Tabebuia heterophylla (DC.) Britton

This species is accepted, and its native range is Caribbean. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly 3–5-foliolate or sometimes 1-foliolate; leaflets up to 16 x 7.5 cm, the middle one on up to 5.5 cm long stalk
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in panicles that are often reduced to 1 or 2 flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 7–12 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla lavender to pale magenta or white, 3.5–7 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule linear-cylindric, 7–20 x 0.6–1 cm.
Distribution
Cultivated at least in N1. Native in the West Indies.
Vernacular
White cedar (English).
Note
First record for Somalia. The Somali plant was identified at Kew as T. pallida (Lindl.) Miers, but the 3-foliolate leaves and other features agree better with T. heterophylla as circumscribed by Gentry in Flora Neotropica 25(2): 193–198 (1992).

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
roble

[FTEA]

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Fast growing shrub or small to large tree up to 20 m tall or more.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous, palmately 3–5-foliolate.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets very variable, the terminal leaflet obovate to obovateelliptic, the laterals elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 1–16 × 0.4–7.5 cm, obtuse to rounded at the apex and base.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 0.5–8(–14) cm long. Petioles 0.2–5.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in few to many-flowered panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cupular, 7–12 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla lavender, pale magenta or mauve with yellow throat, tubular to funnel-shaped, tube 3–5.5 cm long and lobes 0.8–2 cm long, glabrous outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit linear-cylindrical, 7–20 × 0.6–1 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2-winged, 20–30 × 7–9 mm.
Note
Native of West Indies where very widely distributed. Has been grown in Tanzania: Zanzibar, Kizimbani Experimental Station, fide U.O.P.Z. The complex nomenclatural tangles surrounding this species are explained at length by Sandwith in K.B. 1953: 453–454 (1954) and Gentry in Fl. Neotrop. 23 (2): 196–197 (1992). The reference to Tabebuia pallida in F.Z. Bignon.: 8(3): 62 (1988) refers to this species. True T. pallida (Lindl.) Miers has mainly 1-foliolate leaves sometimes with some 3-foliolate and is restricted to the Lesser Antilles. It is very close to T. heterophylla and Gentry (Fl. Neotrop. 25(2): 234 (1992)) doubts it is a true biological species.

[UPFC]
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.

[UPFC]
Vernacular
Roble

[FSOM]
Use
Cultivated as an ornamental

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Bahamas, Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Florida, Hawaii

Tabebuia heterophylla (DC.) Britton appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 2: 48 (1915)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Gentry, A.H (1992). Bignoniaceae-Part II (Tribe Tecomeae) Flora Neotropica, Monograph 25(II): 1-370.
  • Grose, S.O. & Olmstead, R.G. (2007). Taxonomic revisions in the polyphyletic genus Tabebuia s. l. (Bignoniaceae) Systematic Botany 32: 660-670.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Gentry, A.H (1992). Bignoniaceae-Part II (Tribe Tecomeae) Flora Neotropica, Monograph 25(II): 1-370.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Gentry in Flora Neotropica 25(2): 193–198 (1992).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • RBG, Kew (ed.) (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0