides, waste ground; 0–1650 m
Distribution
originally from Mexico but a widespread weed in tropical Africa K3 K5 K7 T6 T7 T8 U4
[FTEA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 540–540 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Chocó, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 540 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Uses

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0