Picnomon acarna (L.) Cass.

First published in G.-F.Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. 40: 188 (1826)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Canary Islands (Gran Canaria), Europe to Medit. and Afghanistan. It is an annual and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.


Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, North Caucasus, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sicilia, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Baltic States, Finland, South Australia, Sweden, Victoria


Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Edmondson, J.R. & Hind, D.J.N. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Iraq 6: 1-458. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Komiljon, T., Natalya, B., Avazbek, B., Dilnoza, A., Ziyoviddin, Y., Deng, T. & Sun, H. (2020). Flora of the Dzhizak Province, Uzbekistan: 1-523. China Forestry Publishing House.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 1: 1-366. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Flora of Iraq

  • Blakelock in Kew Bull. 4: 60 (1949)
  • Breckle, Hedge, Podlech & Rafiqpoor, Vasc. Pl. Afghan. checklist: 180 (2013)
  • Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2, 40: 188 (1826)
  • Feinbrun-Dothan, Fl. Palaest. 3: 380 (1978)
  • Kupicha in Fl. Turkey 5: 412 (1975)
  • Petrak in Fl. Iranica 139a: 283 (1979)
  • Taifour & El-Oqlah, Pl. Jordan Ann. Checkl.: 45 (2017).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Boulos, L.; Al-Eisawi; Lahham, J.; Oran, S. [9210] Jordan K002006572 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Iran K002006566 No
Rawi, A.; Serhang, I. [26471] Iraq K002006556 Yes
Wheeler Haines, R. [425] Iraq K002006550 Yes
Juan, A. [11173] Spain K002006480 Yes
Sintenis, P. [552] Turkey K002006583 No
Duma; Pest, G.E. [s.n.] West Bank K002006578 No
Porta, P.; Rigo, G. [s.n.] Italy K002006471 Yes
Trott, A.C. [613] Iran K002006517 No
Prior, A.; Balansa, B. [642] Turkey K002006537 Yes
[Oran]; August, H. [263] Algeria K002006585 No
Boissier, E. [s.n.] Spain K002006484 Yes
Thomas, L. [s.n.] Italy K002006476 Yes
{Ledebour} [s.n.] K002006511 No
Zuccarini [240] Greece K002006466 Yes
Hazim [30650] Iraq K002006543 Yes
Davis [46841] Turkey K002006505 No
Davis; Polunin, O. [[24,781]] Turkey K002006501 No
Probyn, F.M. [s.n.] Cyprus K002006495 No
Eristavi, M.; et al. [19] Georgia K002006510 No
Stevēn; Steven [s.n.] Georgia K002006514 No
Alexeenko, Th. [1072] Azerbaijan K002006512 No
Kennedy, E.W. [964] Cyprus K002006490 No
Rechinger, F.; Rechinger, K.H. [6596] Iran K000318492 Yes
Groves, H. [s.n.] Italy K002006475 Yes
Reverchon, E. [190] Greece K002006464 Yes
Radde [s.n.] K002006515 No
Willkomm, H.M.; Gay, J. [346] Spain K002006483 Yes
Kotte, W. [579] Turkey K002006536 Yes
{McNeill} [437] Turkey K002006502 No
Corley, R.V.H. [67] Iran K002006563 No
Crisp, P. [52] Iran K002006581 No
Syngrassides, A.L. [43[8]] Cyprus K002006499 No
Meyers, F. [4158] West Bank K002006579 No
Guest, E. [12922] Iraq K002006559 Yes
Rawi; Tikriti; Nuri [28996] Iraq K002006548 Yes
Bornmüller, J. [4026] Iran K002006569 No
Fischer [s.n.] Azerbaijan K002006564 No
Balls, E.K.; Gourlay, W.B. [B3881] Greece K002006459 Yes
Prior, A. [s.n.] Italy K002006468 Yes
Chapman, E. [26372] Iraq K002006529 No
Crisp, P. [50] Iran K002006580 No
Aitchison, J.E.T. [750] Afghanistan K002006532 Yes
Archibald, J.C. [3119] Iran K002006562 No
Griffith [766] Afghanistan K002006535 Yes
Lowne, B.T. [s.n.] Italy K002006467 Yes
Granada; Nevada, S. [346] Spain K002006479 Yes
Crisp, P. [25] Iran K000318491 Yes
Syngrassides, A. [382] Cyprus K002006497 No
Khatib, A.; Boulos, L. [19460] Syria K002006573 No
