Ocimum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 597 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics.

Distribution

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Aruba, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Christmas I., Cook Is., East Aegean Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Hawaii, Illinois, Inner Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Line Is., Marquesas, Mongolia, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New York, Niue, Primorye, Romania, Samoa, Society Is., South Australia, South European Russi, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Ukraine, Wallis-Futuna Is., Xinjiang

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 334.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Paton & al. in Holm & Hiltunen, Medicinal and aromatic plants - industrial profiles: 1–38 (1999).
  • Paton in Kew Bull. 47: 403–435 (1992)
  • Paton in Kew Bull. 50: 199–242 (1995)
  • Sebald in Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A 419: 1–74 (1988)
  • Sebald in Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A 437: 1–63 (1989)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 259 (1754)
  • Holm & Hiltunen, Ocimum: 1–38 (1999)
  • K.B. 49: 403–435 (1992)
  • K.B. 60: 24–31(2005)
  • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 260 (2004)
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 597 (1753)
  • Sp. Pl.: 597 (1753)

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Becium Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 28: t. 42 (1842).
  • Erythrochlamys Gürke, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 222 (1894).
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 259 (1754)
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Hyperaspis Briq., Bull. Herb. Boissier, II, 3: 975 (1903).
  • Nautochilus Bremek., Ann. Transvaal Mus. 15: 252 (1933).
  • Ocimum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 597 (1753)
  • Orthosiphon sect. Serrati Ashby (1938).
  • Orthosiphon subgenus Nautochilus (Brem.) L.E.Codd (1964).
  • Paton, Harley & Harley in Holm & Hiltunen (eds.). Ocimum. Medicinal and Aromatic plants - industrial profiles: 1-38 (1999), Harwood Academic, Amsterdam, rev.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 4, 2023 Mula Boene, H.; Banze, A.; Silva, P.; Malate, Z.; Fumo, F. [HM034] Mozambique K009001515 No
Jul 5, 2012 de Carvalho, A.M. [3779] Brazil K000735037 Yes
Jan 1, 2012 Cheng, S.K., et al. [CL1339] Cambodia K000735617 No
Jan 1, 2012 Luke, W.R.Q. [10857] Kenya K000735482 No
Jan 1, 2010 Madulid, D.A.; Reynoso [27331] Philippines K000897243 No
Jan 1, 2009 Balick, M.J. [2112] Belize K000248473 No
Jan 1, 2008 Schinini, A. [30110] Argentina K000248260 No
Jan 1, 2008 Leteinturier, B. [167] Zambia K000509734 No
Jan 1, 2008 Schinini, A. [30043] Argentina K000248261 No
Jan 1, 2007 Jones, B.L. [203] Malaysia K000897323 No
Jan 1, 2002 Bateson, G. [136] Papua New Guinea K000897221 No
Jan 1, 2002 Schiefenhoevel, W. [162] Papua New Guinea K000897239 No
Jan 1, 2002 Carr, C.E. [16214] Papua New Guinea K000897222 No
Jan 1, 2002 Millar, A.N.; Vandenberg, J. [NGF40930] Papua New Guinea K000897223 No
Jan 1, 1996 Jibrin Sibil [199] Malaysia K000897326 No
Jan 1, 1996 Jibrin Sibil [254] Malaysia K000897325 No
Jan 1, 1996 Jusimin Duaneh [344] Malaysia K000897322 No
Jan 1, 1996 Kadir [A2582] Malaysia K000897324 No
Jan 1, 1992 Schimper [1599] Ethiopia K000347083 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Hooker, J.D. [121] Cabo Verde K001134371 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Quartin-Dillon; Petit [s.n.] Ethiopia K000347081 Isosyntype Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Quartin-Dillon; Petit [s.n.] Ethiopia K000347082 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Kotschy [263] Sudan K000347079 Isosyntype Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Cole, E. [s.n.] Somalia K000347080 Type Yes
Jul 1, 1990 Greenway, P.J. [10855] Kenya K000347058 Type Yes
