Sacoila lanceolata (Aubl.) Garay

First published in Bot. Mus. Leafl. 28: 352 (1980 publ. 1982)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Morphology Stem
Stems erect, minutely whitish-scurfy, 17–70 cm tall, clothed with about 8 acuminate sheaths 2–4 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves several, broadly lanceolate to elliptic, 11–41 cm long, usually absent at flowering time
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence more or less scurfy, spike loosely arranged or crowded with 6–14 flowers; bracts narrowly lanceolate, exceeding the ovary. Flowers pubescent like the stem, somewhat tubular; sepals brick red, salmon, coppery, greenish brown, or light buff, lanceolate, acuminate, 5-nerved, the lateral ones very oblique and 1.5–2.5 cm long, prolonged at base into a chin-like spur; median sepal 1–2 cm long; petals colored like the sepals, about as long as the adnate median sepal, oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, subacute, 1–1.2 cm long; lip lighter colored than sepals, often whitish, attached to the column foot, 1.4–2.35 cm long, dilated and saccate about the middle, lanceolate, acuminate above and linear-convolute below, more or less pubescent.Column straight, ca. 6 mm long with an elongate column foot
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther ca. 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule scurfy, 1–1.5 cm long, 3-keeled.
Distribution
Grand Cayman. Florida, Greater and Lesser Antilles, and Mexico south to tropical S. America.
Recognition
Sacoila lanceolata is an extraordinarily variable species in pubescence, color, leaf form and size of spur; a number of segregates have been proposed, including Sacoila squamulosa. Nir (2000) (Symbolae Antillanae. DAG Media Publishing) recognizes S. squamulosa and distinguishes it from S. lanceolata by its scurfy pubescence and a spur about 2/3 the length of the ovary. Although local populations may be relatively uniform in such characteristics, these traits occur in all combinations so that variation is continuous across its entire distribution.
[Cayman]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 20–1500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Boyacá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Meta, Santander.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
Listed in Appendix II of CITES.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 1500 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0