Hymenaea L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1192 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Mexico to Tropical America, Kenya to Mozambique, W. Indian Ocean.


Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Benin, Borneo, China Southeast, Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Malaya, Philippines, Senegal, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Uganda, Zimbabwe


Heterotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Kew Bulletin

  • BFG (2015). Growing knowledge: an overview of Seed Plant diversity in Brazil. Rodriguesia 66(4): 1085 -1113.
  • Bruneau, A., Breteler, F.J, Klitgaard, B. B., Prenner, G., Fougere-Danezan, M. & Tucker, S. C. (2014). Floral evolution in the Detarieae (Leguminosae): Phylogenetic evidence for labile floral development in an early-diverging legume lineage. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 175(4): 392 - 417.
  • Bruneau, A., Breteler, F.J, Mercure, M., Lewis, G. P. & Herendeen, P. S. (2008). Phylogenetic patterns and diversification in the caesalpinioid legumes. Botany 86: 697 - 718.
  • Bruneau, A., Breteler, F.J., Wieringa, J.J., Gervais, G.Y.F. & Forest, F. (2000). Phylogenetic relationships in tribes Macrolobieae and Detarieae inferred from chloroplast trnL intron sequences. In: P. S. Herendeen & A. Bruneau (eds), Advances in legume systematics, part 9, pp. 121 - 149. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cardoso, D. B. O. S., Queiroz, L. P. & Lima, H. C. (2008). Three new species of Luetzelburgia (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) from the caatinga of Bahia, Brazil and an identification key to all species of the genus. Kew Bull. 63: 289 - 300.
  • Carneiro-Torres, D. S., Cordeiro, I., Giulietti, A. M., Berry, P. E. & Riina, R. (2011). Three new species of Croton (Euphorbiaceae s.s.) from the Brazilian Caatinga. Brittonia 63: 122 - 132.
  • Clemente, M. E. A. (2007). Cangayo e Cangaceiros: Historias e Imagens Fotograficas do Tempo de Lampiao. Revista Hist. Estud. Cult. 4(4): 1 - 15.
  • Cordula, E., Queiroz, L. P. & Alves, M. (2008). Checklist da Flora de Mirandiba, Pernambuco: Leguminosae. Rodriguesia 59(3): 597 - 602.
  • Fougere-Danezan, M., Herendeen, P. S., Maumont, S. & Bruneau, A. (2010). Morphological evolution in the variable resin-producing Detarieae (Fabaceae): do morpho­logical characters retain a phylogenetic signal? Ann. Bot. 105: 311 - 325.
  • Fougere-Danezan, M., Maumont, S. & Bruneau, A. (2007). Relationships among resin producing Detarieae s.l. (Leguminosae) as inferred by molec­ular data. Syst. Bot. 32(4): 748 - 761.
  • Goto, B. T., Silva, G. A., Maia, L. C. & Oehl, F. (2010). Dentiscutata colliculosa,anewspeciesinthe Glomeromycetes from Northeastern Brazil with colliculate spore ornamentation. Nova Hedwigia 90: 383 - 393.
  • IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. (2016). GuidelinesforUsingtheIUCNRedListCategoriesandCriteria. Version 12. Prepared by the IUCN species survival commission. IUCN Council, Gland and Cambridge. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/docu-ments/RedListGuidelines.pdf(Accessed 02 Aug. 2016).
  • LPWG (The Legume Phylogeny Working Group) (2013). Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: Progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades. Taxon 62: 217 - 248
  • LPWG, (2017). A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically compre­hensive phylogeny. Taxon 66: 44 - 77.
  • Lee,Y.T.&Langenheim,J.H.(1975). Systematicsofthegenus Hymenaea L., Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae, Detarieae. University of California Publications Press, Berkeley.