Jul 1, 1990 Johnston, H.H. [187] Tanzania K000347061 Type Yes
Jul 1, 1990 Johnston, H.H. [s.n.] K000347060 Type Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2713] K001116898 Unknown Type Material Yes
Craven, L.A.; Schodde, R. [1412] Papua New Guinea K000897210 No
Millar, A.N. [NGF35445] Papua New Guinea K000897225 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2713] K001116893 Unknown Type Material Yes
Richards, H.M. [11595] Tanzania K000434803 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2717] India K001116921 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thulin, M.; Warfa, A.M. [4457] Somalia K001571965 Yes
Richards, H.M. [7277] Tanzania K000434802 No
India K:SPC-35331.000 No
Newbould, J.; Jefford, T.G. [2102] Tanzania K000434801 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2713] K001116892 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2717] K001116924 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2713] Malaysia K001116891 Unknown Type Material Yes
Daniels [6926] Papua New Guinea K000897219 No
Manjato, M.; Rakotonirina, N.; Razakamalala, R.; Ravalimanarivo, N. [687] Madagascar K001890504 No
Gillespie [329] Kenya K:SPC-23750.000 No
Mueller, F.J.H.v. [s.n.] Australia K000911676 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thomson [s.n.] Tanzania K000347102 Type Yes
Mueller, F.J.H.v. [s.n.] Australia K000911678 Unknown Type Material Yes
Andrews, P.; Bamford, M.; Njau, E.; Leliyo, G. [EN 645] Tanzania K001769002 Yes
Wieringa, J.J. [1153] Gabon K001634279 Yes
Bateson, G. [55] Papua New Guinea K000897224 No
Floyd, A. [3509] Papua New Guinea K000897226 No
Carr, C.E. [11606] Papua New Guinea K000897218 No
Romero, E.M.; Chavez, R.V. [29066] Philippines K000897244 No
Mueller, F.J.H.v. [s.n.] Australia K000911677 Unknown Type Material Yes
Merrill, E.D. [437] Philippines K000897246 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2713] India K001116896 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mann, E.B. [NGF43339] Papua New Guinea K000897209 No
Volkens, G. [756] Tanzania K000347062 Type Yes
Gilbert; Gilbert K:SPC-60210.000 No
Williams, R.S. [2709] Philippines K000897245 No
Branderhorst, B. [240] Indonesia K000897208 No
Whitfield, B.W. Sudan K:SPC-16944.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2713] India K001116897 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kenya K000347101 Syntype Yes
Richards, H.M. [11698] Tanzania K000434804 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2717] India K001116923 Type Yes
Richards, H.M. [s.n.] Tanzania K000434805 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2713] K001116895 Unknown Type Material Yes
Brass, L.J. [1187] Papua New Guinea K000897220 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2717] India K001116922 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2717] India K001116925 Unknown Type Material Yes
Pawek, J. [10492] Malawi K000347040 Type Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2713] K001116894 Unknown Type Material Yes
Ash [985] Ethiopia Becium K:SPC-37006.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [8196] Tanzania Becium K:SPC-25405.000 No
Gillespie, J.B. [330] Kenya Becium K:SPC-25078.000 No
Ash [1636] Ethiopia Becium K:SPC-35569.000 No
Chancellor, R.J. [256] Uganda Becium K:SPC-02730.000 No
Ash [772] Ethiopia Becium K:SPC-37007.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [8021] Tanzania Becium K:SPC-25446.000 No
Troupin, G. [4805] Rwanda Becium K:SPC-01232.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [8112] Tanzania Becium K:SPC-27331.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [8414] Tanzania Becium K:SPC-25452.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [7899] Tanzania Becium K:SPC-25417.000 No
Chancellor, R.J. [297] Uganda Becium K:SPC-02731.000 No
Greenway, P.J. [11,003] Tanzania Becium K:SPC-26820.000 No
Greenway, P.J. [10638] Tanzania Becium K:SPC-25917.000 No

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/