Ruellia blechum L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Venezuela and Bolivia, Caribbean. It is used as animal food and a medicine and has social uses.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2285 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bogotá DC, Bolívar, Cauca, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2285 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
mazorca

[UPFC]
Vernacular
Mazorquilla

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

Native to:

Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Caroline Is., Fiji, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Marianas, Marshall Is., Nauru, Solomon Is., Taiwan

Ruellia blechum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 24, 2003 Reynoso et al. [7776], Philippines Blechum pyramidatum K000184372 No
Jan 1, 1993 Breedlove, D.E. [67001], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064394 No
Dec 20, 1935 Hinton, G.B. [5497], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064406 No
Dec 20, 1935 Hinton, G.B. [2992], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064405 No
Palmer, E. [320], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064398 No
Gaumer, G.F., Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064400 No
Pringle, C.G. [6807], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064402 No
Palmer, E. [159], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064403 No
González O., J. [333], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064404 No
Gaumer, G.F. [23553], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064407 No
Gaumer, G.F. [1693], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064408 No
Sinclair [s.n.], Panama Blechum pyramidatum K000196687 Yes
Schack, Baron [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago Blechum pyramidatum K000196696 Yes
Schack, Baron [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago Blechum pyramidatum K000196697 Unknown type material Yes
Spruce, R. [5537], Ecuador Blechum pyramidatum K000202117 Yes
Ule, E. [9819], Brazil Blechum pyramidatum K001032714 Yes
Palmer, E. [1357], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064401 No
Daniel, T.F. [4900], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064397 No
Rothschild, B.M. [180], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064395 No
le D' Gouin, M., Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064399 No
Sinclair [s.n.] Blechum pyramidatum K000196688 Yes
Daniel, T.F. [6137], Mexico Blechum pyramidatum K000064396 No
Bourgeau, M. [1389], Mexico Blechum linnaei K000064393 No
Sinclair [s.n.], Panama Blechum linnaei K000196694 Yes
Sinclair [s.n.] Blechum linnaei K000196695 isotype Yes
Oct 1, 1986 Ecuador Blechum brownei K000196689 Yes
Oct 1, 1986 Sinclair, Ecuador Blechum brownei K000196692 Yes
Sinclair, Panama Blechum brownei K000196691 Yes
Sinclair, Panama Blechum brownei K000196690 Yes

First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1120 (1759)

Accepted by

  • Nelson-Sutherland, C. (2010). Adiciones y Comentarios a la Flora de Honduras Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 51: 70-88.
  • Tanaka, N. & al. (2020). Vascular plants collected from Eastern Provinces, the Solomon islands Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Series B (Botany) 46: 145-175.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Not accepted by

  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. [Cited as Blechum pyramidatum.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Tanaka, N. & al. (2020). Vascular plants collected from Eastern Provinces, the Solomon islands Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Series B (Botany) 46: 145-175.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • USDA, NRCS (2005-2020). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Listado de especies de Productos No Maderables del caribe colombiano. 366 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Espitia Palencia, L. (Proveedor del metadatos). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0