  • Linares-Palomino, R., Oliveira-Filho, A. T. & Pennington, R. T. (2011). Neotropical seasonally dry forests: diversity, endemism, and biogeography of woody plants. In: R.Dirzo,H.S.Young,H.A.Mooney & G. Ceballos (eds), Seasonally dry tropical forests: ecology and conservation, pp. 3 - 21. Island Press, Washington.
  • Moro, M. F., Lughadha, E. N., Filer, D. L., Araujo, F. S. & Martins, F. R. (2014). A catalogue of the vascular plants of the Caatinga Phytogeographic Domain: a synthesis of floristic and phytosociological survey. Phytotaxa 160(1): 001 - 118.
  • Olson, D. M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E. D., Burgess,N.D.,Powell,G.V.N.,Underwood,E.C., D'Amico,J.A.,Itoua,I.,Strand,H.E.,Morrison,J.C., Loucks, C. J., Allnutt, T. F., Ricketts, T. H., Kura, Y., Lamoreux,J.F.,Wettengel,W.W.,Hedao,P.&Kassem, K. R. (2001). Terrestrial ecoregions ofthe world: a new map of life on Earth. BioScience 51: 933 - 938.
  • Pinto, R. B., Mansano, V. F. & Tozzi, A. M. G. A. (2015). Reestablishment of Hymenaea travassii (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae), a species endem­ic to the Bolivian Chaco. Phytotaxa 219(1): 96 - 100.
  • Polhill, R. M. (1994). Classification of the Leguminosae & complete synopsis oflegume genera. In: F. A. Bisby, Buckingham & J. B. Harborne (eds), Phytochemical dictionary of the Leguminosae. Vol. 1. Plants and their constituents ,pp.35- 57. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Queiroz, L. P. (2009). Leguminosas da caatinga. Associayao Plantas do Nordeste, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Raposo,M.A.(1997).Anewspeciesof Arremon (Passeriformes: Emberizidae) from Brazil. Ararajuba 5(1): 3-9.
  • Ribeiro, R. D., Cardoso, D. B. O. S. & Lima, H. C. (2015). A new species of Hymenaea (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) with a revised identification key to the genus in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Syst. Bot. 40(1): 151 - 156.
  • Souza, I. M., Funch, L. S. & Queiroz, L. P. (2014). Morphological analyses suggest a new taxonomic circumscription for Hymenaea courbaril L. (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae). PhytoKeys 38: 101 - 118.
  • Taddei, V. A. & Lim, B. K. (2010). A new species of Chiroderma (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) from Northeastern Brazil. Brazil. J. Biol. 70(2): 381 - 386.
  • Vivallo, F. & Melo, G. A. R. (2009). Taxonomy and geographic distribution of the species of Centris of the hyptidis group (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Centridini), with description of a new species from central Brazil. Zootaxa 2075: 33 - 44.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 499 (1754).
  • Lee & Langenheim in Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 69: 1–109 (1975).
  • Sp. Pl.: 1192 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 5, 2008 Tschá, M.; Laurênio, A.; Gomes, A.P.S. [642] Brazil K000834252 Yes
Feb 5, 2008 Freire, E.; Andrade, A.; Nunes, R.; Campelo, M.J. [54] Brazil K000834250 Yes
Feb 5, 2008 Hora, M.J.; Freire, E.; Campelo, M.J.; Andrade, K. [49] Brazil K000834251 Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Clarke, D. [4426] Guyana K000404329 Yes
Jan 1, 1988 Thomas, W.; Cid, C.A.; Lima, E.F. [5313] Brazil K000404320 Yes
Jan 1, 1985 Rabelo, B.V.; Solaman, N.; Souza, R. [3052] Brazil K000404296 Yes
Dec 12, 1978 Philcox, D.; Ferreira, A. [4116] Brazil K000404307 Yes
Jan 1, 1976 Ramos, J.F.; Monteiro, O.P.; Nelson, B.W. [P22546] Brazil K000404308 Yes
Jun 1, 1973 Delessert, B.; Claussen, P. [38] Brazil K000404240 Type Yes
Mar 1, 1973 Krukoff, B.A. [2042] Brazil K000834220 Yes
Milliken, W. [1735] Brazil K:SPC-62748.000 No
Ferreira, L.V.; Albernaz, A.L.K.M. [67] Brazil K000404300 Yes
Ferreira, C.A.C.; Sá, C.F.; Martinelli, G.; Soares, E.; Mota, C.D.A.; Batista, E.F. [9492] Brazil K000404301 Yes
