Asplenium monanthes L.

First published in Mant. Pl. 1: 130 (1767)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, Tristan da Cunha, Bioko, Cameroon, Somalia to S. Africa Madagascar, Réunion, Hawaiian Islands, Tropical & Subtropical America. It is an epiphyte and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia
[CPLC]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Leaves
Leaves 20–40 cm long; leaf-blade simply pinnate, glabrous; petiole and rhachis dark reddish brown, the petiole shorter than leaf-blade, glabrous
Morphology Leaves Pinnae
Pinnae oblong, 0.5–1.2 cm long, more than twice as long as wide, prominently crenate-dentate along upper margin, rounded at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Sori
Sori narrowly oblong.
Distribution
N1 tropical and southern Africa, Azores Is, tropical America.
Ecology
Altitude range c. 1500 m.
[FSOM]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 1050 - 4400 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
[UPB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Guiana Shield. Elevation range: 1050–4400 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Arauca, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, desert, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Aspleniaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

Ecology
At 8, 000 ft. alt.
[FWTA]

Aspleniaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, herb. Linnaeus (LINN 1250/17, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial, also on dead logs or mossy boulders, rarely a low-level epiphyte.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome erect to suberect with tufted fronds and with lanceolate-attenuate fine hairpointed rhizome scales up to 3.5 mm long, with a black central stripe and paler clathrate entire borders.
Morphology Leaves
Frond erect, 1-pinnate, rarely proliferous at top of stipe (not seen in our material).
Morphology Leaves Stipes
Stipe glossy dark brown to black, 2–20 cm long, glabrous, terete.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina pale to dark green, simply pinnate, firmly membranous, linear in outline, 15–60 × 1.8–3.5 cm, decrescent and acute.
Morphology Leaves Pinnae
Pinna up to 45 pairs, oblongdimidiate becoming broadly cuneate-flabellate towards the base or often the lowermost flabellate, 1–1.7 × 0.5–0.8 cm at about the centre of the lamina, shortly petiolate to subsessile, prominently crenate-dentate on the acroscopic and outer margins, glabrous on both surfaces.
Morphology Leaves Rachis
Rachis glossy dark brown to black, sulcate on the ventral surface, slightly winged on upper side (always?), the wing green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Sori
Sori usually solitary, occasionally 2, rarely with a third on the acroscopic half of the pinna, dark brown, narrowly oblong, to 5 mm long, set near and parallel to the basiscopic margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Sori Indusium
Indusium whitish, membranous, entire, linear, to 1 mm wide.
Figures
Fig. 2: 11–12, p. 14.
Ecology
Terrestrial, also on dead logs or mossy boulders in moist forest, especially in bamboo or Podocarpus forest, less often in riverine woodland or in the heath zone near streams; may be locally common; 1950–3100(–3400) m
Conservation
Widespread; least concern (LC)
Distribution
Range: Sudan to South Africa, Madagascar, Réunion, Hawaii and tropical America Flora districts: U1 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T7
[FTEA]

Uses

Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0