Hypochaeris radicata L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 811 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Caucasus. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
A scapose perennial herb up to c. 60 cm. tall, from a stout semi-woody taproot.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves numerous in a basal rosette, (4)5–12(20) x 1–4 cm., oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic in outline, sinuate-dentate to pinnatilobed, obtuse to rounded at the apex, attenuate below, ± densely hispid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes 1 to several, usually branched, striate, glabrous or hispid; branches long ascending, remotely bracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary erect, up to c. 2.5 cm. long, obconic or deeply cup-shaped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Phyllaries
Phyllaries 3–4-seriate, the outer c. 4 x 1.5 mm., the inner to c. 18 x 2.5 mm., lanceolate, acute, ciliate above, setose-papillose along the exposed midribs otherwise glabrous, eventually reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacular paleae up to c. 22 mm. long, conduplicate and enclosing the achenes, subulate above, apex drying to a brownish arista exserted above the mature pappus, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets numerous, corollas c. 15 mm. long; corolla tube 5–6 mm. long, somewhat 5-ribbed and with an incomplete ciliate fringe where the tube splits to form the ligule, otherwise glabrous; ligule ± erect 8–9 x 2.5 mm., strap-shaped, exserted above the involucre, yellow sometimes with a greenish or reddish stripe outside, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes all with long slender beaks; achene body 4–5 mm. long, cylindric-fusiform, finely c. 14-ribbed, scabridulous, tapering ± abruptly into a 4.5–7 mm. long beak; beaks of the outer achenes shorter than the inner; pappus 2-seriate, the outer pappus of short barbellate setae, the inner of plumose setae to c. 9 mm. long.
[FZ]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
achicoria, centella, cerraja, chicoria, diente de león, hierba de chancho, margarita, margaritón, penacho, trompetilla
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 900 - 4500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 900–4500 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, desert, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Uses

Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0