Genus:
Gynura Cass.

Gynura pseudochina (L.) DC.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Indo-China, Jawa.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb 0.4–1 m high, with unpleasant musky smell; tuberous rootstock, the tubers to 10 cm long and up to 5 cm across; stems ± fleshy, with leaves in rosette or leafy to half their length, ± pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves slightly fleshy, green or purplish, the basal leaves ovate or spatulate, 4–22 cm long, 2.5–11 cm wide, attenuate into a petioloid base, margins ± entire, apex obtuse; middle and upper leaves narrower, elliptic, obovate or narrowly obovate, lobed to pinnatisect, 6–25 cm long, 2–7 cm wide, base clasping the stem in the uppermost leaves, margins 1–6-lobed, the lobes toothed or lobed; all leaves pubescent or glabrous, glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula terminal, 2–3 together, erect; involucre campanulate, 8–13 mm long, 13–15 mm in diameter; bracts of calyculus 1–3 mm long; phyllaries 10–16, (6–)8–13 mm long, pubescent and sometimes glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets orange or yellow, corolla 9–12.5 mm long, expanded in upper part, lobes 0.9–1.7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 3 mm long, pubescent or glabrous; pappus 7–11 mm long.
Habitat
Boggy grassland, black cotton soil, often with Acacia drepanolobium, less often in bushed grassland or secondary woodland; 0–1800 m
Distribution
K1 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 Sierra Leone to Congo (Kinshasa), Burundi, Ethiopia, Somalia, Angola, Zambia, Malawitropical Asia

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A perennial rather succulent herb with straggling leafy stems 2-4 ft. high from a mass of hard tubers
Morphology Stem
Stems and leaves pale green, crisped-pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very variable, the lowest usually being deeply pinnatifid, but the upper often only toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets orange-brown or rarely yellow in rather broad heads up to 3/4 in. long
Ecology
In rocky hill grassland or planted near villages for medicinal purposes.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Hainan, India, Jawa, Malawi, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre

Gynura pseudochina (L.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2008 Harvey, Y.B. [325], Cameroon K000518710 No
Jan 1, 2007 Festo, L. [2691], Kenya K000197182 No
Jan 1, 2007 Festo, L. [2710], Kenya K000197183 No
Jan 1, 2007 Watt, G. [6834], India K000843783 Yes
Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [521], Cameroon K000746675 No
Gossweiler, J. [3638], Angola K000377682 Yes
Brunt, M.A. [183], Cameroon K000052352 No
Bauer, P.J. [43], Cameroon K000052354 No
Brunt, M.A. [275], Cameroon K000052355 No
Welwitsch [3595], Angola K000377683 Yes
Morton, J.K. [K 193], Cameroon K000052356 No
s.coll. [2333] K000843782 isotype Yes
Hepper, F.N. [2066], Cameroon K000052353 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3159] Cacalia sagittaria K001118661 Yes

First published in Prodr. 6: 299 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Singh, N.P. & al. (eds.) (2002). Flora of Mizoram 1: 1-845. Botanical Survey of India.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Singh, N.P. & al. (eds.) (2002). Flora of Mizoram 1: 1-845. Botanical Survey of India.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 225 (1994).
  • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: fig. 366 (1987).
  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 41: 930 (1986).
  • DC., Prodr. 6: 299 (1838).
  • F.G. Davies in Kew Bulletin 33: 638 (1979).
  • Lisowski, Aster. Fl. Afr. Centr. 2: 432 (1991).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

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