Erythroxylum P.Browne

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FTEA]

Erythroxylaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or shrublets, the young shoots often ± markedly compressed
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, alternate, involute in bud; stipules intrapetiolar, ± united, persistent or partially to completely deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, in fascicles or solitary, heterostylous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, valvate, triangular, connate and broadened at the base, ± coriaceous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white to yellowish cream, free, clawed; nectary-appendage large, usually exceeding the calyx, entire or 2–3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with the filaments equal or unequal and then those opposite the sepals shorter, united at the base to form a deep ± persistent cup with entire or ± toothed margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary (2–)3-locular, the locules with solitary ovules; styles free or partially united, spreading; stigmas obliquely capitate or rarely acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded drupe with the sterile locule ± apparent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed oblong-ellipsoid; endosperm usually fleshy.

[FZ]

Erythroxylaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or shrublets, with young shoots usually ± compressed.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, alternate, simple, entire, involute when young, with venation varying in prominence and degree of reticulation; stipules intrapetiolar, ± united, persistent or partially to completely deciduous or caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, in fascicles or solitary, heterostylic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, valvate, triangular, connate and broadened at the base, ± coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white to cream-yellow, free, unguiculate; nectary appendage (ligule) large, usually exceeding the calyx, entire or 2–3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5 + 5, with filaments equal or unequal (antisepalous shorter than antipetalous), united in the lower part to form a deep cup with margin entire or ± denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary (2) 3-locular with 1-ovulate loculi; styles free or partially united, divergent; stigmas obliquely capitate, rarely acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded drupe, with sterile loculi ± apparent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed oblong-elliptic, usually with fleshy endosperm.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Guinea-Bissau, Kazan-retto, Taiwan

Erythroxylum P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Harley, R.M. [27720], Brazil 54777.000 No
Lucas, E.J. [430], Brazil K001201596 Yes
Silva, S.J. [1461], Brazil K001201597 Yes
Lima, H.C. [2907], Brazil K001201632 Yes
Harley, R.M. [558008], Brazil K001201644 Yes
Silva, L.F. [182], Brazil K001201648 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [2421], Brazil K001201650 Yes
Coda, S. [s.n.], Brazil K001201653 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [9008], Brazil K001201610 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [1576], Brazil K001201643 Yes
Neto, S.J.S. [1467], Brazil K001201611 Yes
Hamilton, W.D. [213], Brazil K001201599 Yes
Saar, E. [5246], Brazil K001201622 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [661], Brazil K001201595 Yes
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0474], Brazil K001201618 Yes
Neto, S.J.S. [502], Brazil K001201637 Yes
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8436], Brazil K001201642 Yes
Inácio, E. [206], Brazil K001201590 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55730], Brazil K001201655 Yes
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0026], Brazil K001201613 Yes
Marcon, A.B. [155], Brazil K001201589 Yes
Pires, M.J. [1985], Brazil K001201620 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54683], Brazil K001201640 Yes
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0022], Brazil K001201616 Yes
Lima, H.C. [2875], Brazil K001201630 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [999], Brazil K001201592 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55739], Brazil K001201657 Yes
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0473], Brazil K001201603 Yes
Carvalho, A.M. [3043], Brazil K001201628 Yes
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8065], Brazil K001201641 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54653], Brazil K001201639 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55739], Brazil K001201656 Yes
Bridgewater, S. [S/754], Brazil K001201602 Yes
Silva, J.M. [3778], Brazil K001201608 Yes
Fonseca, M.R. [1294], Brazil K001201591 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [R7870v], Brazil K001201601 Yes
Pires, J.M. [1985], Brazil K001201621 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [744], Brazil K001201594 Yes
Ribeiro, R.D. [1308], Brazil K001201645 Yes
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0472], Brazil K001201619 Yes
R.W.B. [FOX 0214], Brazil K001201658 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55764], Brazil K001201633 Yes
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0473], Brazil K001201604 Yes
Lima, H.C. [6424], Brazil K001201638 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [10378], Brazil K001201649 Yes
Prance, G.T. [15431], Brazil K001201598 Yes
Schatz, G.E. [921], Brazil K001201625 Yes
Saar, E. [5246], Brazil K001201623 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55792], Brazil K001201647 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54792], Brazil K001201636 Yes
Souza, V.C. [5338], Brazil K001201627 Yes
Mori, S. [13443], Brazil K001201659 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [9014], Brazil K001201624 Yes
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0026], Brazil K001201614 Yes
Soares-Silva, L.H. [338], Brazil K001201651 Yes
Nee, M. [34803], Brazil K001201600 Yes
Souza, G.M. [96], Brazil K001201606 Yes
R.W.B. [FOX 0210], Brazil K001201615 Yes
Souza, V.C. [5338], Brazil K001201626 Yes
Oldenburger, F.H.F. [s.n.], Brazil K001201635 Yes
Hora, M.J. [93], Brazil K001201605 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [1075], Brazil K001201593 Yes
Ribeiro, R.D. [1309], Brazil K001201646 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55764], Brazil K001201654 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [8940], Brazil K001201609 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [9132], Brazil K001201612 Yes
Silva, F.C. [1838], Brazil K001201652 Yes
Lima, H.C. [2900], Brazil K001201631 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [6035], Brazil K001201629 Yes
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0005], Brazil K001201617 Yes
Harley, R.M. [55801], Brazil K001201634 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 9114], Vietnam Erythroxylon K001132232 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 7519], Malaysia Erythroxylon K001127436 Yes

First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 278 (1756)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 273.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Hist. Jam.: 278 (1756).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hist. Jamaica: 278 (1756)
  • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 134 (1907)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

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    © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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