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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An erect branched herb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Heads 1/2-2/3 in. long on rather long peduncles drooping in flower, erect in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets usually bright purple, but occasionally white, pink or blue
Ecology
A common weed of disturbed ground.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 20–150 cm tall, erect; stems green striate with purple, densely to sparsely pubescent or setulose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, obovate, oblanceolate, elliptic or lanceolate, rarely ovate, unlobed or (especially the upper) lyrato-pinnately or pinnately 2–8-lobed, 1.2–20 cm long, 0.5–7.5 cm wide, cuneate or attenuate into an exauriculate petioloid base or (especially the upper) sessile, margins remotely sinuate-denticulate to coarsely sinuate-serrate, apex rounded to obtuse or acute, scattered-pubescent at least on veins beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula 1–8, long-stalked, usually at first nodding then ± erect, but sometimes erect throughout, discoid; stalks of the individual capitula ± pubescent and purplish-tinged; involucre cylindrical, 8–13 mm long, 2.5–8 mm in diameter; bract of calyculus 5–23, purplish or dark green with purple tips, lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, 3–6(–8) mm long, glabrous or ciliate; phyllaries 13–25, commonly 21 or 13, pale green to green, often tinged purple especially towards the apex and purple-tipped, 7.5–12 mm long, glabrous or sparsely shortly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Disc florets blue, purple or mauve, less often pink or red; corolla 6.2–10.5 mm long, tube glabrous, gradually expanded in upper third, lobes 0.4–1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 2–2.5 mm long, ribbed, hairy or shortly so in the grooves; pappus 7–12 mm long.
Habitat
Grassland or swampy to muddy sites in the woodland zone or woodland, but usually in disturbed situations such as waste ground or in cultivations; may be locally common; (1–)800–2500 m
Distribution
K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Assam, China South-Central, Myanmar, Thailand

Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) S.Moore appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2012 Cheek, M. [9763], Cameroon K000746928
Dec 1, 2012 Etuge, M. [2254], Cameroon K000746918
Dec 1, 2012 Pollard, B.J. [55], Cameroon K000746926
Dec 1, 2012 Etuge, M. [3508], Cameroon K000746927
Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13558], Cameroon K000518730
Feb 1, 2008 Ambriansyah, A. et al. [3055], Indonesia K000512312
Mar 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [451], Cameroon K000746670
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1674], Cameroon K000108765
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9467], Cameroon K000108770
Jan 1, 1987 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [10698], Cameroon K000052398
Aug 1, 1948 Maitland, T.D. [1769], Cameroon K000052412
Jul 22, 1948 Gossweiler, J. [1202], Angola K001307387
Jul 1, 1948 Maitland, T.D. [1466], Cameroon K000052410
Wild, H. [27319], Zimbabwe 10650.000
Bullock, A.A. [3794], Zambia 12296.000
Wild, H. [27318], Zimbabwe 3355.000
Malawi 4741.000
Wild, H. [3010], Zimbabwe 8655.000
Adams, C.D. [GC 11239], Cameroon K000052405
Tamajong, S. [FHI 26892], Cameroon K000052404
Hepper, F.N. [1992], Cameroon K000052407
Bauer, P.J. [93], Cameroon K000052401
Maitland, T.D. [1482], Cameroon K000052411
Lightbody, J.S. [FHI 26269], Cameroon K000052399
Bauer, P.J. [128], Cameroon K000052403
Harris, T. [190], Mozambique K000613265
Bauer, P.J. [94], Cameroon K000052402
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28446], Cameroon K000052406
Bauer, P.J. [92], Cameroon K000052400

First published in J. Bot. 50: 212 (1912)

Accepted by

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in J. Bot. 50: 212 (1912).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in Fl. Masc. 109: 157, t. 52 (1993).
  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 41: 907 (1986).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 21 (1956).
  • Lisowski, Aster. Fl. Afr. Centr. 2: 350, t. 78 (1991).
  • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 650 (1985).
  • S.Moore in Journal of Botany 50: 212 (1912).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0