Family:
Cactaceae Juss.

Rhipsalis baccifera (J.S.Muell.) Stearn

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical Africa, Madagascar. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, has environmental uses, as animal food and a medicine and for food.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 100 - 1500 m.

[FZ]

Cactaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 1 mm. long, black, glossy, finely pitted, subpyriform.
Morphology General Habit
Much-branched succulent unarmed epiphytic shrub up to 3 m. long, pendent; stems ± furrowed, green or pale green, with ± verticillate articulated branches up to 1 m. long, sometimes producing adventitious roots at branch apices; branches cylindrical, green, leafless; young plants with areoles subtended by minute triangular scales with 1(2) deciduous tufted setae.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers up to 10 mm. in diameter, white or greenish-white, often numerous along the branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments unequal, the outermost ± triangular to oblong, unequal, the inner ones up to 3 mm. long, oblong to ovate-oblong, spreading, translucent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 20, slightly shorter than inner segments of perianth; anthers ± 0·5 mm. in diameter, globular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary prominent, c. 3 × 2·5 mm., with numerous ovules; style thick, ± as long as segments of perianth; stigma 3–5-partite with oblong fleshy spreading lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4–8 mm. in diameter, a spherical or elongate white or pink berry, pellucid, surmounted by the remains of perianth, with a viscid pulp.

[FTEA]

Cactaceae, R. Hunt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Much-branched pendent epiphytic shrub l–3(–9) m. long.
Morphology Stem
Stems slender, cylindric, 2–8 mm. in diameter, sometimes slightly furrowed, arising in pairs or clusters from tips of older branches, pale green, occasionally producing adventitious roots.
Morphology General Spines
Areoles subtended by minute triangular scales, naked or with l(–2) short stiff bristles 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers lateral, solitary, small, white or yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments 9–12, outermost triangular, inner oblong, obtuse, 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens ± 10–20, inserted at base of perianth, ± as long as perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style thick; stigmas 3–5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry spherical or somewhat elongate, 5–8 mm. in diameter, pellucid, white, pink or red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, glossy, subpyriform, ± 1 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 2, p. 6.
Habitat
Epiphytic or in humus on rocks; lowland and upland rain-forest and upland evergreen bushland; 550–2200 m.
Distribution
widespread in tropical Africa from Ivory Coast east to Ethiopia and as far south as NatalMadagascar, Mascarene Is., CeylonFlorida, West Indies, Central and tropical South America K1 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T7 U2 U4 Z

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
disciplina, disciplinas, lluvia de perlas, parásita

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1500 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, epífita
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Guiana Shield, Caribbean, Orinoquia. Elevation range: 100–1500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Boyacá, Caquetá, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb, Epiphyte.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC. Listed in Appendix II of CITES.
Vernacular
Disciplinas, Lluvia de perlas

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Spanish
Disciplinas.