Silva, M.A.; Alvarenga, S.; Fonseca, M.L.; Santos, A.J.V. [3838] Brazil K000404328 Yes
Heringer, E.P.; Paula, J.E.; Mendonça, R.C.; Salles, A.E.H. [988] Brazil K000404298 Yes
White, C.E. [s.n.] Brazil K000834991 Yes
Milliken, W.; Miller, R. [822] Brazil K000404124 Yes
Ezechias, P.; george Eiten [14064] Brazil K000404295 Yes
Passos, L.; Guedes, M.L.; Stannard, B.; Atkins, S.; Harley, R.; Saar, E. [PCD 4951] Brazil K000404332 Yes
Hatschbach, G.; Kummrow, R. [38369] Brazil K000404303 Yes
Ferreira, C.A.C. [7090] Brazil K000404321 Yes
Carvalho, A.M.; Zurlo, M.A.; Chautems, A. [2087] Brazil K000404309 Yes
Stannard, B.; Saar, E.; Passos, L.; Gueds, M.L. [5355] Brazil K000404326 Yes
Harley, R.; Bautista, H.P.; Hind, N.; Smith, S. [3702] Brazil K000834253 Yes
Silva, J.M.; Hatschbach, G. [5956] Brazil K000834247 Yes
Giulietti, A.M.; Silva, L.B.; Harley, R.; Gasson, P.; Lughadha, E.N. [6074] Brazil K000404330 Yes
Cordeiro, J.; Silva, J.M.; Vaz, J. [2730] Brazil K000834246 Yes
Schatz, G.E.; Santos, J.U.; Taylor, E.; Rosa, N.A.; Rosario, C.S.; Rebbeck, T.; Silva, J.B.F.; Rosa, M. [846] Brazil K000404311 Yes
Ferreira, C.A.C.. [7712] Brazil K000404322 Yes
Vilhena, R.; Taylor, E.; Schatz, G.C.; Thimothy Richard; Rosário, C.; Santos, M.R. [1012] Brazil K000404319 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [45959] Brazil K000404302 Yes
Freire, E.; Andrade, K.A.; Nunes, R.; Campelo, M.J. [60] Brazil K000834248 Yes
Souza, V.C.; Sano, P.T.; Roque, N.; Harley, R.; Sakuragui, C.M. [5378] Brazil K000834245 Yes
Vargas, A.A. [131] Peru K000404317 Yes
Lewis, G.P. [1421] Brazil K:SPC-53149.000 No
Balée, W.L.; Gely, A. [880] Brazil K000404312 Yes
Hatschbach, G.M.; Barbosa, E. [59720] Brazil K000834222 Yes
Figueirêdo, L.; Andrade, K.; Freire, E. [253] Brazil K000834249 Yes
Jansen-Jacobs, M.J.; Welle, B.J.H.; Rijn, A.R.A.G.; Ek, R.C. [1365] Guyana K000404324 Yes
Milliken, W.; Miller, R. [822] Brazil K:SPC-54299.000 No
Rico, L.; Windsor-Shaw, T.; McRobb, A.; Arroyo, L.; Roth, C. [1460] Bolivia K000295377 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [38970] Brazil K000404299 Yes
Arbo, M.M.; Jardim, J.G.; Ferrucci, M.S.; Sant´Ana, S.C. [7482] Brazil K000404327 Yes
Arostegui V., A. [111] Peru K000404318 Yes
Thomas, W.; Carvalho, A.; Amorim, A.; L.M Silva; Sant´Ana, S. [9571] Brazil K000404316 Yes
Hora, M.J.; Andrade, K.; Freire, E. [52] Brazil K000834242 Yes
Souza, V.C.; Sano, P.T.; Roque, N.; Harley, R.; Sakuragui, C.M. [5378] Brazil K000834243 Yes
Queiroz, L.P.; Nascimento, N.S. [4128] Brazil K000404294 Yes
Ferreira, C.A.C. [7946] Brazil K000404323 Yes
Hora, M.J.; Andrade, K.; Freire, E. [52] Brazil K000834241 Yes
Bernardi, L. [18272] Paraguay K000404297 Yes
Schatz, G.E.; Santos, J.U.; Taylor, E.; Rosa, N.A.; Rebbeck, T.; Rosario, C.S.; Silva, J.B.F.; Rosa, M. [801] Brazil K000404310 Yes
Queiroz, L.P.; Nascimento, N.S. [3447] Brazil K000404325 Yes
Guedes, M.L.; Stannard, B.; Saar, E.; Passos, L. [PCB 5425] Brazil K000404331 Yes
Hunt, D.R.; Ramos, J.F. [5713] Brazil K000404314 Yes
Ratter, J.A.; Bridgewater., S.; Cardoso, E.; Fonsêca, J.; Lima, V.; Munhoz, C.; Oliveira, N.R.; Ribeiro, J.F.; Silva, P.E.N. [6816V] Brazil K000834221 Yes
Carvalho, A.M. [3162] Brazil K000404315 Yes
Souza, V.C.; Sano, P.T.; Roque, N.; Harley, R.; Sakuragui, C.M. [5378] Brazil K000834244 Yes
Rico, L.; Windsor-Shaw, T.; McRobb, A.; Arroyo, L.; Roth, C. [1480] Bolivia K000295368 No
Saar, E.; Passos, L.; Guedes, M.L.; Stannard, B. [PCD5318] Brazil K000404333 Yes
Hunt, D.R. [5713] Brazil K000404313 Yes


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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Legumes of the World Online

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