Spirodela punctata (G.Mey.) C.H.Thomps.

First published in Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 1898: 28 (1898)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical America to Central Chile. It is a hydroannual and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food.

Distribution

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Azores, Bangladesh, Germany, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Portugal, Spain, Tennessee

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Ward, D.B. (2011). Spirodela oligorrhiza (Lemnaceae) is the correct name for the Lesser Greater Duckweed. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 197-203.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Landoltia punctata.]
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela. [Cited as Landoltia punctata.]
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. [Cited as Landoltia punctata.]

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2023). http://dx.doi.org/10.17348/jbrit.v17.i1.1293. epublication.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Schäfer, H. (2021). Flora of the Azores a field guide: 1-445. Margraf Publishers GmbH.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1979 Seeman, B. [656] Fiji K000499482 Unknown Type Material Yes
Ward, C.J. [9889] South Africa K002467563 Yes
Ward, C.J.; Ward, J.D. [144] South Africa K002467564 Yes
Griffith [5613] India K002467493 Yes
Gurr, J. [129847] New Zealand K002467517 Yes
Ward, C.J. [10039] South Africa K002467562 Yes
H. M. B[i]gel [3418] Zimbabwe K002467556 Yes
Matthew, K.M.; Britto, S.J.; Rani, N. [28651] India K002467492 Yes
Ward, C.J. [9752] South Africa K002467567 Yes
Mauve, A.A. [4618] South Africa K002467566 Yes
Melville, R.; Wakefield, N. [2934] Australia K002467513 Yes
Melville, R. [2074] Australia K002467512 Yes
Ellis, H.V.L. [57610] Zimbabwe K002467555 Yes
Furuse, M. [5623] Japan K002467473 Yes
Lojka, H. [2356A] South Africa K002467568 Yes
White, C.T. [s.n.] Australia K002467516 Yes
Furuse, M. [46683] Japan K002467472 Yes
Phipps, J.B. [1343] Zimbabwe K002467557 Yes
Ward, C.J. [10306] South Africa K002467561 Yes
Boorman, J.L. [s.n.] Australia K002467515 Yes
Ward, C.J. [7609] South Africa K002467565 Yes
Rodway, F.A. [1551] Australia K002467514 Yes
[Fritz Mueller] [464] Brazil Spirodela intermedia K002467589 Yes
Walter, M. [43] Paraguay Spirodela intermedia K002467598 Yes
Wood, J.R.I.; Huayalla, H. [21004] Bolivia Spirodela intermedia K001321493 Yes
Schinini, A.; Galbany, M.; Ruiz de León, A. [34986] Argentina Spirodela intermedia K002467600 Yes
[Dr. Fritz Mueller] [463] Brazil Spirodela intermedia K002467590 Yes
s.coll. [20539] Brazil Spirodela intermedia K002467591 Yes
Pedersen, T.M. [2813] Argentina Spirodela intermedia K002467596 Yes
Wright, C. [3723] Spirodela intermedia K002467588 Yes
Cristóbal, C.L.; Schinini, A. [1031] Argentina Spirodela intermedia K002467599 Yes
Giardelli, M.L. [502] Argentina Spirodela intermedia K002467597 Yes
Grüner, G. [539] Argentina Spirodela biperforata K002467601 Yes
Wingfield, R.; Lemus, L. [8728] Venezuela Landoltia punctata K002468332 Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • CATE Araceae

    • Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0