Rhipsalis baccifera (J.S.Muell.) Stearn appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2015 Delnatte, C. [3565], Martinique K000543984 No
Oct 22, 2013 Mbale, M. [NMK 975], Kenya K000543534 No
Jan 1, 2011 Ramahefaharivelo, A. [s.n.], Madagascar K000634909 No
Jun 30, 2010 Matimele, H.A. [98], Mozambique K000543232 No
Jan 1, 2010 Ramahefaharivelo, A. [13], Madagascar K000634908 No
Jul 1, 2009 Onana, J.-M. [2810], Cameroon K000338210 No
Jan 12, 2009 van der Burgt, X.M. [1343], Guinea K000460596 No
Jan 12, 2009 Haba, P.K. [451], Guinea K000460598 No
Jan 12, 2009 Haba, P.K. [480], Guinea K000460597 No
Jan 7, 2009 Cheek, M. [13819], Guinea K000460595 No
Jan 1, 2009 Pignal, M. [3522], Comoros K000543123 No
Apr 17, 2008 Timberlake, J. [5178], Mozambique K000543298 No
Apr 17, 2008 Timberlake, J. [5394a], Mozambique K000543462 No
Jan 1, 2008 Calvente, A.M. [379], Ecuador K000542715 No
Aug 1, 2006 Etuge, M. [5199], Cameroon K000460044 No
Jan 1, 2005 Price, D. [WK293], Tanzania K000037100 No
Jan 1, 2005 Jannerup [315], Tanzania K000037099 No
Jan 1, 2005 Andriamahefarivo, L. [69], Madagascar K000542918 No
Jan 1, 2004 Onana, J.-M. [2053], Cameroon K000746418 No
Jan 1, 2003 Ortiz [108], Bolivia K000036564 No
Jan 1, 2003 Acevado Rodriguez, P. [14080], Dominican Republic K000543121 No
Sep 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1586], Cameroon K000008111 No
Sep 1, 2002 Cable, S. [924], Cameroon K000008112 No
Sep 1, 2002 Zapfack, L. [960], Cameroon K000008110 No
Sep 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9175 a], Cameroon K000008445 No
Jan 4, 2001 Wieringa, J.J. [3886], Gabon K000543385 No
Jan 1, 1997 Klitgaard, B. [584], Ecuador K000542696 No
Jan 1, 1989 Peterson, P.M. [7146], Panama K000543077 No
May 1, 1962 Volkens, G. [1581], Tanzania K000009565 isotype Yes
Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M417], Brazil K000013301 No
Verdcourt, B. [49], Tanzania 10604.000 No
Dawkins, H.C. [863], Uganda 10605.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [156], Tanzania 10606.000 No
Jeffrey, C. [468], Seychelles 22901.000 No
Glover, P.E. [2647], Kenya 23016.000 No
Jeffrey, C. [468A], Seychelles 23302.000 No
Bowling [91], Sierra Leone 52492.000 No
Mason, Ghana 52501.000 No
Brieger [43], Brazil 52524.000 No
Rico, L. [2067], Cuba 59941.000 No
Greenway, P.J. [10,234], Tanzania 6617.000 No
Lewis, B. [914], Madagascar K000035145 No
Rwaburindore, K. P. [2739], Uganda K000035158 No
Labat, N. J. [3129] K000035306 No
Grimshaw, J.M. [94351], Tanzania K000009578 No
Kirk, Mozambique K000009585 No
Dorr [3426] K000102364 No
Phillipson [2239] K000102365 No
Siemens [40], Kenya K000009660 No
Faden [8547] K000009554 No
Borhidi et al [87042] K000009577 No
Jansen-Jacobs et al [1951], Guyana K000250445 No
Fevereiro et al [M417], Brazil K000250467 Yes
Prance et al [30395], Brazil K000250470 Yes
Jansen-Jacobs et al [1724], Guyana K000250448 No
Balee [840], Brazil K000250458 Yes
Weerasooriya [157] K000251641 Yes
Stannard [760], Roraima K000250466 No
Hakki et al [678], Togo K000251667 No
Nee [42245], Bolivia K000250348 No
Field [288], Venezuela K000250340 No
Malcomber [1206], Madagascar K000102367 No
Hunt in Taylor [631], Venezuela K000250341 No
Jansen-Jacobs et al [1951], Guyana K000250446 No
Milliken [281], Roraima K000250469 No
Nee et al [26089], Mexico K000062719 No
Weerasooriya [157] K000251640 Yes
Martinez, S. et al [24992], Mexico K000062718 No
Nee [36844], Bolivia K000250347 No
Fernandes Casas [1991] K000251690 No
