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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Mongolia.
Ziziphora persica

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, aromatic
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± entire, subsessile to shortly petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 2-12-flowered verticillasters, of sessile or pedunculate cymes in axils of leaf-like bracts, forming a terminal, spiciform or capituliform thyrse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts patent or imbricate, ± conspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers shortly pedicellate, pedicels sometimes flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± actinomorphic, 5-lobed (± 3/2), lobes triangular, posterior lobes shorter than straight or curved anterior lobes, calyx-tube cylindrical, sometimes curved, gibbous below, 13-nerved, accrescent, throat bearded, closed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, ± 4-lobed (1/3), white, rose-red or purple, posterior lip rounded, sometimes emarginate, straight, anterior lobes ± rounded, corolla-tube cylindrical, short, sometimes scarcely exserted from calyx, exannulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, (posterior pair staminodal or absent), anterior pair ascending under posterior corolla lip, exserted from tube, anthers often cohering at margins, with fertile theca ellipsoidal, divaricate, becoming confluent, or often dimidiate, lower theca s
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc symmetrical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ovoid to trigonous, smooth or granulate.
Note
2n = 12, 16, 18, 24, 32, 36.  About 20 species
Distribution
In Southern Europe, Northwestern Africa and Asia to Himalayas and Altai mountains.
Ecology
Open, usually xeric habitats.

[LKGF]
Use
Aromatic and medicinal plants used as flavouring and as source of essential oils.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Bulgaria, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mongolia, Morocco, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Romania, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Italy

Ziziphora L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 21 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Faldermannia Trautv., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 6: 185 (1840)., (1839).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Hedge, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 23: 209-221 (1961)
  • Rechinger f., Fl. Iranica 150: 480 (1982), rev. reg.
  • Ziziphora L., Sp. Pl. 1: 21 (1753)
  • Zwingeria Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 59 (1759).

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0