Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, Ethiopia to S. Africa.
Hesperantha coccinea

[FTEA]

Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Perennials with small corms with woody to coriaceous tunics
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few-several, the lower 2-3 membranous and entirely sheathing (cataphylls), foliage leaves lanceolate to linear (rarely terete), the blades plane or sometimes with raised margins and midrib
Morphology Stem
Stem simple or occasionally branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike; bracts green or membranous to dry apically, the inner smaller than the outer and bicarinate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, hypocrateriform (zygomorphic in one South African SPECIES), usually white or pink and frequently closed in the day and opening in the evening; tepals united in a cylindric or curved tube, subequal, spread horizontally or cupped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments straight, exserted (included in a few South African SPECIES and unilateral in one); anthers facing inwards or articulated on the filaments and horizontal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style usually dividing at the mouth of the tube (or within the tube in a few South African SPECIES), the branches long and spreading, stigmatic along the entire length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules broadly ovoid to cylindric, sometimes dehiscing only in the upper third
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, subglobose to angular, sometimes lightly winged on the angles.

[FZ]

Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with small corms, aerial parts dying back annually; corms with woody to coriaceous tunics.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few to several, the lower 2–3 membranous and entirely sheathing (cataphylls); foliage leaves lanceolate to linear (rarely terete), the blades plane or sometimes with raised margins and midrib.
Morphology Stem
Stem simple or occasionally branched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike; floral bracts green, or membranous to dry apically, the inner smaller than the outer and bicarinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually white or pink, usually closed in the day and opening in the evening; actinomorphic, hypocraterifonn (zygomorphic in one South African species); tepals united in a straight or curved perianth tube, subequal, patent-spreading or cup-shaped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually symmetrically arranged; filaments straight (included within the perianth in a few South African species and unilateral in one); anthers facing inwards or articulated on the filaments and horizontal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style usually dividing at the mouth of the perianth tube (or within the tube in a few South African species); style branches long and spreading, stigmatic along the entire length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules broadly ovoid to cylindric, sometimes dehiscing only in the upper third.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, subglobose to angular, sometimes lightly winged on the angles.

[FZ]

Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with short rhizome-like rootstocks, aerial parts dying back annually.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves several, narrowly lanceolate, plane.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, usually unbranched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a distichous spike; floral bracts herbaceous, the inner smaller than the outer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, hypocrateriform; tepals united in a long cylindrical perianth tube, subequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens symmetrically arranged, the filaments exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, style dividing at the mouth of the perianth tube; style branches filiform, long and spreading, stigmatic along their entire length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules membranous, oblong to globose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous per locule, more or less angular.

Native to:

Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

South Australia, Western Australia

Hesperantha Ker Gawl. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 224 (1804)

Accepted by

  • Cooke, D.A. (1986). Flora of Australia 46: i-xii, 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 348.
  • Ker-Gawl. in Kon. & Sims, Ann. Bot. 1: 224 (1804)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Goldblatt in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 135 (1986).
  • in Ann. Bot. (Konig & Sims) 1: 224 (1804).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Goldblatt in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 135 (1986)
  • in Ann. Bot. (Konig & Sims) 1: 224 (1804)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0