Labat et al [2118bis], Madagascar K000102368 No
Milliken [82], Roraima K000250459 Yes
Kessler, M. et al [8316], Bolivia K000250346 No
Greenway [10234], Tanzania K000009574 No
Richards [25023], Tanzania K000009563 No
Wild H [2107], Zimbabwe K000009595 No
Brass [17824], Malawi K000009590 No
Loveridge [1667], Zimbabwe K000009597 No
Brass [17842], Malawi K000009588 No
Leach [14398] K000009587 No
Waller [0] K000009583 No
Schipp [318], Belize K000102422 No
Brass [17676], Malawi K000009589 No
Pringle [3892], Mexico K000062722 No
Bernoulli [2728], Guatemala K000102426 No
Smith, D. J. [2501], Guatemala K000102424 No
Matuda [3384], Mexico K000062723 No
Leippert [6430], Tanzania K000009562 No
Kerber [308], Mexico K000102429 No
Mueller F [1470], Mexico K000102428 No
Mueller F [1066], Mexico K000062720 No
Angola K000009602 No
Wild, A. T. M. [A44], Zimbabwe K000009599 No
Orcutt [1110], Jamaica K000102430 No
Ayres [0], Mauritius K000102401 No
Venter [218] K000102418 No
Bernardi [14841], Mauritius K000102404 No
Barclay [2875], Mauritius K000102398 No
Lorence [1522], Mauritius K000102399 No
Barclay [1150], Mauritius K000102397 No
Brown [0], Mauritius K000102403 No
Wells [51] K000102411 No
Ayres [0], Mauritius K000102400 No
Gardiner [0], Seychelles K000102396 No
Gardiner [0], Seychelles K000102392 No
Cadet [4847], Réunion K000102406 No
Bosser [21438], Réunion K000102405 No
Tanner [157], Tanzania K000009576 No
Renvoize [1551], Tanzania K000009561 No
Verdcourt [49], Tanzania K000009559 No
Schlieben [1189A], Tanzania K000009558 No
Greenway [13290], Tanzania K000009569 No
Moore [47943], Tanzania K000009568 No
Bigger [2164], Tanzania K000009566 No
Tanner [88], Tanzania K000009575 No
Strey [10235] K000102416 No
Wood [171] K000102414 No
Gerrard [106] K000102413 No
Richards [20393], Tanzania K000009567 No
Fiebrig, K. [431], Paraguay K000250472 No
Eyerdam [22746], Argentina K000250359 No
Eyerdam [22667], Argentina K000250358 No
Shafer [131], Argentina K000250362 No
Pedersen [4804], Argentina K000250361 No
Holton [729], Ecuador K000250343 No
Brown, E. N. [0] K000250263 No
Breteler [3137], Venezuela K000250339 No
Hayes [0], Venezuela K000250333 No
Irwin et al [55466], Suriname K000250453 No
Andre [2591], Ecuador K000250342 No
Bunting [9540], Venezuela K000250335 No
Bunting et al [12186], Venezuela K000250336 No
K000250255 No
Mexico K000250251 No
Shafer [139], Paraguay K000250471 No
Zimbabwe K000250257 No
K000250256 No
Brown, E. N. [0] K000250266 No
K000250265 No
K000250264 No
K000250262 No
Horich [3], Guatemala K000250252 No
Maxon [1514], Jamaica K000102437 No
Woolston [741], Paraguay K000250473 No
Sintenis [219], Puerto Rico K000102443 No
Bjornstad [AB1893], Tanzania K000009572 No
McKee [10671], Guyana K000250444 No
McKee [10673], Guyana K000250439 No
Ekman [1139], Cuba K000102435 No
Ekman [7305], Cuba K000102434 No
Jack [5017], Cuba K000102432 No
Orcutt [2639], Jamaica K000102439 No
Ule [9651], Brazil K000250463 Yes
Spruce, R. [0], Brazil K000250462 Yes
Irwin et al [55571], Suriname K000250451 No
Boiteau [0], Suriname K000250450 No
Fendler [372] K000102447 No
Hostmann [393], Suriname K000250456 No
Sintenis [2353], Puerto Rico K000102440 No
Stahel [0], Suriname K000250454 No
Sandwith [149], Guyana K000250441 No
Sandwith [149], Guyana K000250440 No
Archer [2403], Guyana K000250443 No
Parker [0], Guyana K000250437 No
Parker [104], Guyana K000250438 No
Leonard A [4028], Congo K000251699 No
Yamada [420], Zaïre K000251689 No
