Genus:
Tridax L.

Tridax procumbens L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb, sprawling or ascending but with erect inflorescences, 15–50 cm tall; stems scabrid-pilose, rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, narrowly ovate or ovate, often slightly 3-lobed, 2–7(–12) cm long, 1–4(–6) cm wide, base cuneate, margins coarsely dentate to incised-dentate, apex acute to acuminate, scabrid on both surfaces; petiole 4–30 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary and terminal, urn-shaped; stalks of individual capitula 7–25 cm long; involucre 7–8 mm long; phyllaries in 2–3 series, green, ovate and pilose; paleae linear, 6–8 mm long, pilose near apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray florets 2–6, white, cream or pale yellow, tube 3.5 mm long, pilose near apex, ray ovate, 2.5–5 mm long, 3-dentate at apex; disc florets forming a cone, yellow, 5–7 mm long, puberulous near base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes narrowly obovoid, black, 2–2.5 mm long, hairy; pappus of many unequal plumose bristles 2.5–3 mm long in marginal florets, 4–7.5 mm long in central florets.
Figures
Fig. 164 (page 765).
Habitat
weed of cultivation, also on waste ground, an invader of bare soil; may form patches or mats; 0–1700(–2850) m
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 originally from Central America, now a pantropical weed

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 2000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Pantropical.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, 15–50 cm high; stems procumbent, striate, pilose to hirsute
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or alternate near inflorescence, outline ovate to elliptic, 1.5–7(–12)´0.5–3.5(–6) cm, simple to 3‑lobed or 3‑cleft, base cuneate to attenuate, margins coarsely dentate, apex acute or acuminate, scabrid on both surfaces, petiolate; petiole to 1.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary on stalks to 22 cm long; involucre 5–8 mm long; outer phyllaries green, inner light brown, scabrid-pilose; paleae linear, 6–9 mm long, keeled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray florets pale yellow or cream, 3–6, rays 2–5´2 mm; disk florets yellow, 5–7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes black, cylindrical to narrowly obovoid, 1.8–2.5 mm long, pubescent; pappus of ray florets reduced, 2–3 mm long, of disk florets of plumose unequal bristles 3–5 mm long, flattened near base.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 5–2000 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariñ
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Botoncillo

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A low herb with weak trailing branches and long-stalked flower-heads about 1/2 in. long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray-florets cream-coloured, drying yellow; disk-florets yellow, often tinged reddish
Ecology
Common in waste places throughout the area, but apparently of quite recent introduction.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Alt. 5 - 2000 m.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil South, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Gilbert Is., Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kazan-retto, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Line Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Coat buttons, Tridax daisy
Spanish
Botoncillo.

Tridax procumbens L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 1, 2009 Diwol Sundaling [142157], Sabah K000610490
Jul 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3612], Bahia K000053733
Nov 1, 1993 Queiroz, L.P. [3206], Bahia K000053734
Oct 1, 1993 Guedes, M.L. [3], Bahia K000053735
Feb 1, 1993 Agra, M.F. [1299], Paraíba K000054476
Feb 1, 1993 Agra, M.F. [1327], Paraíba K000054478
Feb 1, 1993 Agra, M.F. [1299], Paraíba K000054477
Ash [527], Ethiopia 38804.000
Adams, C.D., Ghana 4762.000
Bodine, S. [172], Tanzania K000612937
Randriamampionona, B. [797], Madagascar K000662259
Silva, M.A. [4434], Brazil K001031669
Souza, V.C. [17018], Brazil K001031671
Krapovickas, A. [43073], Brazil K001031673
Ferreira, W.M. [1640], Brazil K001031674
Lemos, J.R. [172], Brazil K001031670
Hatschbach, G. [58922], Brazil K001031672
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3197] K001118768

First published in Sp. Pl.: 900 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 70.
  • Hutch. in Kew Bull. 1921: 381
  • Sp. Pl. 900 (1753)
  • Trochain Mém. I.F.A.N. 2: 385 (1940)

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2020). https://www.jstor.org/stable/26958715 epublication.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by H. Beentje [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 218, t. 90 (1994).
  • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 230, t. 248 (1963).
  • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 211, t. 72 (1993).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 174, fig. 115 (1962).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 55 (1956).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 900 (1753).
  • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 124, t. 30 (1991).
  • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 636, fig. 196/2 (1985).
  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 477 (1949).
  • Wild in Kirkia 6: 10 (1967).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Garcia, H. (1992). Flora Medicinal de Colombia. Botánica Médica. Segunda Edición. Tercer Mundo Editores. Tomo III.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Jansen, P., Lemmens, R., Oyen, L., Siemonsma, J., Stavast, F. & Van Valkenburg, J. (1991) Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of species and commodity grouping. Final version. Pudoc, Wageningen.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/