Ziziphora L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 21 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Medit. to Mongolia.

Descriptions

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, aromatic
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± entire, subsessile to shortly petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 2-12-flowered verticillasters, of sessile or pedunculate cymes in axils of leaf-like bracts, forming a terminal, spiciform or capituliform thyrse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts patent or imbricate, ± conspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers shortly pedicellate, pedicels sometimes flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± actinomorphic, 5-lobed (± 3/2), lobes triangular, posterior lobes shorter than straight or curved anterior lobes, calyx-tube cylindrical, sometimes curved, gibbous below, 13-nerved, accrescent, throat bearded, closed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, ± 4-lobed (1/3), white, rose-red or purple, posterior lip rounded, sometimes emarginate, straight, anterior lobes ± rounded, corolla-tube cylindrical, short, sometimes scarcely exserted from calyx, exannulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, (posterior pair staminodal or absent), anterior pair ascending under posterior corolla lip, exserted from tube, anthers often cohering at margins, with fertile theca ellipsoidal, divaricate, becoming confluent, or often dimidiate, lower theca s
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc symmetrical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ovoid to trigonous, smooth or granulate.
Note
2n = 12, 16, 18, 24, 32, 36.  About 20 species
Distribution
In Southern Europe, Northwestern Africa and Asia to Himalayas and Altai mountains.
Ecology
Open, usually xeric habitats.
[LKGF]

Uses

Use
Aromatic and medicinal plants used as flavouring and as source of essential oils.
[LKGF]

Sources

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0