Leonard A [2520], Congo K000009612 No
Gutzwiller [2951], Congo K000009609 No
Gerard [5037], Congo K000009608 No
Ramps [2594], Ivory Coast K000251661 No
Gutzwiller [1535], Congo K000009607 No
Lewalle [3231], Burundi K000009619 No
Devred [3998], Congo K000251700 No
Lawalle [759], Burundi K000009620 No
Lebzun [5126], Congo K000251695 No
Deyred [3791], Congo K000251694 No
Stauffer [581], Congo K000251693 No
Louis [4759], Congo K000251692 No
Louis [4760], Congo K000251691 No
Lebzun [3926], Congo K000009605 No
Gutzwiller [3049], Congo K000009610 No
Purseglove, J.W. [P1768], Uganda K000009648 No
Dawkins [D863], Uganda K000009647 No
Jarrett [280], Uganda K000009646 No
Wickham Th [2327], Uganda K000009638 No
Loveridge [253], Uganda K000009637 No
Loveridge [131], Uganda K000009636 No
Wrigley [54], Equatorial Guinea K000251687 No
Zenker [2640], Cameroon K000251685 No
Fries [1561], Rwanda K000009618 No
Troupin [2832], Rwanda K000009616 No
Friis et al [1727], Ethiopia K000009634 No
Leeuwenberg [2881], Ivory Coast K000251659 No
Friedmann [1522], Réunion K000102408 No
Brown, E. N. [0] K000102442 No
Leeuwenberg [3926], Ivory Coast K000251657 No
Deighton [3222], Sierra Leone K000251652 No
Harold [73], Nigeria K000251671 No
Lowe [2456], Nigeria K000251670 No
Chapman [2811], Nigeria K000251669 No
Enti [39261], Ghana K000251666 No
Nigne [4379], Ghana K000251665 No
Nigne [4379], Ghana K000251664 No
Morton [6396], Ghana K000251663 No
Fosberg [40583], Ivory Coast K000251662 No
Muroin [116], Nigeria K000251674 No
Liben [3450], Congo K000251698 No
Zenker [4992], Cameroon K000251684 No
Letouzey [3070], Cameroon K000251683 No
Meurillon [614], Cameroon K000251682 No
Leeuwenberg [5397], Cameroon K000251681 No
Letouzey [9931], Cameroon K000251680 No
Wit [1248], Nigeria K000251678 No
Jones [FHI19530], Nigeria K000251675 No
Adam [20689], Liberia K000251655 No
Walker [0], Sri Lanka K000251645 Yes
Walker [0], Sri Lanka K000251644 Yes
Sri Lanka K000251643 Yes
Walker [16], Sri Lanka K000251642 Yes
Kostermans [23381], Sri Lanka K000251646 Yes
Kostermans [27872], Sri Lanka K000251648 Yes
Bos [3946], Cameroon K000251686 No
Lam [5369], Madagascar K000102376 No
Grandvaux Barbosa et Carv [4411] K000009579 No
Baron, R. [1467], Madagascar K000102382 No
Schaefer [7245] K000009580 No
Decary [14091], Madagascar K000102371 No
Wagemans [1587], Congo K000251696 No
Liebenberg [816], Uganda K000009650 No
Baron, R. [2842], Madagascar K000102372 No
Baron, R. [5776], Madagascar K000102379 No
Baron, R. [7011], Madagascar K000102377 No
Gilbert [6874], Kenya K000009670 No
Parker [0], Madagascar K000102383 No
Baron, R. [2750], Madagascar K000102385 No
Baron, R. [294], Madagascar K000102384 No
Chapman [6364], Malawi K000009591 No
Baron, R. [1467], Madagascar K000102387 No
Baron, R. [294], Madagascar K000102380 No
Baron, R. [4398], Madagascar K000102378 No
Bjornstad [255], Kenya K000009557 No
Philcox, et al. [8967], Zimbabwe K000009601 No
Gillett [20903], Kenya K000009664 No
Bally [1101], Kenya K000009548 No
Johnston [608], Uganda K000009656 No
Gardner [18580], Kenya K000009661 No
Balfour, I.B. [0], Réunion K000102407 No
Roberty [15501], Ivory Coast K000251660 No
Chandler [1862], Uganda K000009653 No
Maitland [617], Uganda K000009651 No
Gillett et al [17101], Kenya K000009551 No
Maas Geesteranus [5799], Kenya K000009665 No
Napier Bax [2635], Kenya K000009549 No
Kerfoot, O. [2778A], Kenya K000009669 No
Gardner [3216], Kenya K000009659 No
Napier Bax [2635], Kenya K000009550 No
