Pseudarthria Wight & Arn.

First published in Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 209 (1834)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Africa, Tropical Asia.

Descriptions

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial herbs or subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate (abnormally subpalmately 5-foliolate); stipules free, lanceolate, striate; stipels present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or axillary, falsely racemose or paniculate, the flowers paired or fasciculate on the rhachis; bracts narrow; bracteoles absent or minute and soon deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed; lobes subequal, the upper pair almost entirely joined to form a lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla small, purple or white, glabrous; standard rounded or obovate, narrowed into a claw; wings free from the keel, auriculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Vexillary stamen entirely free in fully opened flowers; anthers uniform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary sessile or stipitate, many-ovuled; style filiform, recurved at the apex, glabrous; stigma terminal, capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods narrowly linear-oblong, much flattened, the sutures often sinuate between the seeds, not articulate but splitting into 2 thin reticulate valves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subreniform, compressed, almost without an aril; funicle elongated.
[FTEA]

Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or axillary, falsely racemose or paniculate, the flowers paired or fasciculate on the rhachis; bracts narrow; bracteoles absent or minute and soon deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed; lobes subequal, the upper pair almost entirely joined to form a lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla small, purple or white, glabrous; standard rounded or obovate, narrowed into a claw; wings free from the keel, auriculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Vexillary stamen entirely free in fully opened flowers; anthers uniform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary sessile or stipitate, many-ovuled; style filiform, recurved at the apex, glabrous; stigma terminal, capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit narrowly linear-oblong, much flattened, the sutures often sinuate between the seeds, not articulate but splitting into 2 thin reticulate valves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subreniform, compressed, almost without an aril; funicle elongated.
Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial herbs or subshrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate (abnormally subpalmately 5-foliolate); stipules free, lanceolate, striate; stipels present.
[FZ]

Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

Habit
Herbs, subshrubs or shrubs
Ecology
Seasonally dry tropical forest margins, grassland, open or disturbed areas
Distribution
Africa (2-3 spp.), India and Malesia (1 sp.)
Note
With further research traditional estimates of 4-6 spp. in Pseudarthria may be reduced; a number of African species may be better treated as infraspecific variants of P. hookeri Wight & Arn.; this genus was placed in tribe Pseudarthrieae (Hutchinson 1964) or subtribe Pseudarthriinae of tribe Desmodieae (Praminik & Thothathri, 1989)

The tribe Desmodieae as treated by Ohashi et al. (1981) comprised 27 genera and c. 540 species in three subtribes, the Bryinae, Desmodiinae and Lespedezinae. Molecular analyses by Bailey et al. (1997) and Doyle et al. (2000) show that Bryinae has affinities elsewhere; Lavin et al. (2001a) place it within the Pterocarpus clade of the Dalbergieae sens. lat. (see page 309). The Bryinae are therefore removed from the Desmodieae here, as are two genera formerly placed in subtribe Lespedezinae; Phylacium Benn. and Neocollettia Hemsl., which are moved to tribe Phaseoleae (see page 393) on morphological, palynological and molecular evidence (Doyle et al., 2000; Kajita et al., 2001). The two remaining subtribes of Desmodieae are recognised in this treatment as three groups, the Lespedeza, Phyllodium and Desmodium groups, based on results of an analysis of the chloroplast gene rbcL (Kajita et al., 2001). The Phyllodium and Desmodium groups correspond to subtribe Desmodiinae, and the Lespedeza group to subtribe Lespedezinae (with Campylotropis now comprising 37 instead of 65 species as in Ohashi et al., 1981).

Desmodieae as circumscribed here comprises 30 genera and (524)–527–(530) species (Fig. 48). The tribe occurs in the tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of the world, but extends into the cool temperate and sub-boreal regions of E Asia and N America (except W of the Rocky Mountains). At generic level subtribe Desmodiinae is most diverse in tropical S and SE Asia (Dy Phon et al., 1994), while temperate E Asia (Yang & Huang, 1995) and N America (Isely, 1998) are the centres of diversity of subtribe Lespedezinae. The tribe occurs widely from coastal to montane areas, but not at high altitudes. Species are most commonly shrubs or subshrubs, sometimes herbs, rarely trees and are usually erect and 3-foliolate.

The Desmodieae have been considered similar to tribe Phaseoleae (Polhill, 1981a) and were recently shown to be a monophyletic lineage included within Phaseoleae sens. lat. (Fig. 47, page 394), closely related to subtribe Kennediinae (Doyle & Doyle, 1993, Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997) and possibly sister to Mucuna (Bailey et al., 1997; Doyle et al., 2000; Kajita et al., 2001).

[LOWO]

Uses

Use
Used as medicine
[LOWO]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Legumes of the World Online

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0