Senecio vulgaris L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 867 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, Europe to China and Arabian Peninsula. It is an annual and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a poison and a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cardo, cerrajilla, flor de paraguas, yuyito
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 2100 - 3500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Alt. 2100 - 3500 m.
Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.
[UPB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2100–3500 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Putumayo, Santander, Tolima.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. & Hind, D. J. N. (Eds). (2019). Flora of Iraq, Volume 6: Compositae.Kew Publishing

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual 6–40(–50) cm tall; stem erect, branched or simple, ± glabrous to sparsely arachnoid (as are the leaves)
Morphology Leaves
Basal and lower cauline leaves obovate to oblong in outline, 1.2–9.5 × 0.3–1.5 cm, pinnatifid or dentate-lobate, shortly petiolate; median cauline leaves similar but sessile, amplexicaul, auriculate, reducing upwards; upper leaves ± similar, frequently not much reduced
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence corymbose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula  discoid,  rarely  (not  in Iraq) shortly ligulate; involucre cylindrical, 0.5 cm in diameter; phyllaries glabrous, linear, acute, (5–)6–8 mm, often black-tipped; calycular bracts numerous, (1–)1.5–3 mm, usually black-tipped or occasionally entirely black
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 1.5–2 mm, densely appressed-pilose; pappus ± 6 mm, white.
Ecology
A weed of cultivation, in gardens, orchards and in cereal fields; alt. 35–300 m.;
Phenology
flowering & fruiting: Jan.-May, probably in gardens throughout the year.
Distribution
Occasional in the dry steppe zone and in the desert region of Iraq, on the irrigated alluvial plain. Throughout Europe, Aegean Is. to Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Egypt, Arabia, Turkey, Caucasia, Iran, Afghanistan, E & W Siberia, N Africa (Morocco to Libya), Macaronesia (Madeira, Canary Is.). Introduced in E Asia, N America and elsewhere.
Note
Common Groundsel, a frequent weed of cultivated ground in Europe and elsewhere and, according to Johns (1908), a favourite food of many small birds. Wren (1956) states that this plant is diuretic and diaphoretic; it is said to relieve bilious pains and, in strong infusions, acts as a purgative and emetic.
Vernacular
? SHAIKH AR-RABI (which in this case might be loosely translated as “Harbinger of Spring”.
[FIQ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 14–37 cm high.
Morphology Stem
Stems at first white-pubescent, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves sessile, oblanceolate or oblanceolate-elliptic in outline, tapered into an expanded exauriculate petioloid base, pinnately toothed or lobed, rounded, soon disappearing; stem leaves sessile, oblong to broadly oblong in outline, auriculate, semi-amplexicaul, shortly to deeply pinnately lobulate with oblong to oblong-linear, apiculate-dentate lobes, 2.3–6 cm long, 0.15–0.6 (–1–1.7 cm across the lobes) cm wide; all leaves with scattered long white hairs above on midrib and beneath especially on midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula discoid, in congested terminal corymbs; stalk of individual heads with long white pubescence, glabrescent; involucre cylindrical, 7–8 mm long, 2.5 mm in diameter; bracts of calyculus ± 8, imbricate, lanceolate, glabrous, up to 2 mm long; phyllaries ± 19, glabrous, 6.5–7.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray florets 0; disc florets yellow, corolla 5 mm long, tube expanded in the upper 1/3, glabrous, narrowly tubular below, lobes 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 2.5 mm long, ribbed, hairy in the grooves; pappus 5–5.5 mm long.
Habitat
Very little information, but probably in ruderal sites and a weed of cultivation; 1800–3000 m
Distribution
originally from temperate Eurasia and N Africa, now widely naturalized K3 K5 T3
[FTEA]

Uses

Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0