Genus:
Vandellia L.

Vandellia diffusa L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Turkey to Caucasus, Tropical Africa, Madagascar. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a poison and a medicine and for food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Guiana Shield, Caribbean, Orinoquia. Elevation range: 100–1500 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Bolívar, Boyacá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Guaviare, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupés, Vichada.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC. National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
coneja, cuartillo, oreja de ratón, paraguay, yerba anís, yerba de pollo, yerba pollo

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 100 - 1500 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Lectotype: Virgin Is, St. Thomas, Browne s.n., Herb. Linn. No. 795.3 (LINN), designated by Edmondson in Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 6 : 680 (1978)
Morphology General Habit
Annual, much branched, prostrate, 2.5–5 cm tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems up to 20 cm long, often rooting at lower nodes, quadrangular but not sharply so, short, white, patent hirsute throughout, mainly on angles
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly ovate to subcircular, 12–19 (–25) mm long, 9–15(–19) mm wide, rounded to broadly cuneate at base, apex obtuse, margins finely crenate-serrate, glabrous above, shortly spreading hirsute on major veins beneath, somewhat densely ciliolate, 3-veined from base with mid vein once or twice clearly pinnately branched
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 1–2 mm long, densely hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in axils mostly of upper leaves; pedicels 2–3.5 mm long in flower, extending to 4–8 mm in fruit, rather stout, densely hairy, ascending in fruit, never reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx prominently 5ribbed, 3.5–4.5 mm long in flower, patent white-hirsute; lobes narrowly lanceolate to subulate, 1.8–2(–2.5) mm long, acuminate, ciliate; lobes accrescent to 3–5 mm long, widely spreading and distorted after dehiscence of capsule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or cream (“mauve blue”, Thomas 853), 5–6 mm long, tube ± 4.5 mm long; upper lip shallowly emarginate or minutely irregularly toothed; lower lip somewhat deeply 3-lobed with median lobe rounded to subtruncate, minutely dentate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, fertile; anterior filaments geniculate, gibbous at base below geniculation, minutely yellow-glandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong-ellipsoid, 7–7.5(–12) mm long, 2–3.5 mm broad
Figures
Fig 24, p 79
Ecology
Forest borders, damp grassland surrounding lakes and other standing water, path and roadsides; 1100–1250 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Distribution
Flora districts: T1 T 3 (fide Iverson, Usambara rain forest project, Uppsala, 1988). %West Africa from Sierra Leone to Cameroon, Gabon, Congo (Brazzaville), Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Burundi, Madagascar, Central and South America Flora districts: U3 U4

[UPFC]
Distribution
Found in Boyacá, Colombia.
Vernacular
Oreja de ratón, Paraguay, Yerba de pollo

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UPFC]
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Malaya, Mexico Central, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Spanish
Paraguay, yerba de pollo, oreja de ratón.

Vandellia diffusa L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Dec 1, 2003 Cable, S. [3480], Cameroon Lindernia diffusa K000198180 No
Jan 1, 1990 Thompson, S.A. [1601], Cameroon Lindernia diffusa K000028742 No
Apr 1, 1989 Sanford, W.W. [5453], Cameroon Lindernia diffusa K000028738 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [3785], Zambia Lindernia diffusa 2569.000 No
Spruce, R. [s.n.] Lindernia diffusa K000202485 No
Rudatis, H. [6], Cameroon Lindernia diffusa K000028741 No
Migeod, F. [265], Cameroon Lindernia diffusa K000028739 No
Spruce, R. [s.n.] Lindernia diffusa K000202486 No
Coombe, D.E. [D.E.C. 226], Cameroon Lindernia diffusa K000028740 No

First published in Mant. Pl.: 89 (1767)

Accepted by

  • Amith, J. & collaborators (2020). Nahuatl Learning Environment http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/index.html.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Sutthisaksopon, P., Chantaranothai, P. & Simpson, D.A. (2014). Two new records in the Linderniaceae of Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 42: 10-15.

Not accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192. [Cited as Lindernia diffusa.]
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544. [Cited as Lindernia diffusa.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Amith, J. & collaborators (2020). Nahuatl Learning Environment http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/index.html.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa 322: 1-283.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Prasad, M.G. & al. (2014). First record of Vandellia diffusa (Linderniaceae) in Asia Phytotaxa 163: 54-57.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Sutthisaksopon, P., Chantaranothai, P. & Simpson, D.A. (2014). Two new records in the Linderniaceae of Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 42: 10-15.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/