Monodora Dunal

First published in Monogr. Anonac.: 79 (1817)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & S. Africa.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing, glabrous or with simple hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Sepals valvate, free, shorter than petals. Petals 6, in 2 whorls of 3, valvate, all united at the base, usually with crisped or undulate margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels several, united into a 1-celled ovary with numerous ovules; stigmas sessile, radiating
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit syncarpous, with numerous seeds; pericarp leathery or woody.
Distribution
Genus of some 15 species confined to tropical Africa.
[FSOM]

Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling, glabrous or with simple hairs, with young shoots which frequently blacken and become brittle on drying.
Morphology General Buds
Buds ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual, solitary or more rarely paired or in few-flowered cymes, terminal or extra-axillary or in the axils of fallen leaves, pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracteole solitary, usually amplexicaul, persistent, often foliaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3, valvate, much shorter than the petals, free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 6, in two unequal whorls, both valvate, all united at the base, often with undulate margins, the outer ones broad at the base, usually spreading or reflexed, the inner ones ± unguiculate, usually connivent at the apices or erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens ?, oblong or cuneiform to ± orbicular, with thecae extrorse, and connective-prolongation thickened; filaments absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels several, united to form a 1-locular globose or conic ovary with parietal placentation and numerous ovules; stigmas sessile, radiating.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a coriaceous or ligneous berry, globose to ellipsoid or obovoid, many-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds irregularly arranged, shining; aril absent.
[FZ]

Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling, glabrous or with simple hairs; young stems often glaucous, frequently drying black as do the young leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary or less often in 2–few-flowered cymes, terminal or extra-axillary or on shoots from which leaves have fallen, pedicellate, sometimes very conspicuously so; bracteole single, often large and leafy, usually amplexicaul, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3, valvate, free, shorter than the petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 6 in 2 whorls of 3, both valvate, unequal, all united at the base, very often with markedly crisped or undulate margins, the outer broad at the base, usually spreading or curved, inner ± clawed, often with the apices connivent at the tips until flower is very mature
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, oblong, cuneiform or almost globose; filaments absent; anther-cells extrorse; connective-prolongation thickened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels several, united into a conical or globose 1-celled ovary with numerous ovules and parietal placentation; stigmas sessile, radiating
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit syncarpous, globose, ellipsoid or obovoid, with numerous seeds and leathery or woody pericarp
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds irregularly arranged, mostly shining brown; aril absent.
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0