Cordyla Lour.

First published in Fl. Cochinch.: 411 (1790)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

Descriptions

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Unarmed deciduous trees, rarely shrubby
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, imparipinnate; stipules small, soon falling off; leaflets petiolulate, alternate or rarely subopposite, with numerous pellucid dots or streaks
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphroditeor ♂, in racemes which are axillary or clustered at nodes or sometimes terminal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with a subglobose limb entire before dehiscence, splitting into 3–5 lobes on opening
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle (“calyx-tube”) campanulate; a definite disc (i.e. with a margin) not present, the staminal tube merging evenly with the receptacle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous (± 23–126), usually crowded into several series round the top of the receptacle; filaments very shortly connate at base; anthers dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; connective glandular at top
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary (in hermaphroditeflowers) long-stipitate, several-ovuled, tapering into a subulate style; stigma small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits stipitate, ellipsoid to subglobose, beaked or rounded, inde-hiscent, with 1–6 seeds embedded in pulp
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds large, thin-walled, not arillate, without endosperm; radicle of embryo straight.
[FTEA]

Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by R.K. Brummitt

Morphology General Habit
Unarmed deciduous trees.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets alternate to rarely subopposite, with minute pellucid dots or dashes between the smaller veins; stipules small, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of rather short and usually clustered racemes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite or male, the most conspicuous part being the many stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium (receptacle) well developed, campanulate; calyx subglobose and entire before dehiscence, splitting into (3)5 ± reflexed lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 0.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens many (23–126), usually crowded into several series round the rim of the hypanthium; filaments connate for up to 3 mm at base; anthers very small (up to 0.5 mm long), dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; connective glandular at the top.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary (in hermaphrodite flowers) on a long gynophore exceeding the hypanthium, with several ovules, tapering to a short style with inconspicuous stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits ellipsoid to subglobose with a ± oblique beak, fleshy, indehiscent, with 1–6 seeds embedded in pulp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds large, with a thin testa; embryo with a straight radicle.
Distribution
A genus of 7 species, of which one is from West Africa, two from Madagascar and three from E and NE tropical Africa in addition to the species described below.
[FZ]

Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

Habit
Trees and shrubs
Ecology
Seasonally dry tropical forest (often riverine), woodland, bushland and scrub, often on rocky hillsides
Distribution
c. 5 spp. in Africa in the Zambezian, Sudanian and Somalia-Masai phytochoria of White (1983); 2 spp. in Madagascar
Note
The genus is being worked on by Kirkbride who suggests that two generic elements may be involved

The Swartzieae sens. lat., comprising 17 genera and c. 258 species (Fig. 28), is largely Neotropical and distributed from Mexico to Argentina, and the Caribbean, with Bobgunnia, Cordyla, Mildbraediodendron and Baphiopsis restricted to tropical Africa and Madagascar. Cowan (1981a) included 11 genera in the Swartzieae, then later (Polhill, 1994) transferred four genera from the Sophoreae (Amburana, Ateleia, Cyathostegia and Holocalyx). Bobgunnia (Kirkbride & Wiersema, 1997) and Trischidium (Ireland, submitted) were added subsequently.

The flowers of Swartzieae genera are unusual and varied, and do not totally conform to the typical ‘papilionoid’ structure, resulting in much debate over the systematic placement of the tribe. Disparities with the rest of the family, of some but not all Swartzieae taxa, include a closed calyx in bud, non-papilionaceous corollas (often with a single petal, or these lacking altogether due to complete loss of some petal primordia) and polystemony (often numerous stamens resulting from an innovative developmental feature, the ring meristem) (Tucker, 2003). Although now generally accepted to be papilionoid, the tribe has frequently been shifted between the Papilionoideae and the Caesalpinioideae, and is even recognised by some as a fourth subfamily (De Candolle, 1825; Bartling, 1830; Endlicher, 1840; Corner, 1951).

Research based on pollen (Ferguson & Schrire, 1994), macromorphology (Herendeen, 1995), wood anatomy (Gasson, 1996) and DNA sequences (Doyle et al., 1996; Ireland et al., 2000; Pennington et al., 2001) has shown the Swartzieae to be polyphyletic, with many members of the tribe more closely related to genera in the Sophoreae, Dipterygeae and Dalbergieae than they are to each other (Fig. 28). In a phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data (Ireland et al., 2000; Pennington et al., 2001), Swartzia emerges in a monophyletic group with Bobgunnia, Bocoa, Trischidium, Cyathostegia and Ateleia. This group of genera, with the addition of Candolleodendron, are likely to constitute a redefined Swartzieae sens. strict., with the remaining swartzioid genera being moved to other tribes (Fig. 28). Wojciechowski et al. (2004) find moderate support for including Swartzieae sens. strict. in a monophyletic clade together with basally branching genera lacking the 50kb inversion in Sophoreae, and Dipterygeae.

 The reclassification of Swartzieae sens. strict., and realignment of the remaining swartzioid genera in other tribes, needs to be corroborated by further evidence. For the present, Swartzieae sens. lat. is retained in a basally branching position within the Papilionoideae following Polhill (1981a).

[Author’s postscript: Mansano et al. (2004a) recently undertook a molecular-morphological analysis of the Lecointea clade of Herendeen (1995) and found strong support for the inclusion of Harleyodendron and Exostyles within this clade, rather than in the Vataireoid clade as reported here]

"
[LOWO]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Unarmed deciduous trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, imparipinnate; leaflets with numerous pellucid dots or streaks
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in racemes, bisexual or male
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with a subglobose limb, entire before dehiscence, splitting into 3–5 lobes on opening
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals lacking
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary long-stipitate, tapering into a subulate style
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods stipitate, ellipsoid to subglobose, indehiscent, 1–6-seeded.
Distribution
Five or six species in tropical Africa and in Madagascar.
[FSOM]

Uses

Use
Used as ornamentals and shade trees, timber, medicine and human food
[LOWO]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Legumes of the World Online

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0