Sphaeranthus senegalensis DC.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, 0.1–1 m tall, usually well-branched, erect or decumbent; branches winged, densely puberulous to pubescent (tomentose in West Africa), the wings spinulose-dentate, puberulous and glandular.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves membranous, lanceolate, 1–10 cm long, 0.5–3.5 cm wide, base cuneate and decurrent into the wings, margins spinulose-dentate, apex acute with a spinulose tip, pubescent to puberulous (shortly lanate in West Africa), glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Glomerules purple, globose (rarely double) to slightly ovoid, 6–13 mm in diameter (and up to 14 or rarely 18 mm long when ovoid); peduncle 0.5–6 cm long, winged or not winged, puberulous (to tomentose in West Africa); receptacle globose or ovoid; glomerule bracts hidden by the capitula, ovate to linear, 2–4 mm long, spinulose-acute, scarious, puberulous and glandular, ciliate; capitula sessile, with 7–14 bracts, these linear to narrowly elliptic, 2–3.5 mm long, scarious, acute, pectinate-ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets:outer florets 4–12, tube narrowing rapidly and then filiform, 1–1.4 mm long, lobes < 0.1 mm long, style 1.3–1.7 mm long; inner florets 1–3, tube with a wide corky base narrowing rapidly in its distal half, 1.4–2 mm long, glandular proximally, lobes 0.3–0.5 mm long and glandular, anthers 1–1.2 mm long, style 2.1–3 mm long, shortly bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes of outer florets ellipsoid, 0.6–0.7 mm long, puberulous, of inner florets empty, obconical, ± 1 mm long, glabrous.
Habitat
Seasonal streams, swamps and waterholes; on sand and mud, possibly an eutrophy indicator; 100–1300 m
Distribution
T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 W Africa from Senegal to Nigeria, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwesouthern Asia from India to China and Thailand

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A branched annual herb 1-3 ft. high or half-decumbent
Morphology General Indumentum
Softly whitish-hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flower-heads reddish-purple about 1/3-1/2 in. across.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Chad, China South-Central, Congo, East Himalaya, Guinea-Bissau, India, Jawa, Laos, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Sphaeranthus senegalensis DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1995 Speke [s.n.] K000274163 Yes
Chev. [1042], Mali K000274137 Unknown type material Yes
Perrottet [431], Senegal K000274138 Unknown type material Yes
Perrottet [431], Senegal K000274139 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3179], India Sphaeranthus africanus K001118695 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3179] Sphaeranthus africanus K001118696 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3179] Sphaeranthus africanus K001118697 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3179], India Sphaeranthus africanus K001118694 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3179], Myanmar Sphaeranthus africanus K001118699 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3179], Myanmar Sphaeranthus africanus K001118698 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3179] Sphaeranthus africanus K001118701 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3179], Myanmar Sphaeranthus africanus K001118700 Yes

First published in Prodr. 5: 370 (1836)

Accepted by

  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 170.
  • Prod. 5: 370 (1836)
  • Ross-Craig in Hook. Ic. Pl., ser. 5, 6: 25, t. 3502B

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 267, fig. 257 (1963).
  • DC., Prodr. 5: 370 (1836).
  • Robyns in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1924: 197 (1924).
  • Ross-Craig in Hook., Ic. Pl. ser. 5, 6: 25, t. 3502b (1954).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0