Sacoila lanceolata (Aubl.) Garay

First published in Bot. Mus. Leafl. 28: 352 (1980 publ. 1982)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.


George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Morphology Stem
Stems erect, minutely whitish-scurfy, 17–70 cm tall, clothed with about 8 acuminate sheaths 2–4 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves several, broadly lanceolate to elliptic, 11–41 cm long, usually absent at flowering time
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence more or less scurfy, spike loosely arranged or crowded with 6–14 flowers; bracts narrowly lanceolate, exceeding the ovary. Flowers pubescent like the stem, somewhat tubular; sepals brick red, salmon, coppery, greenish brown, or light buff, lanceolate, acuminate, 5-nerved, the lateral ones very oblique and 1.5–2.5 cm long, prolonged at base into a chin-like spur; median sepal 1–2 cm long; petals colored like the sepals, about as long as the adnate median sepal, oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, subacute, 1–1.2 cm long; lip lighter colored than sepals, often whitish, attached to the column foot, 1.4–2.35 cm long, dilated and saccate about the middle, lanceolate, acuminate above and linear-convolute below, more or less pubescent.Column straight, ca. 6 mm long with an elongate column foot
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther ca. 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule scurfy, 1–1.5 cm long, 3-keeled.
Grand Cayman. Florida, Greater and Lesser Antilles, and Mexico south to tropical S. America.
Sacoila lanceolata is an extraordinarily variable species in pubescence, color, leaf form and size of spur; a number of segregates have been proposed, including Sacoila squamulosa. Nir (2000) (Symbolae Antillanae. DAG Media Publishing) recognizes S. squamulosa and distinguishes it from S. lanceolata by its scurfy pubescence and a spur about 2/3 the length of the ovary. Although local populations may be relatively uniform in such characteristics, these traits occur in all combinations so that variation is continuous across its entire distribution.

Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 20–1500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Boyacá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Meta, Santander.
Listed in Appendix II of CITES.

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 1500 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
No Evaluada


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