Gloriosa L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent to Malesia.

[FTEA]

Colchicaceae, Kim Hoenselaar. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Plants erect or scandent, simple or branching, with a stoloniferous corm
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, opposite, or verticillate and clustered, sometimes falcate or ending in a tendril
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers large and showy, solitary in leaf axils (sometimes corymbose); pedicel erect, recurved apically
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments free, (strongly) reflexed, clawed at the base, sometimes falcate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens free; filaments filiform or sometimes flattened; anthers narrowly linear-oblong, dorsifixed, versatile, dehiscing latrorsely to extrorsely by longitudinal slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary (narrowly) elliptic-oblong to oblong; style entire in the lower part, trifid towards the apex with 3 subulate forks obliquely stigmatose at the apex, bent at right angles at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong, loculicidal, coriaceous; seeds globose, fleshy, red.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Climbing or erect herbs with a lobed corm
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged, the lower ones opposite or whorled, linear to ovate, often attenuate into a ± recurved tendril at the tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers on long pedicels in upper part of plant
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 6, similar, free, yellow, orange or red, reflexed or spreading, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with filiform filaments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid to oblong; style filiform, straight or bent sharply outwards at the base, 3-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid to oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, fleshy, red or orange.
Distribution
About eleven species in Africa and Asia.

[FTEA]

Colchicaceae, Kim Hoenselaar. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Plants with a stoloniferous corm; stem erect, simple, leafy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± distichously arranged, the base sheathing the stem Lowermost leaf or leaves a membranous, sheathing, tubular cataphyll, not protracted into a leaf-blade
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, born in the axils of many leaves, bright-colored; pedicel recurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth campanulate, perianth segments forming a small tube, otherwise free, segments nectariferous and obscurely pouch-shaped at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted at the base of the perianth segments; filaments filiform; anthers narrowly linear-oblong, dorsifixed, versatile, dehiscing extrorsely by longitudinal slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style erect, entire in lower part, 3-forked above, stigmas minute, capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule elliptic-oblong, septicidal, coreacious; seeds globose.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Cook Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Line Is., Nauru, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., Queensland, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Society Is., Solomon Is., Suriname, Tokelau-Manihiki, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Gloriosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 305 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Maroyi, A. (2012). The genus Gloriosa (Colchicaceae) - ethnobotany, phylogeny and taxonomy: 1-194. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 563.
  • Sp. Pl. 305 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Field in Kew Bull. 25: 243 (1972)
  • Field in The genus Gloriosa, Lilies and other Liliaceae 1973: 93–95 (1972).
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in J.L.S. 17 (103): 457–458 (1879)
  • Field in K.B. 25: 243–244 (1971)
  • In F.T.A. 7: 563–565 (1898)
  • Nordenstam in Kubitzki, Fam. & Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 183 (1998)
  • in Sp. Pl. 2 (1753)
  • in The genus Gloriosa, Lilies and other Liliaceae 1973: 93–95 (1972)

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0