Genus:
Rumex L.

Rumex crispus L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, N. Africa, Temp. Eurasia. It is has environmental uses, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for food.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Type
Type from Europe.
Morphology General Habit
An erect stout perennial herb up to 2(2.5) m tall An erect stout perennial herb up to 2(2.5) m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems brownish-red to greenish-brown, longitudinally striate, glabrous. Stems brownish-red to greenish-brown, longitudinally striate, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves up to (3.5)6–26 × 5–14 cm, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, narrowed and attenuate to the base, sometimes ± cordate, undulate and crisped on the margins, glabrous or with papillae on the veins beneath; upper leaves often linear, acute at the apex, cuneate or rounded at the base often asymmetrically so; petiole up to 20 cm long, as long as or shorter than lamina, 1–3 cm long in stem leaves Lower leaves up to (3.5)6–26 × 5–14 cm, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, narrowed and attenuate to the base, sometimes ± cordate, undulate and crisped on the margins, glabrous or with papillae on the veins beneath; upper leaves often linear, acute at the apex, cuneate or rounded at the base often asymmetrically so; petiole up to 20 cm long, as long as or shorter than lamina, 1–3 cm long in stem leaves.
Morphology Leaves Ocrea
Ocrea 1–2 cm long, striate, entire Ocrea 1–2 cm long, striate, entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, pedicellate, in congested many-flowered whorls, arranged in rather dense branched panicles; pedicels filiform, up to 0.3 mm in diameter, unequal, up to 1 cm or more long in fruit, articulated below the middle Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, pedicellate, in congested many-flowered whorls, arranged in rather dense branched panicles; pedicels filiform, up to 0.3 mm in diameter, unequal, up to 1 cm or more long in fruit, articulated below the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Outer perianth segments 1.5–2.5 mm long; inner perianth segments 3.5–6 × 3–5(6) mm, broadly ovate-triangular to ovate-cordate, strongly reticulate, usually one segment with a developed dorsal tubercle near the base, the others with or without small tubercles; margins entire, wavy or very slightly toothed towards the base Outer perianth segments 1.5–2.5 mm long; inner perianth segments 3.5–6 × 3–5(6) mm, broadly ovate-triangular to ovate-cordate, strongly reticulate, usually one segment with a developed dorsal tubercle near the base, the others with or without small tubercles; margins entire, wavy or very slightly toothed towards the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6; filaments 2.5 mm long; anthers 0.2–0.3 mm long, oblong Stamens 6; filaments 2.5 mm long; anthers 0.2–0.3 mm long, oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1.5–2 × 0.7–1 mm, trigonous Ovary 1.5–2 × 0.7–1 mm, trigonous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nut brown, shiny, 2.5–3 × 1.5–2 mm, sharply trigonous. Nut brown, shiny, 2.5–3 × 1.5–2 mm, sharply trigonous.
Ecology
A weed of disturbed ground in damp places and beside irrigation channels; 0–1700 m.
Distribution
Mozambique Zimbabwe ZAM W, ZAM S, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E, MOZ M Zambia Native of Europe and western Asia, now widely introduced throughout Africa from Egypt to the Cape and elsewhere.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2500–2500 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), desert, artificial - terrestrial.

[FTEA]

Polygonaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A stout, ± glabrous perennial.
Morphology Stem
Stems brownish-red to greenish-brown.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes tending to redden, glabrous except for papillae on the veins of the subsurface, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, 15–26 × 2–5.5 cm. (–35 × 8 fide Rech. f.), the upper ones often linear; crisped on the margins; apically ± acute, basally attenuate, cuneate, or rounded, often rather unequally so. Lower petioles up to 20 cm. long; those of the stem leaves much shorter, often 1.5–3 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a rather dense, branched panicle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Inner tepals 3.5–5 mm. long, and as broad or nearly so, ovate-deltoid, usually all tubercled, the margins entire, undulating, or very slightly and shallowly toothed towards the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nut 2.5–3 × 1.5–2 mm., medium brown, acutely trigonous.
Habitat
A plant of damp places, and a weed of disturbed ground; at Nairobi it occurs “ in and along the riverbed,” at 1620 m.
Distribution
a native of Europe and western Asiaelsewhere widely introduced. K4

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 2500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
arracachuela, arracachuelo, barbasco, barrabás, bijuacá, chueca, lengua de vaca, lengüevaca, paciencia, ribarbo, riobarbo, romacillo, romaza, romazo, ruibarbo, ruibarbo de huerta

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Magadan, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Fiji, Florida, Free State, Føroyar, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Macquarie Is., Maine, Malaya, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Namibia, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Réunion, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Tubuai Is., Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Rumex crispus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [461], Cameroon K000198125 No
Nov 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [461], Cameroon K000198124 No
Jan 1, 1932 s.coll. [s.n.], Europe K000831298 Yes
Jan 1, 1932 s.coll. [s.n.], Europe K000831296 Yes
Gay, J. [s.n.], France K000831297 Yes
Heller, T. [MSB-FI42], Falkland Is. K000299110 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 335 (1753)

Accepted by

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  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
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  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
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Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Not. Suppl., vol. 3, 3: 76 (1954).
  • F.C. 5, 1: 478 (1912).
  • Fl. Madagascar, fam. 65, Polygonacées: 4 (1953).
  • Sp. Pl.: 335 (1753).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
  • Akeroyd, J.R. (2013). Docks and Knotweeds of Britain and Ireland: 1-258. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
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  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

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  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
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  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
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  • Flora Zambesiaca

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