Gilliat-Smith, B. [2102] Iran K002006565 No
Foster [s.n.] Greece K002006500 No
Graham, R.J.D. [s.n.] Iraq K002006541 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Georgia K002006513 No
Al-Rawi, A.; Serhang, I. [24855] Iraq K002006558 Yes
Falconer [s.n.] Afghanistan K002006534 Yes
{Heldreich} [[827]] Greece K002006465 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [0526] Iran K002006519 No
Borel, J.M.; Willmott, E.A. [s.n.] Italy K002006470 Yes
Casey, E.C. [69] Cyprus K002006492 No
Davis, R.H. [14013] Turkey K002006507 No
Tedd, H.G. [1628] Greece K002006460 Yes
Guest, E.R. [4996] Iraq K002006547 Yes
{Stapf} [1754] Iran K002006520 No
Serhang, I.; Rawi, A. [26529] Iraq K002006553 Yes
Wheeler Haines, R. [W21] Iraq K002006527 No
[?] [4421] Iraq K002006546 Yes
Balansa, B. [642] K002006523 No
Syngrassides, A. [1250] Cyprus K002006498 No
Demjanenko, E. [1072a] Ukraine K002006485 Yes
Péronin, A. [125] K002006525 No
[?] [[Cn-10]] K002006588 No
Kennedy, E.W. [964] Cyprus K002006489 No
Regel, A. [s.n.] Kazakhstan K002006586 No
Davis, P.H.; Hedge, I.C. [32731] Turkey K002006503 No
Atchley, S.C. [240] Greece K002006458 Yes
Davis, P.H. [14301] Turkey K002006524 No
Gay, J.E.; Noë [1440] Italy K002006469 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [348] Lebanon K002006575 No
Griffith [3307] Afghanistan K002006531 Yes
[Bremi] [649] Italy K002006473 Yes
Aucher-Eloy [3378] Iran K002006570 No
Merton, L.F.H. [43] Cyprus K002006494 No
Furse, P. [8892] Iran K002006561 No
H. J.[pe] [88] Iraq K002006526 No
Balansa, B. [642] K002006522 No
Atchley, S.C. [240] Greece K002006456 Yes
Genneon, A. [1563] Cyprus K002006496 No
Rawi; Chock; Alizzis; [Min] [19682] Iraq K002006557 Yes
Reverchon, E. [190] Greece K002006463 Yes
Al-Rawi, A. [20789] Iraq K002006544 Yes
Lindsay, N. [1277] Iran K002006516 No
Reverchon, E. [190] Greece K002006461 Yes
Chapman, E. [26209] Iraq K002006528 No
Reverchon, E. [240] Spain K002006482 Yes
Hazim; Nuri [30651] Iraq K002006540 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [307] Lebanon K002006574 No
Atherton, G.E. [128] Cyprus K002006493 No
Gilliot-Smith, B. [s.n.] Iran K002006567 No
[Davis] [10020] West Bank K002006571 No
Rechinger, K.H. [1865] Iran K002006582 No
Rawi; Nuri; Tikriti [28968] Iraq K002006549 Yes
Sintenis, P.E.E. [7411] Armenia K000778276 Unknown Type Material Yes
Fiori, Adr., Béguinot, A.; Pampanini, R. [498] Italy K002006477 Yes
Khan, S.; Prance, G.T.; Ratcliffe, D. [257] Turkey K002006506 No
Guest, E.R. [15846] Iraq K002006555 Yes
Rawi, A. [21560] Iraq K002006542 Yes
{McNeill} [436] Turkey K002006504 No
Kotschy, C.G.T. [[2737]] Turkey K002006538 Yes
{Heldreich} [s.n.] Armenia K002006508 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Ukraine K002006487 Yes
Gillett [12415] Iraq K002006554 Yes
Bunge, A.A. [s.n.] Iran K002006568 No
Syngrassides, A. [1250] Cyprus K002006533 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [0528] Iran K002006518 No
Balansa, B.; Coss [1036] Algeria K002006584 No
Atchley, S.C. [517] Greece K002006457 Yes
Rawi, A.; Serhang, I. [26469] Iraq K002006551 Yes
Kennedy, E.W. [964] Cyprus K002006491 No
Serhang, I.; Rawi, A. [26602] Iraq K002006552 Yes
Guest, E. [12934] Iraq K002006560 Yes
Barclay, C. [3250] Greece K002006462 Yes
Dörfler, I.; Callier, A. [655] K002006486 Yes
{Salzm.} [s.n.] Italy K002006472 Yes
Jury, S.L.; Springate, L.S.; Ait Lafkih, M. [11229] Morocco K002006587 No
Endress [s.n.] Spain K002006481 Yes
Davis, P.H. [14448] Turkey K002006530 Yes
Hossain, M. [629] Iraq K002006545 Yes
Davis, P.H. [16013] Turkey K002006521 No


  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
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