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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit., Tropical African Mountains to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.
Romulea clusiana

[FZ]

Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with small globose corms, aerial parts dying back annually; corms with woody to firm membranous tunics.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few to several, the lower 2–3 entirely sheathing (cataphylls), green, membranous or firm; foliage leaves basal, 1-several, more or less filiform with the margins and raised midribs often transversely winged, the blade thus terete with 4 longitudinal grooves, occasionally the leaves nearly plane with margins and midrib slightly thickened or only the margins thickened and winged.
Morphology Stem
Stem short, aerial, or subterranean and becoming aerial in fruiting plants, simple or branching above or below the ground.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, cupulate (hypocrateriform in a few South African species), variously coloured, often yellow in the centre; tepals united in a short to long perianth tube, subequal, usually spreading above. Flowers solitary and terminal, sessile, subtended by 2 opposed bracts; floral bracts green, often the margins membranous and pale or ferrugineous, occasionally the inner bract entirely dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens symmetrically disposed; filaments erect, more or less contiguous, sometimes united; anthers diverging or contiguous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, style dividing at or above the level of the anthers; style branches short, usually divided for half their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many per locule, more or less globose or lightly angled, hard, glossy or matt.

[FTEA]

Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Perennials with small globose corms with woody to cartilaginous or papery tunics
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few-several, the lower 2-3 entirely sheathing (cataphylls), membranous or firm and green, foliage leaves all basal, 1-several, linear to ± filiform, the margins and midribs raised and often winged, thus with 2 narrow longitudinal grooves on each surface, the blade oval to terete in transverse section with 2 sinuses on each surface between the margin and the midrib, occasionally nearly plane with lightly thickened margins and midrib
Morphology Stem
Stem short, aerial or subterranean, sometimes above ground in fruit, simple or branched, the branching usually below the ground
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of solitary flowers terminal on the peduncles, the flowers each subtended by 2 opposed bracts; bracts green, often the margins membranous to scarious and pale or ferrugineous, occasionally the inner bract entirely dry
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, cupulate (hypocrateriform in a few South African SPECIES), variously coloured, often yellow in the centre; tepals united in a short to long tube, subequal, usually ascending below and spreading above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments erect, ± contiguous, sometimes united; anthers diverging or contiguous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid, style dividing at or above the level of the anthers, the branches short, usually divided for half their length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds several per locule, ± globose or lightly angled, hard, glossy or matt.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennials with small globose corms with woody to cartilaginous or papery tunics
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few to several, the lower 2–3 entirely sheathing (cataphylls), membranous or firm and green, foliage leaves all basal, 1–several, linear to ± filiform, the margins and midribs raised and often winged, thus with 2 narrow to longitudinal grooves on each surface, the blade oval to terete in transverse section with 2 sinuses on each surface between the margin and the midrib, occasionally nearly plane with lightly thickened margins and midrib
Morphology Stem
Stem short, aerial or subterranean, sometimes above ground in fruit, simple or branched, the branching usually below the ground
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of solitary flowers terminal on the peduncles, the flowers each subtended by 2 opposed bracts; bracts green, often the margins membranous to scarious and pale or ferrugineous, occasionally the inner bract dry entirely
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers regular, usually cup-shaped, variously coloured, often yellow in the centre; tepals united in a short to long tube, subequal, usually ascending below and spreading above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments erect, ± adjoining, sometimes united; anthers diverging or adjoining
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid, style dividing at or above the level of the anthers, the branches short, usually divided for half their length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds lightly angled, hard, glossy or matte.
Distribution
Some 120 species in Africa, southern Europe and the Middle East, centred in the SW Cape, and with a secondary centre in the western Mediterranean Basin.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Palestine, Portugal, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

California, Chile Central, New South Wales, South Australia, St.Helena, Tasmania, Tristan da Cunha, Victoria, Western Australia

Romulea Maratti appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Esseiva, Lebanon 35118.000

First published in Pl. Romul. Saturn.: 13 (1772)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Diss. Romul. et Saturn. Romae 13, t. 1 (1772)
  • F.T.A. 7: 344. Nom. cons.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Pl. Romul. Saturn.: 13, t. 1 (1772) nom. conserv.
  • de Vos in J. S. African Bot., Suppl. 9: 49 (1972)
  • in Fl. Southern Africa 7, 2(2): 10 (1983).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by I. Nordal [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • M.P. de Vos in Journ. S. Afr. Bot., Suppl. 9 (1972)
  • Pl. Romul. Saturn.: 13, t. 1 (1772), nom. conserv .

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0