Puccinellia groenlandica T.J.Sørensen

First published in Meddel. Grønland 136(3): 37 (1953)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Greenland. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the subalpine or subarctic biome.

Descriptions

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending; 40-65 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; 20-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; 2-3 -nate. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1.5-2 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 2-3 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex erose; obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 3-3.5 mm long; membranous; much thinner above; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure; stopping well short of apex. Lemma apex erose; obtuse. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous; ciliate; adorned as to hairs below. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 1.1-1.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 2 mm long. Hilum punctiform.
Distribution
North America: Subarctic.
Reference
Poeae. Circumpolar Fl 1994.
[GB]

Sources

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0