Forsyth Major [111], Madagascar K000102375 No
Bally [6590], Kenya K000009667 No
Kerfoot, O. [2778], Kenya K000009666 No
Bally [8794], Kenya K000009553 No
Rico et al [2067], Cuba K000100118 No
McPherson [16716] K000100238 No
Randriamampionona [462], Madagascar K000100279 No
Zappi, D [1477], Brazil K000543643 No
Mavi [648A], Zimbabwe K000009598 No
Heller [516], Puerto Rico K000102444 No
Testu [1412], Gabon K000251688 No
Eggeling [21171], Uganda K000009645 No
Deighton [2222], Sierra Leone K000251651 No
Ern et al [2200], Togo K000251668 No
Bosser [21216], Réunion K000102409 No
Johnson [0], Peru K000250253 No
Andrews [1165], Sudan K000009630 No
Timberlake, J. [5178], Mozambique K000613558 No
Waller [0] K000009584 No
Troupin [4166], Rwanda K000009617 No
Duemmer [1013], Uganda K000009649 No
Kerfoot, O. [2723], Kenya K000009668 No
Dorr [3299] K000102363 No
Ammann, M.Y. [306], Madagascar K000543233 No
Gay [0] K000275205 Yes
Palmer [357], Mexico K000062721 No
Jeffrey [468], Seychelles K000102393 No
Maguire [24086], Suriname K000250457 No
Labat et al [2399], Madagascar K000100127 No
Steyermark [61915], Venezuela K000251162 No
Oldeman [B2056], Guyana K000250449 No
Ro. [625] K000102446 No
Gledhill [0], Sierra Leone K000251653 No
Hutchison [1520], Peru K000250254 No
Smith, D. J. [4813], Costa Rica K000102423 No
Swynnerton [1086], Zimbabwe K000009594 No
Asplund [9165], Ecuador K000250344 No
Bunting et al [6370], Venezuela K000250334 No
Glover [3063], Kenya K000009546 No
Dorantes [2920], Mexico K000062715 No
Leach [12678], Zimbabwe K000009596 No
Wagemans [1587], Congo K000251697 No
Christiaensens [1497], Rwanda K000009615 No
Gereau [3258], Madagascar K000102366 No
Fendler [1128], Venezuela K000250338 No
Leakey H [H6563], Kenya K000009556 No
Smith, D. J. [2040], Guatemala K000102425 No
Tranqueville [189], Cuba K000102436 No
Jack [5017], Cuba K000102433 No
Brenan [8578], Nigeria K000251672 No
Cheek, M. [3477], Cameroon K000199876 No
Trigui, S.M. [SMT 014], Madagascar K000542980 No
Venter [998] K000102417 No
Edwards [1795] K000102415 No
Wright [206], Cuba K000102431 No
Mtui [173] K000009571 No
Harris [7646], Jamaica K000102438 No
Hedburg [2075], Tanzania K000009570 No
Prance [4158], Amazonas K000250465 Yes
Garber [63], Puerto Rico K000102441 No
Fryxell [3515], Mexico K000062717 No
Lewis, B. [914], Madagascar K000035144 No
Codd [10313] K000102410 No
Seychelles K000102395 No
Sosef, M.S.M. [2264], Gabon K000743758 No
Sintenis [3350], Puerto Rico K000102445 No
Schlieben [11141], Comoros K000102391 No
Hostmann [393], Paraguay K000250460 Yes
Faden et al [0], Kenya K000009555 No
Menacho, M. [36], Bolivia K000037076 No
Gay [0] K000250260 No
Spruce, R. [611], Brazil K000250461 Yes
Meyer [8999], Ethiopia K000009633 No
Linuta [136], Togo K000251649 No
Oteke [172], Kenya K000009658 No
Goldsmith [10467], Zimbabwe K000009592 No
Leach [11485] K000009581 No
Bettencourt [41], Mexico K000250258 No
Bactu [2034], Togo K000251650 No
Newcomb [128], Mexico K000250259 No
Meyer [8033], Ethiopia K000009632 No
Prance [2017], Brazil K000250464 Yes
Jackson [13], Sierra Leone K000251654 No
K000102388 No
Friis et al [2326], Ethiopia K000009635 No
Thompson [1706] K000251679 No
Gentle [2783], Belize K000102421 No
Leeuwenberg [2148], Ivory Coast K000251658 No
Elliot [7247], Uganda K000009655 No
Weerasooriya [157] K000251639 Yes
Kirk [0], Mozambique K000009582 No
Schlieben [12194], Tanzania K000009573 No
Irwin et al [55812], Suriname K000250452 No
Whyte [0], Uganda K000009652 No
