Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.

First published in J. Washington Acad. Sci. 6: 47 (1916)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Central America to Venezuela and Ecuador. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/144255307/148988354

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 20 m tall with a broad crown; bark rough, grey
Morphology Leaves
Pinnae 2–6 pairs; leaflets 6–16 pairs, rhombic-elliptic, asymmetric, increasing in size towards top of pinna, 20–48 x 9–30 mm, obtuse and mucronulate at apex, ± densely pubescent beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flower-heads on 5–10 cm long peduncles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Calyx 6.5–7.5 mm long. Corolla c. 13 mm long, pink with green lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments white at base, red at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 10–20 x 1.6–2 cm and 6–7 mm thick, brown or blackish, somewhat fleshy with a raised border.
Distribution
Planted at least in S3 (Jubba R. at “Alessandra”) native of tropical America, now widely grown in the tropics.
Vernacular
Rain tree (English).
[FSOM]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1300 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
algarrobillo, árbol de la lluvia, árbol de lluvia, campano, campano bleo, campano hembra, campaño, cenicero, genízaro, guango, llovizno, samaguare, samán, sámano, sanaguaré, sanaguaro, urero
[UNAL]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 0 - 1300 m.
Distribution
Native and cultivated in Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Tree.
[UPB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–1300 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Cauca, Cesar, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC. National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Habit
Tree.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Samán
[UPFC]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Acacia Preta, Algarrobo, Arbor De Lluvia, Arbre a la Pluie, Arbre a Pluie, Bonara, Bonarambaza, Campano, Carabeli, Carreto, Cenicero, Cenizaro, Chorona, Coco Tamarind, Couji, Cow Tamarind, Dormilon, East Indian Walnut, French Tamarind, Genizaro, Giant Thi
[ILDIS]

Uses

Use
Samanea saman is often used as a street tree in tropical countries with a higher rainfall. It also has a valuable wood Pods with a sweet edible pulp.
[FSOM]

Use Animal Food
Eaten by animals (Carvajal et al. 2014).
Use Environmental Ornamentals
Live plant (in situ) - Grown in gardens and parks (Carvajal et al. 2014).
Use Environmental Shade Shelter
Used as shade plants (Carvajal et al. 2014).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Wood
Used for beams (Carvajal et al. 2014).
Use Medicines Digestive System Disorders
Flowers - Used in liquid medicines for the treatment of intestinal complaints (Carvajal et al. 2014).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Wood
[ILDIS]

Common Names

English
Monkey Pod
Spanish
Samán, campano.

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/