Pierlot [2735], Congo K000009611 No
Bouten [0], Mauritius K000102402 No
Brummitt, R.K. [8589a], Malawi K000542635 No
Decary [1189], Madagascar K000102386 No
Oteke [172], Kenya K000009657 No
Zardini, E.M. [35507], Paraguay K000100060 No
Decary [10146], Madagascar K000102381 No
Yuncker [8402], Honduras K000102427 No
Leonard J [329], Congo K000009606 No
Christiaensens [882], Rwanda K000009613 No
Magogo [633], Kenya K000009552 No
Glen [3442] K000100128 No
Compton [27900] K000102412 No
Baron, R. [6460], Madagascar K000102370 No
Louis, A.M. [2439], Gabon K000743747 No
Thomasset [0], Seychelles K000102394 No
Jayasuriya [852], Sri Lanka K000251647 Yes
Timberlake, J. [5873], Mozambique K000543463 No
Nee [33061], Mexico K000062716 No
Samuels [428], Suriname K000250455 No
Hafashimana, N. D.L. [743], Uganda K000035172 No
Bourgeau [1873], Mexico K000062724 No
Myers [5924], Guyana K000250442 No
Kennedy [1365], Nigeria K000251673 No
Loveridge [274], Zimbabwe K000009593 No
van Someren [1765], Kenya K000009662 No
Uganda K000009654 No
Timberlake, J. [5873], Mozambique K000543464 No
Jansen-Jacobs et al [1724], Guyana K000250447 No
Glover et al [648], Kenya K000009547 No
Brown, E. N. [0] K000250261 No
Simon [1343], Zimbabwe K000009600 No
Koritschoner [817], Tanzania K000009560 No
Williams [732], Bolivia K000250345 No
Onyeachusim [54088], Nigeria K000251677 No
Forsyth Major [610], Madagascar K000102374 No
Randimbiarison, C.H. [RCH 098], Madagascar K000543548 No
Po [1419], Togo K000251676 No
Parker [3], Madagascar K000102369 No
Pedersen [11352], Argentina K000250360 No
Troupin [4166], Rwanda K000009614 No
Waterlot [114], Madagascar K000102373 No
Faulkner [4514], Tanzania K000009564 No
Mooney [6777], Ethiopia K000009631 No
de Wilde [177], Ivory Coast K000251656 No
Zappi, D [1477], Brazil K000543642 No
Jangoux [88], Brazil K000250468 No

First published in Cact. J. (Croydon) 7: 107 (1939)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Carbonó-Delahoz, E., Barros-Barraza, A. & Jiménez-Vergara, J. (2013). Cactaceae de Santa Marta, Magdalena, Colombia Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 37: 177-187.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Hernández, H.M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. (2015). Mapping the cacti of Mexico part II. Mammillaria Succulent Plant Research 9: 1-189.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Véliz, M. (2008). Las Cactáceas de Guatemala: 1-129. Unidad de Investigación Herbario BIGU, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

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Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Carbonó-Delahoz, E., Barros-Barraza, A. & Jiménez-Vergara, J. (2013). Cactaceae de Santa Marta, Magdalena, Colombia Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 37: 177-187.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
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  • Hernández, H.M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. (2015). Mapping the cacti of Mexico part II. Mammillaria Succulent Plant Research 9: 1-189.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Véliz, M. (2008). Las Cactáceas de Guatemala: 1-129. Unidad de Investigación Herbario BIGU, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala.

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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Neotropikey

    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/